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Full text of "The veteran volunteers of Herkimer and Otsego counties in the war of the rebellion; being a history of the 152d N. Y. V. With scenes, incidents, etc., which occurred in the ranks, of the 34th N. Y., 97th N. Y., 121st N. Y., 2d N. Y. heavy artillery, and 1st and 2d N. Y. mounted rifles; also the active part performed by the boys in blue who were associated with the 152d N. Y. V. in Gen. Hancock's Second army corps during Grant's campaign, from the Wilderness to the surrender of Gen. Lee at Appomattox Court House, Va"

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Go M. L. 






833 01083 5285 

" THE, 

Veteran Volunteers 

— OF — 

Hmirjli Otsego Count 



— BEING A — 

History of the 15M \X V. 



— OF THE — 

34th X. Y., 97th N. Y., 121st N. Y., 2d N. Y. Heavy Arciilery, 
and 1st and 2d N. Y. Mounted Rifles ; 

The Active Part Performed by the Boys in Blue who were 
Associated with the 

152d N, Y, V. 

—IN — 

Gen. Hancock's Second Army Corps, 



— FROM — 

The Wilderness to the Surrender of Gen. Lee at 
Appomattox Court House, Va. 

compiled and edited by 






Roback, Henry. 

The veteran volunteers of Herkimer and Otsego counties 
in the war of the rebellion: being a history of the 152d 
$%. Y. V. With scenes, incidents, etc., which occurred in the 
ranks, of the 34th N. Y., 97th N. Y., 121st N. Y., 2d N. Y. 
heavy artillery, and 1st and 2d N. Y. mounted rifles; also the 
active part performed by the boys in blue who were asso- 
ciated with the 152d N. Y. V. in Gen. Hancock's Second 
army corps during Grant's campaign, from the Wilderness 
to the surrender of Gen. Lee at Appomattox Court House, Va. 
Compiled and cd. by Henry Boback ... t Utica, N. Y., Press 

of L. C. Chi Ids & son, 18S8 3 
19T> p. l!:i«». 

IIlRt. — Civil 

'J. Now York 

1. U. S.- 
inf.— 1.7J.1 
I. TIL!,*. 
- Library of C(3U*rc&t 

Owitr — Regimental historic-** — N. Y. 
infantry. lf>2d re^t., JS02-1SG& 

r a.KJiui 

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1888, 


In the Office of th<.- Librarian of Congress, at Washington. 

Prv^of L. (.'. Child* £ S.-n. 
Cttea, NY. 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2012 



Organization. Recruiting. Camp Schuyler. Bounty Money. Bright Stars of 
Freedom. Good-Bye. Trip to the Front. Jersey Lightning. Cooper Shop. 
Baltimore. Corpoiation Sofas. Pickaninnie?. Raw Pork and Coffee. 
Camp Marcy. Our First Picnic. Fatigue and Picket. Learning to Drill. 
Stag Dance. Glad Tidings of Great Toy. Our Rations. Sutlers. Bond 
Holders. Death on a Pale Horse. The Countersign. Hegg. Egg. 
Whisky. Washington City. Guard Duty. Pay Day. Gen. F. E. Spinner. 
Enfield Rifles. Down the Potomac. Tomb of Washington. Arrival at 
Suffolk. Supporting a Battery. ...... 13 


Gen. Longstreet. Siege of Suffolk. Fight of May 3d. Escape. Black Water 
Raids. Stealing a Railroad. Great Dismal Swamp. A Paralized Regi- 
ment. Charge of the Mounted Rifles. Ned Buntline. Heavy Skirmish- 
ing. A Bloodthirsty Vet. Capture of a Smoke-House. Our Chaplain. 
Geese, Chickens and Pork. A Horse ! a Horse ! my Greenbacks for a 
Horse ! Peninsular Campaign. Sickness and Death. Hampton Roads. 28 


Trip to New York. Major O'Brien. The Riot. Broadway by Gaslight. -Bar- 
onets and the Mob. Hanging Negroes. The Draft. Substitutes. Science 
of Bounty Jumping. French Furloughs. Contract Rations. Hard Fare. 
Fort Schuyler. Trip to Schenectady. Green Militia from Way Back, 
Boiled Murphy's Return. Plug Uglies. Provost Duty- The Raw Boned 
Lady Broker. Imitation Greenbacks. Escape in Female Attire. Exemp- 
tion. Voting Early and Often. Ordered to the Front. The Last Square 
Meal. The Great Tramp Act. Eight Days' Rations. -. . 44 



Army of the Potomac. Second Army Corp. Brigade of the Old 34th N. Y. Vol. 
The Eagle Eyed General. Bristow Station. Bull Run. Short Rations, 
Commissar}*. Persimmons. Old Navy Plug. Execution of a Deserter. 
The Army Mule Fully Described. The Private Soldier. Shaving a Negro. 
v Forgery. 121st N. Y. V. Forced March. Upton's Gallant Charge. Mor- 
tar and Pestle. Grinding Hardtack. Mine Run. Thanksgiving. Turkey 
Shoot. Brutus Caesar Clem. Warren's Judgment. Fall Back. Lost. 
Winter Quarters. Camp Life. Morton's Ford. Corp Drill. Grant and 
Hancock. Christian Commission. The Woman's Relief Corps. The Silent 
Camping Ground. Civilized Rations. California Joe. His Pard, George 
Morse. Prospects in View. The Fatal Bullet and Shell. . . .51 


In the Wilderness. Baptismal Fire. Overture by the Orchestra. Premonitions 
of Death. Peals of Musketry. The Dense Forest. Death of Washington W. 
Hulser. The Heavenly Choir. Grant will Whip. The Whip-Poor-Will. 
Twelve Miles of Men. Incessant Roar of Battle. Fighting Through Burn- 
ing Breastworks. The Dead and Dying Confederates. Burning of the 
Helpless. The Mighty Surge. The Day is Ours. Out of the Jaws of 
Death. Death of Geo. Kidder. The Soldiers' Dream. On the Road. 
Todd's Tavern. The Dying Confederate. . . . .65 


Spottsylvania. Gen. Owen. Death of Gen. Sedgwick. Skewed. The Eleventh 
of May. Baptized in the Blood of Fallen Comrades. Twelfth of May. The 
Bloody Angle. The Interior Line. Death of -Our Color Bearer. Bravery of 
Capt. Hill. Cruel and Cold Lead. Counter Charging. The False Flag. 
The Enemy Repulsed. The Death Grapple. Night. The Golgotha. The 
Far Reaching Shells. May Eighteenth. Feeling of the Enemy. Slaughter 
ofthe Corcoran Legion. Murderous Assault. Death of Sergeant Brown. 
Unburied and Unmarked. Execution of a Deserter. Attack on the Rear. 
Repulsed by the Heavy Infants. End ofthe Fourteenth Day. . 74 



Grant's Crab Movement. Shelled on the March. North Anna River. A Des- 
perate Fight. Holding the Line at the Point of the Bayonet. Four Nights 
on Picket. Death of the Cavalryman. Sambo. Bearding the Lion in his 
Den. Arrival of Recruits. Heavy March. Tolopotomoy Creek. The 
Bloody Second Corps. Three Days' Fighting. Night March. Cold Har- 
Dor. Charge. Running the Gauntlet. Shelled from the Rear. The Second 
N. Y. H. A. A Winrow of Dead. Recapture of a Flag. The Mortar Shell. 
On Picket. The Excited Yank. Sharp Shooting. Ten Days' Fight. Grant's 
Visit to the Works. Shooting Ramrods. The Flag of Truce. The Long- 
haired We'uns. The Gray Back or Sand Bug. A Hidden Enemy. Carry- 
ing Rations Amid Screeching Shells. Swinging Around the Circle. . 86 


Crossing the James River. Light Haversacks. Charging the Enemy's Works. 
Continued Fighting. A Murderous Cross-Fire. A Tornado of Minnies. 
Heroic Service of Thos. R. Petrie. The Hospital Scene. Dr. Silas A. Ing- 
ham. The Amputating Tables. ioo Graves. Terrible Slaughter of the 
First Maine H. A. Weldon Railroad. Cutting Hair with Bullets. Open- 
ing of the Battle, 22d June. Flanked. Heavy Loss in Prisoners. Ander- 
sonville. His Satanic Majesty. Senator Mahone. Judgment and Legs. 
Gobbled. Jerusalem Plank Road. The Ten-Pin Alley. Shower of Grape 
Shot. The Works Retaken. Appetite Destroyed. End of the 52nd Day. 
Grant. Moses. The Promised Land. New Recruit. Harrowing Tales. 
Fourth of July. Dress Parade. Slashing Timber Night and Day. . 98 


Severe Picket Duty. Fort Hell. Peace Negotiations. Over the River. 
Strawberry Plains. Death of William Syllabach. Advance to the Interior. 
Long Range Picket Firing. Return. Thirty Mile March. Explosion of 
the Mine. Eight Tons of Gunpowder. The Crater. Heavy Cannonading. 
Grant Under Shelling. Terrible Slaughter and Gallantry of the Colored 
Troops. Burial of the Dead. Hancock's Tramps. Boiled Graybacks. 
Camp in the Woods. Songs of Peace. Quiet Slumbers. Pack Up. Down 
the River. About Face. Deep Bottom. Intense Heat. Grant, Hancock 
and Butler. Death by Sun Stroke. Charge Repulsed. The Barbed Wire 
Vine. Gathering Corn with the Butternut Boys. Return March. . 108 



Reams Station Out-marching the Cavalrv. The Battle. Sixteen Shooters. 
The Bull Ring Fight. Fight or Andersonville. Paralyzing the Troops with 
Canon. Terrible Rome. Shower of Lead. Hancock's Bravery and Grand 
Rally. The Enemy Driven. After the Battle. Death of Melville Barnes 
and Lester Huntley. Return. The Lightnings Red Glare. Heroism of 
Adjutant A. R. Ouaife. The Colors Saved. The Surgeon's Knife. Route 
of the Servants, Chaplains and Mules. Fort Haskell. Petersburg Express. 
Bomb Proofs. Arrival of a Recruit. The Graybacks Attack. Fresh 
Blood. Building Railroads. Red Tape. On Picket Between Fort Hell 
and Damnation. Fireworks. Voting by Proxy. Homestead Claims. Home, 
Mother and Friends. . . . . .' . . 117 


Boydton Plank Road. The Advance. Bounding Shells. Death of Charley 
Watson. The Rear Attacked. Gen. Eagen. Hemmed in. Close Calls. 
Miraculous Escapes. Rapid Transit of the Slaves. Grandfather Burgess. 
Supporting a Battery. Death of \V. A. Musson. Death of Brave Kelsey. 
Grandson Burgess. In Union Ranks. Retreat in the Night. Fort Sted- 
man. Thirty Days in the Deadly Picket Trench. Countermining. The 
Paymaster. The Sutler. Homestead Deeds. Wild Geese. The Dead 
Man's Post. Rations of Glory. Dodging a Minnie. The Whitworth 
Shell. Gen. Eagen Wounded. S; ecial Donation of Turkeys Thanks- 
giving Present From the Ladies of Herkimer and Otsego. . . 127 


Down the Weidon Railroad. Extra Duty in Front. Capture of a would-be De- 
serter. The 2nd N. V. M. Rilles. The Virginia Hog. Milk, Honey and 
Pork. Race for Life. Sleeping on Post. Soldiers' Tricks. Confederate 
Bonds. Hanging of Bounty Jumpers. Hatcher's Run. Seven Days Cam- 
paign. Agonizing Weather. Rebel Pickets. The Cradle and the Grave. 
The Lookout. The Confederacy. Attempt to Consolidate. Gen. F. E. 
Spinner's Interference. New Recruits, Gen. Grant. The Open Knife. 135 



The Last Campaign. Break in the Line. Battling Thirty Miles in Length. Lee's 
Plans. Breaking Camp. The Mule Telegraph. Ordered to the Front. 
Dabney's Mills. Slinging: More Gore. Capture of the Fort. The Quaker 
Guns. Gen. Warren. Routed. Little Phil Sheridan. Desperate Battle. 
Saved by the Second Corps. Five Forks. Heavy Battle. The Works are 
Ours. The Last Ditch. Retreat of Lee. Petersburgh Sealed. Close Up. 
The Stars and Bars. Through Swamps and Forest. High Bridge. Death 
of Gen. Smythe. Farmvilie. Slaughter of the Innocents. Capture of Trains. 
Hoe Cake Kettles, etc. Plantation Hands Free and Naturalized- Attack 
on the Bee Hives. Sacrifice of an Infant. The Eighth Day. Signs of the 
End. Gen. Meade. Token of Peace. Surrender of Lee. The Day of Jubi- 
lee. The Blue and Gray. . . . . . 144 


Grant's Victory. Four Years of War. Fraternally United. Homeward Bound. 
Bridge of Floating Logs. Burkesville. The Assassination. General Orders. 
Official Correspondence. Homeward Tramp of the Johnnies. Drilling. 
Pack up. On to Richmond. Greenbacks vs. Confederate Scrip. Review. 
Libby Prison. Fredericksburg. On the Road. The Home Stretch. Mun- 
son's Hill. The Last Grand Pic-nic. Hardtack and Salt Hog. Corps Re- 
view Farewell of Gen. Meade. Grand Review. New Commissions. 
Visiting for Rations. Special Orders. Camp Scenes. . . 155 


Our Old Army Musket. Special Orders. Speech of Col. Curtiss. Three Hun- 
dred and Forty days Campaign. From the Wilderness to the Appomattox. 
Dress Parades. Fourth of July Celebration. Sack Race. Sparring. Greasy 
Pole Climbing. Race for the Greased Pig. Grand Dinner. Grand Display 
of Fireworks. Return of the Disabled and Prisoners. Under the Old Flag 
Once More. Lincoln's Forgiving Proclamation. Mustered Out. Journey 
to Albany. Grand Dinner. Citizenship. Reunions. The Grand Army 
Above. ......... 162 


M^HIS volume is dedicated to the memory of the heroic 
vD dead who enlisted from the counties of Herkimer 
and Otsego, in the war of the rebellion. Imbued 
with a spirit of love for their fellow-men, they sacrificed 
family, home, and friends, to combat with an enemy who 
were sapping the life and liberties of the Union, under- 
mining its Constitution, and destroying " Peace on earth 
and good will toward all men." 

They emulated the example of their ancestors who had 
crowned themselves with victory in conquering the British 
tyrant, after seven years' of war and bloodshed in the 
revolutionary days of i 776 ; who gained the independence 
and laid the foundation of the United States of America. 

The history of the revolution had often been repeated 
and engrafted in the minds of the children and grand- 
children of the old revolutionary heroes, instilling in their 

J o 

hearts a germ of duty and love for their country. It 
flourished, grew, budded, and blossomed, unfolding a 
flower of glorious patriotism, kissed by heaven's pure 

When the serpent head of secession arose to destroy 
the Union, they voluntarily and willingly entered the 
ranks to die on the altar of liberty, lest their country be 
lost. Their memory should be, crowned, both the living 
and the dead, with a spirit of love and loyalty/ through all 

:o <^y 


oncoming ages, for the peace they established, that com- 
ing generations might live in prosperity and happiness. 

The sons of veterans should keep in fond remembrance 
the deeds of valor performed by their fathers in preserving 
and maintaining the integrity of the Union, and be eternally 
vigilant • standing' ever readv to quench the smouldering 
embers of treason, if by chance they should again break 
forth in volcanic eruptions, deluging the land with brothers' 

During this war the counties of Herkimer and Otsego, 
and the counties adjoining, became a vast theatre, wherein 
was enacted many tragical scenes and conflicts. The army 
of Great Britain with their Indian allies, assisted by the 
Tory neighbor, destroyed the homes of the early settlers. 
The land, was deluged with -blood. They spared neither 
the old or young who fell in their hands. The grand- 
parent,, the wife and mother, and the smiling babe in the 
cradle, all were massacred without mercy. To maintain 
the honor and integrity of the Union gained by such ter- 
rible ordeal, the men of these counties rallied around the 
Star Spangled Banner, enlisting in the ranks of the 34th. 
76th, Sist, 97th N. Y. Vols., the 2d N. Y. and 16th 
N. Y. Heavy Artillery regiments, the 121st and 7 5 2d N. 
Y. and 2d N. Y. Mounted Rifles, and many others in 
various regiments of artillery, cavalry, infantry, and upon 
the high sea as sailors and marines. 




Comrades and Citizens 


INCE the day when grim-visaged war swept over this 
land, moulding anew the nation, I have cherished' the 
thought that the citizens of Herkimer and Otsego coun- 
ties should know what trials and dangers their veterans per- 
formed while passing through the furnace of war. True, 
volumes have been published and placed within the reach of 
all, bearing upon the same subject. Such books become unin- 
teresting to the rising generation, as they contain nothing of 
special importance, or deeds of valor performed by their imme- 
diate friends or relatives. As time rolls by the veteran dies, 
and the memory of his services soon fade away. 

I have constantly studied and kept in fond remembrance the 
many scenes we encountered, and have taken ample time to 
gain all knowledge and facts worthy of notice, making it a per- 
sonal history, as far as it has laid in my power. Undoubted lv 
I will be censured and criticised for many omissions, yet I have 
tried to do honor and justice to all, with malice toward none. 

The great panorama of war is viewed from different stand- 
points, even by the participants therein. 

At the outbreak of the war the American citizen had but a 
limited knowledge of military affairs. When the clarion notes 
of the bugle called "to arms" they rallied around the flag 
without hope of preferment or promotion. Many sickened and 
died, others fell by the wayside with physical disabilities. I 



have placed them upon the roll of honor among- their more 
fortunate comrades, for surely, there was honor and glory 
enough. I would ask the support of every veteran volunteer 
in bringing this work before the public. All who drank with 
us out of the old canteen, firmly believing they will be deeply 
interested in its perusal. 

Expressing my most sincere thanks to the officers and mem- 
bers of the regiment, and to the comrades in general for their 
kind aid in this work, I am yours, 

In Fraternal Charity and Loyalty, 





Organization. Recruiting. Camp Schuyler. Bounty Money. Bright Stars of 
Freedom. Good- Bye. Trip to the Front. Jersey Lightning. Cooper Shop. 
Baltimore. Corpotation Sofas. Pickaninnies. Raw Pork and Coffee. 
Camp Marcy. Our First Picnic. Fatigue and Picket. Learning to Drill. 
Stag Dance. Glad Tidings of Great Toy. Our Rations. Sutlers. Bond 
Holders. Death on a Pale Horse. The Countersign. Hegg. Egg. 
Whisky. Washington City. Guard Duty. Pay Day. Gen. F. E. Spinner. 
Enfield Rifles. Down the Potomac. Tomb of Washington. Arrival at 
Suffolk. Supporting a Battery. 

^p"HE proclamation of Abraham Lincoln calling for 
\\^ three hundred thousand men, was responded to by 
the citizens of Herkimer and Otsego. The camp 
was located on the Schuyler farm, near the village of 
Mohawk, in July, 1862, and the recruiting commenced. 
The people were awakened to a profound sense of duty 
and danger, and with enthusiasm they rallied around the 
national standard, and in six weeks had completed the 
maximum number of one thousand men ; also one company 
to form a nucleus for the second regiment, the 15 2d N.Y.V- 

Alonzo Ferguson had acted as Adjutant in organizing 
the first regiment, the 121st N. Y., and by the advice and 
consent of Col. Franchot, of the 121st, and the urgent 
request of the war committee, he received a commission 
from Governor E. D. Morgan to organize the i52d N, Y. 
The line officers were chosen by the citizens of the several 
towns where they resided, and they forthwith began to 
recruit quite briskly, the officers and privates being neigh- 
bors and friends and willing to share alike the danger and 
hardships of war. 

During the month of October, 1S62, the recruiting 
proceeded slow, the 121st having the choice of material ; 


we were forced to accept a few old men, but who were full 
of vigor and patriotism, and with good intentions they 
meant to excel the boys who had gone before. 

The labor of organization was extremely laborious and 
trying to all concerned. Temporary buildings were 
erected for the use of the colonel and staff, also an hospital 
and cook house, eating house, and a guard house. This 
was brought in requisition to teach the boys the art to 
love, honor, and obey all officers appointed over them. 
The word fear was stricken out at enlistment, consequently 
many risks were taken in running the guard to the canal 
grocery for the purpose of obtaining a canteen of corn 
juice to keep away the chills and ague. 

We soon became initiated tQ the new life and began to 
study the military law of obedience. Here we learned the 
social distinction between the officer and private. Mili- 
tary officers are graded, each grade in its own order, and 
based upon its own superiority, but often regardless of 
mental capacity. At first it was a trying ordeal for a free- 
born American to obev the risdd laws enforced, and de- 
scend lower in the social scale than their fellow men. 
Equally so at first with the officer who had suddenly 
became exalted over his fellow-men by the fortunes of 
war. They had to learn to obey as w r ell as to command. 
With the private soldier there arose one great and consol- 
ing thought. There was a companion who journeyed with 
us and partook of the bountiful ration bestowed by a 
grateful government. One who shared our toils, tribula- 
tions and hardships, but was removed many degrees lower 
down than the private soldier, both socially and morally. 
A companion who became enshrined in our hearts, and 
who would quietly lay down its life by our side with ar- 
duous toil for the country of its adoption. That was the 
army mule. 


When we accepted the honorable position of a private 
soldier, each man became an important factor, represent- 
ing a two-millionth part of the whole, who were destined 
to save the foundation whereupon may rest one hundred 
million of free men before the last comrade shall sleep on 
the shore, where the call of the bugle can wake him no 

During the three vears of service the government often 
promoted the private soldier to a higher station in life for 
meritorious conduct, if not removed by disease or the 
fatal bullet or # shell. 

The private was never reduced to a lower level. He 
was always allowed to retain his position and hold it to 
the end. Not so with the officer. They were often 
dismissed the service, or relieved from their commands, 
harassed and ordered to resign from the service and enter 
the walks of life more congenial to their nature. 

The camp guard numbered nearly two hundred men. 
This duty was novel and pleasant to the average American 
citizen. Nothing could induce them to give up the occu- 
pation after once dressed in the dark blue uniform and 
the crlitterinsr brass buttons. Old associates visited the 
camp and became attracted by the pleasant life of a sol- 
dier, and inspired with a sense of duty and honor, would 
quickly doff their broadcloth and jeans and undergo a 
transformation from a peaceable citizen to that of a valiant 
warrior, standing beside brothers and friends beneath the 
bright stars of freedom, with the banner of Columbia un- 

We were armed with an old fashioned State musket, but 
upon our departure they were mostly all rendered worth- 
less, by the constant use they were put to in stirring the 
camp fires. Apparently there was much danger in this 
and fears were entertained. The bone and sinew of the 


land gone ; the muskets destroyed, the country was left 
defenseless and subject to destruction, should the enemy 
come sweeping down the valley via Canada and Oriskany, 
as in ye olden time. The regiment accepted the invita- 
tion of the President of the Herkimer County Agricul- 
tural Societv and visited the grounds. The camp was 
i . thronged with visitors daily. They came to bid farewell 

to the boys in blue, knowing full well that many would 
not return ; but with a duty which all owe to the land of 
our birth, father and mother resigned their loved ones 
without a murmur to the God of battles. 

The so-called bounty money which the soldier received 
was apparently an inducement which caused him to give 
his life to the country of his birth or adoption. In view- 
ing the matter in its true light, we find that the soldier 
accepted a gratuity for the preservation of the life of his 
expectant widow and orphan children, or that old and en- 
feebled father and mother who journeyed down life's 
pathway, in sorrow and mourning because their youngest 
son was not. The savage Indian received a bounty for 
each scalp taken during the revolution, and was paid in 
British gold. Scalping being out of fashion in our modern 
'days, the American volunteer could in no way or manner 
be accused of selling his life for the purpose of greed or 

While we awaited the filling up of the regiment to its 
maximum number, all minds were turned toward the 
events transpiring at the front. Herkimer and Otsego 
were represented by many of her sons. The 97th X. Y. 
and 34th X. V. entered the conflict at Antietam. Eleven 
men from one school district, Dolgeville, were reported 
killed, men who were associated since boyhood. A mem- 
ber of the 153d X. V.. who had left a good home in 
charge of a loyal wife and daughter, receives the sad intel- 


ligence that his son, Clinton Ackerman, 97th N. Y., has 
been killed. How terrible was the blow to the parent ? 
An only son ! The father preparing to enter the same 
field of action. • 

We were finally mustered in the United States service 
Oct. 15, 1S62, by J. R. Brinckle, U. S. M. O. On the 
2 1st of October we boarded a train at Herkimer, amidst the 
adieus and farewells of friends and relatives who watched 
our departure. We arrived at Albany in the evening, and 
were served with a sandwich and coffee. We crossed the 
river on the ferry-boat and boarded a train of soldier cars, 
arriving at New York City, 11 a.m. Oct. 22. 

On the 25th we boarded a steamer bound for Amboy, 
and bid good bye to the Empire State. The weather was 
fine, with a stiff sea breeze blowing inshore, enlivening 
the spirits of the boys remarkably. A train awaited us at 
Amboy, and we were soon whirled on our way through 
the sandy plains of New Jersey. The farms along the 
route presented a doleful appearance ; vegetation seemed 
to struggle to maintain a bare existence. The train 
■stopped at several stations, giving the boys an oppor- 
tunity to sample an historic fluid commonly called Jersey 
lightning, containing more electricity than a fully charged 
galvanic battery. Leaving the cars, we were soon ferried 
over the Delaware river to the City of Brotherly Love. 
We marched to the cooper shop, where the good people 
of Philadelphia had prepared an immense spread of viands. 
After partaking unto our hearts content, we marched 
through the city by gaslight. On our way we were greeted 
with cheers, the waving of handkerchiefs and the old flag 
iloating to the breeze. 

Good-bye and cheering words were given by the maidens, 
and many sympathetic tears were shed by those who had 
darling boys at the front. We boarded a stock tram on 



the outskirts of the city, and arriving at Perryville, awaited 
the boat to cross the Susquehanna river. The Otsego 
boys had left their homes at the source of this great river, 
and by many devious ways had arrived near its mouth, 
where it empties in the Chesapeake bay. The ferry boat 
carried three cars at each trip. While we awaited, an ac- 
cident occurred which cast a gloom over the whole regi- 
ment. Seymour Smith, Sergeant of Co. F, had fallen be- 
tween the cars and was mortally injured. He had been a 
student at Fairfield Academy, and, through patriotic mo- 
tives, he gave up the bright life that was before him, and 
buckled on the armor to fight for right against wrong. 
Dr. Ingham accompanied him with a detail to his home,, 
but the injury caused his death in a few days. 
• We arrived at Baltimore on the morning of the 27th, 
and marched over the same route taken by the old 6th 
Massachusetts on the 19th day of April, 1861. Unlike 
the 6th Massachusetts, we were unarmed. Upon that 
ever memorable day, the mob thronged the streets and 
house-tops, and with jeers and insults, with brick-bats and 
stones flying and hurling through the air, they demanded 
a tune. Col. Jones commanded halt ! Load in four 
times ! Handle cartridge ! Ram cartridge ! Recover 
arms ! Ready ! Said the Colonel : Gentlemen, there i s 
my band, and there are my musical instruments, — you 
have demanded a tune. I will give you one. Aim ! Fire I 
The musical strains of the boys in blue were far better 
admired where distance lends enchantment to the view. 
The audience hastily made their exit. We Baited near the 
depot, and remained two days and nights, sleeping on cor- 
poration sofas, containing a cobblestone mattress, and 
curbstone pillows. Here we saw a party of rebel prisoners 
marching through the streets. We viewed the number- 
less contrabands and schools of young "pickaninnies,"" 


l 9 

who swarmed the streets with ebonized smiles, and " Lord 
bress de Yanks." 

The national bivalve, the oyster, was plenty, and all 
lovers of that shell fruit regaled themselves. 

The 29th we started for the Capital City, the train 
switching off on the way. We reached the city at night, 
making the distance, forty miles, in twelve hours. Enter- 
ing the Soldiers' Rest, we lay down on the soft side of the 
floor, and was soon in the land of snores. The morning 
dawned on a city of mud, a cold and cheerless rain descend- 
ing, with a dark and heavy gloom overspreading the land. 
The Old Vets extended to us the right hand of fellowship, 
and smiled at the reception we received. The breakfast 
of raw pork, bread and coffee, was somewhat repugnant, 
but the process of fitting our stomachs to receive govern- 
ment rations had commenced. On the first day of No- 
vember, the sun shone clear and we started up the Poto- 
mac river, to find the land of Dixie. We crossed Chain 
bridge and ascended the hill. Coming to a stream of 
water, when the Major, in order to try our mettle, ordered 
us to wade " thus," unceremoniously performing the rite 
of baptism in Virginia's cold waters. At night we located 
a"position and pitched tents, gathering the foliage from 
the pines. In the morning we arose in a dense, cold fog, 
and cut a few slices and ate it in place of butter on the 
bread, which was packed at Mohawk, thirteen days before. 
This was our first picnic party. 

We christened our lay out Camp Marcy, and at once 
began to erect shanties, six feet by seven, five men occu- 
pying each tent. Through some kink or hitch in the red 
tape line, our rations were not forwarded; consequently, 
we were obliged to eat the aged bread. The pork having 
assumed a new flavor, was discarded. A few fortunate 
ones were regaled with a meal of sweet potatoes, flavored 



with a suspicious liquid called bacon gravy. The venera- 
ble contraband who furnished the meals, did a thriving 
business as long as his stock held out. 

At the end of the fifth day the authorities at Washing- 
ton succeeded in straightening the tangle, and our rations 
arrived. One company immediately organized a board- 
ing association on the starvation and low-diet plan. The 
object in view was to draw the money instead of the 
rations, and if, by chance, any one died, they were to be 
-embalmed and sent home, the expenses be paid from this 
skeleton manufactory fund. They lived twenty-one days 
upon one slice of bread per meal, and bean soup, consist- 
ing of several soups to one bean. Although several pro- 
tested, who preferred being embalmed in Virginia soil, the 
majority ruled. Upon the dissolution of the scheme, it 
was found that there had been four thousand eight hun- 
dred and fifty-one meals furnished, and the whole com- 
pany of seventy-seven men on the road to the grave yard. 
The profits of the concern were invested in tobacco. 

For our protection against a surprise from the enemy, 
and for the purpose of shooting a stray rabbit, the govern- 
ment issued to us a warlike instrument of death called 
Austrian rifles. They had been around the world, and 
had been sold and re-sold to all nations, and had finally 
reached our camp through the connivance of some fat 
contractor. We commenced to practice target shooting, 
and many laughable scenes occurred among those who 
claimed to be good marksmen. 

During the three months' sojourn at Camp Marcy we 
were employed in constructing breastworks. They were 
very elaborate and unequalled in strength and durability. 
We were often discouraged because we could not see the 
■enemy at the front, the pick and shovel being a queer 
weapon, and obnoxious to the taste of a warrior. But the 



results of our labor was seen when Gen. Jubal Early 
visited that vicinity, and found the works impregnable ; 
thus saving Washington from destruction. The officers 
at once began to learn the manual of "arms" and the evo- 
lutions of the drill. They studied Casey's tactics, and 
used the men as automaton figures to practice with, and 
all soon arrived at a certain degree of perfection. 

Our new out-of-door life, both night and day, caused 
considerable sickness. Surgeon Ingham and his assist- 
ants, Drs. Adam Miller and Ward, overcame the difficulty,. 
and we soon become acclimated to the glorious climate. 

The Washington Chronicle arrived daily, supplied by 
Stephen A. Ingham, the surgeon's boy. The evening 
camp fire was enjoyed, the boys relating past experience ; 
stories and ballad singing. The ball-room was located on 
the platform of mother earth, and dancing was enjoyed, 
the "partner" turning their cap fronts around to represent 
the gentler sex, and all would trip the light fantastic toe, 
and all promenade, on the broad bottoms of the army shoe.. 
The orchestra was conducted by Lyman Snell and Duane 
Wiswell, who brought their instruments with them. 

A sad accident occurred in the camp of the 4th N. Y„ 
HA., who were stationed across the road at Fort Marcy. 
A comrade, while practicing "inspection of arms," caught 
the hammer of his musket in his belt, when it was dis- 
charged, killing the comrade facing him. It was a sad 
lesson and not forgotten by those who viewed the scene. 

The mail carrier, Sanford Babcock, and his mule, were 
Greatly appreciated, being the "medium" who conveyed 
glad tidings of great joy to and from friends we left at 
home. Our rations were plenty until July 20, 1S64, when 
they were cut down, the demand being greater than the 
supply, the contractors having cornered the produce, 
thereby raising the price. The ration issued to each man 



for one day was one pound of hard-tack, three-fourths pound 
meat, one ounce each of coffee and sugar, and a few beans 
or rice. To supply the deficiency, the government gave a 
license to a band of sutlers, who sold palatable articles of 
diet, at the enormous profit of from one to nine hundred 
per cent. The consequence was that the thirteen thousand 
dollars in greenbacks that each regiment of one thousand 
men received for one month's pay, found its way into the 
sutler's coffers. The government considered it bad policy 
to inflate the country with an over-issue of this cheap cur- 
rency, so they bought it back from the sutler and contract- 
or by a keen system of financial engineering, giving a 
bond bearing interest, payable in gold. The currency ob- 
tained in this manner was reduplicated many times during 
the war for the payment of soldiers' wages, and to the con- 
tractor, for national expenses. The final result w r as, the 
soldier returned from the war almost penniless, and found 
an army of coupon cutters who held a mortgage upon the 
whole country. The blood and services of the soldier 
had saved the nation from destruction. The bondholder 
had reaped the reward. Death on his pale horse rides 
among us, reaping a rich harvest. Twenty years hence 
there will not be as many funerals as there were in 1864. 
The bondholder never dies ; his money will descend to 
his children, and the sons of veterans will pay the interest 

Headquarters of the picket line was located at a farm 
house on the Langley road, the "support" at the tavern. 
The line extended from the Potomac to Falls Church, the 
posts being about 300 ft. apart. No one was allowed to 
travel the road without a pass duly signed by the general 
in command of the department. Scouting parties, mounted 
on horses and mules often passed the several posts without 
halting. One night the leading rider at full speed came 



in contact with the bayonet of Delos Fox, Co. E, inflicting 
a severe scalp wound, the rider being unhorsed. 

The countersign was changed daily, and passed out on 
the line from post to post. One day on the extreme left 
post the countersign was given as hegg (egg). Four posts 
below we found the murdered corpse among a squad of 
Yorkshiremen ; it was " aquia." 

The grand rounds, consisting of the officer of the picket 
line and his aids appeared at midnight. Each vidette was 
drilled through the day in the following colloquy: Halt! 
who £oes there ! The ^rand rounds ! Turn out the guard ! 
The grand rounds ! Dismount sergeant of the grand rounds ! 
Advance and give the countersign ! Countersign is correct ! 
Grand rounds pass on. The nights were cold and frosty. 
Many mistakes were made in the challenge to the grand 
rounds. Approaching a German vidette they were halted, 
when, upon discovering their identity, he replied : Oh ! 
dat ish all right ; I tought it vas some relief guards ; you 
can pass right along. 

Circumlocution and chicanery was practiced by the men 
to counteract the orders to be obeyed. Our commanding 
officers were very generous, and the punishment inflicted 
was light. A private getting an excuse from the surgeon 
on the plea of sickness, visited another camp distant seven 
miles. Upon his return a drumhead court martial sen- 
tenced him to walk with a barrel placed over his body, 
with his head protruding from a hole cut in the bottom. 
Two men who had forgotten they were married to Uncle 
Sam, for better or worse, began a series of letters to a Utica 
p aper, grievously stating their ill fate, discouraging enlist- 
ments, etc. They distinctly stated that the guard house 
was built of logs and had no window or floor, minus a 
stove to keep the prisoners warm. A continuation of 
their letters was to appear in the next week's issue, but 


they were arrested, and, to prove their assertions by exper- 
ience, they were confined to the guard house until they 
promised to fulfill their contract by performing the duties 
of a soldier. 

War made strange bedfellows in all regiments. Thos. 
Maeuire, of Co. F, was a teacher in Greek. Latin, French 
and German, and had held important positions in the lead- 
ing universities of the United States and Canada. He 
was often called upon by the officers to decide a fine point 
in learning. He conducted a class in Latin, and was en- 
gaged in writing a novel, founded on our army experience. 
Henry Lewis, of Co. F, measured seven feet and one inch ; 
Smith Foster, of Co. K, stood six feet seven ; they were 
known as the baby and infant, and throughout the army 
as the U. S. ramrods. Their uniform was obtained through 
special order from Philadelphia. 

One cold wintry night, Dec. 28th, we were suddenly 
awakened by the beating of the long roll. We tumbled 
out of our quarters shivering with cold. We entered the 
fort and impatiently awaited the advance of the enemy. 
The next day it was ascertained that Dumfries had been 
raided, capturing the troops and burning the stores. Dur- 
ing our three years' service we obtained through the com- 
missary by regular issue three ounces of whisky, one ounce 
at each time ; it was deemed as an unnecessary article by 
a large majority of the regiment. True, there were some 
who ran hazardous risks to obtain the liquid. Running 
the guard at Chain Bridge, wading the Potomac and trad- 
ing with smugglers, who were mostly colored ladies, were 
some of the devices practiced. When the picket guard 
captured a bottle hid in the boots or stocking of Dinah. 
They would not sample it, hardly ever, but would send it to 
headquarters, where it was supposed to find its way to the 
hospital for the use of the sick. At Chain Bridge the 




captain in command of the guard captured a quart bottle 
of old rye. He set it to one side and crossed the bridge 
to invite the colonel to have a smile. During his absence 
the guard sampled the contents, and refilled the bottle 
with water. The colonel pulled the cork and smiled ; a 
ghastly smile. 

February 12th we struck tents, packed up and moved 
to Washington City. On the march the major who was 
laboring under an over-dose of anti-malaria fluid extract, 
left his position, the left flank of the regiment, and rode 
with his superiors at the head of the column. The colonel 
ordered him to the rear with an escort of twenty guards. 
Arriving at the pavements the major struck spurs to his 
horse and galloped away, returning at his leisure. Head- 
quarters were established at Carroll Hill, the companies 
being detailed in guarding hospitals and the central guard 
house. The rain and snow had created streams of mud 
six inches deep. Our rations were ''contracted " by the con- 
tractor, Co. E drawing soft bread, split peas and Cayenne 
pepper. The cows which were in the habit of loafing 
around "our quarters" in the silent hours of night were 
rather scant with their morning's mess of milk ; the loss 
to the proprietor was made up by adding water, and sell- 
ing it through the regular channels to the congressmen 
who were then in session. 

Measles broke out among the regiment, and several 
died or were left with afflictions. Whisky was confis- 
cated upon the conviction of the proprietor, when com- 
plained of for selling to a soldier. 

When a soldier became very full he was taken to the 
central guard house and given a room, the floor being 
overflowed with two inches of water, a foot-bath beine 
deemed essential to draw the "spirits fermenti" down- 
ward, to prevent brain fever, 


Alonzo Ferguson mustered as colonel Feb. 20. George 
R. Thompson, adjutant of the 34th N. Y. mustering as 
Lieut. Col. Col. Ferguson at once upon receiving his 
commission interviewed Gen. F. E. Spinner, and matters 
were soon adjusted, whereby we received six months' pay. 
Through the general's kind influence, we received our 
Enfield rifles and turned in the Austrians, consigning them 
to utter oblivion. 

On April 21st, we packed up and embarked on board 
the steamer John A. Warner, a one-half open deck. At 
5 a. m., the 2 2d, we steamed down the river, arriving at 
Norfolk, 12 p. m. The day was pleasant as we sailed 
dowrn the Potomac, viewing Mt. Vernon, the home of the 
immortal Washington. A cold east rain descended all 
night, soaking those who were quartered on the open deck, 
and laying a foundation for rheumatism and fever. The 
boat having turned around upon its arrival at Norfolk, 
the men were utterly confused as to the direction we 
came, until the compass was consulted. We remained on 
the boat until 4 p. m. when we boarded a gravel train, 
bonnd for Suffolk, Ya. The contrabands swarmed around 
the train, offering for sale fried oyster pies and fried fish. 
We arrived at Suffolk after dark and marched through the 
city, obtaining quarters in a church, where we sweltered 
and slept in our wet clothing until 4 a. m. We were 
then ordered in line and quickly" marched out of the city 
to take part in a reconnoisance. We were assigned the 
position of supporting a battery, while the advance pickets 
skirmished in the woods beyond. 

Many times thereafter we were assigned to the same 
duty, and have had it demonstrated as an actual fact, 
that it is far more preferable, to support a wife and six 
children than a six gun battery at thirteen dollars per 
month. Night coming on, we returned to the church. 



It had not ceased raining since it commenced on the night 
of the 22d. On the 25th we rolled out of our wet blankets. 
The sun shone brightly and we soon enjoyed dry garments. 
Connected with the church was a graveyard. The graves 
were dug very shallow and walled with brick, extending 
above the surface of the ground; upon the wall was placed 
the tombstone, forming the cover. Evidently the greater 
the wealth of the deceased the higher the wall was built 
ranging from one foot to fourteen. Underlying the sandy 
soil a few feet was a brackish water. The weather be- 
came mild, the grass growing, and fruit trees in bloom. 

Malarial fever made its appearance, and in a few days 
after our arrival the regimental hospital was filled. 


Gen. Longstreet. Siege of Suffolk. Fight of May 3d. Escape. Blark Water 
Raids. Stealing a Railroad. Great Dismal Swamp. A Paralized Regi- 
ment. Charge of the Mounted Rifles. Ned Buntline. Heavy Skirmish- 
ing. A Bloodthirsty Vet. Capture of a Smoke-House. Our Chaplain. 
Geese, Chickens and Pork. A Horse ! a Horse ! my Greenbacks for a 
Horse ! Peninsular Campaign. Sickness and Death. Hampton Roads. 


PON our arrival at Suffolk we found that Gen. Long- 
street had the city almost surrounded with a force of 
30,000 men, and was endeavoring to capture it hy 
storm and siege. Gen. Peck had placed it in a state of 
defence during the previous winter with a force of 13,000 
men. Longstreet operated against Little Washington. 
Gen. Peck divided his forces to circumvent him, when Long- 
street rapidly crossed the black w T ater, moving toward the 
Nansemond, with the intention to cross it, enter the city, 
and capture Fortress Monroe. Gen. Peck telegraphed to 
Admiral Lee for gunboats. Longstreet being: foiled, he 
abandoned the attempt, and sat down for a regular siege. 
Getty's division held the river nine miles and prevented 
the enemy from crossing. On the iSth of April the 
enemy planted a battery at Hill's Point, nine miles down 
the river. A detail of 2S0 men of the 89th N. Y. and 
8th Conn, steamed down the river and ran the boat 
aground. They waded ashore and formed a line, charg- 
ing the battery, capturing 137 men and. five cannon. On 
Sunday, the 26th, our regiment, with the 99th N. Y., 
10th Jersey, 19th Wis., and 9th Vermont, proceeded to 
the river; the skirmish line advanced to the bridge, when 
the firing became quite warm. The 99th N. Y. crossed 
the bridge, supported by the balance of the brigade. The 



99th advanced on the double quick and received a galling 
and withering fire. Falling flat upon their faces they 
kept up a continual fire until night, when they retired 
from the field. In this affair five were killed and forty 

On the 27th we were assigned to Gen. Alfred Terry's 
brigade. The next four days we were in battle array from 
3 a. m. until sunrise, expecting an attack. 

Sunday, May 3d, we crossed the Nansemond in force 
with 5,000 men. In this encounter Col. Ringgold, 103d 
N. Y., was mortally wounded, and several officers and 
men killed. We lay on our arms ready for action until 
6 p. m. On the 4th the cavalry advanced and found that 
Longstreet had given us the slip, and was now at Chan- 
cellorsville where our oldest "twin," the 121st N. Y., met 
with a terrible slaughter. 

During our stay at Suffolk a blood-thirsty individual, 
who could not wait the general routine of business, pro- 
ceeded, with musket in hand, without permission, down 
to the river. He entered the breastworks and scanned 
the horizon for a greyback. From out of the bowels of the 
earth a minnie ball came humming a sad tune, inflicting a 
severe scalp wound, greatly diminishing the blood-thirsty 
feelings of the warrior. 

On the night of May 13th Col. Ferguson, in command 
of his own and the 167th Pa. proceeded with nine other 
infantry regiments to Carrsville, arriving there at 6 a. m. 
We proceeded to load the rails of the Roanoke & Seaboard 
RR. on wagons, sending them to Suffolk. 

The skirmish line advanced, driving the enemy into the 
forest. At night the men lay on their arms amid a drench- 
ing rain. At midnight our command was moved to a 
cornfield for the purpose of supporting the battery of the 
4th regulars. The night was one of inky darkness. 



The morning of the 1 5th dawned clear and cold. Heavy 
skirmishing commenced and was kept up all day. Quiet 
reigned during the night and the morning dawned brightly ; 
the weather extremely hot. Brisk tiring was kept up, and 
the day closed with heavy infantry firing, skirting the 
ridge in our front, the batteries belching forth a shower 
of shells. In this campaign we became associated with 
the 1st N. Y. Mounted Rifles, a regiment of selected men, 
who were recruited along the line, from the plains of 
Kansas to Jersey City. They became well-known for 
their many dashing and daring exploits, and the most suc- 
cessful foragers in that branch of the service. .Among 
the officers was a son of Rev. H. W. Beecher, Capt. Edward 
Z. C. Judson, alias Ned Buntline, the novelist. Sergt. 
Johnson, a son-in-law to a Sioux chief, from the plains of 
Kansas, was a conspicuous character. Sergt. H. Clay 
Hall, who had seen service in the war with Mexico, served 
three years with that notable regiment. After the war he 
became resident of Herkimer County, and a lawyer of 
extraordinary ability, one of the foremost in the profession. 

On the 17th a company of the Mounted Rifles, com- 
manded by Sergt. H. C. Hall, was directed to advance 
on the enemy's outposts, and drive them in. A Penn- 
sylvania regiment which had lately arrived on the field, 
was ordered in line to support the Rifles. The command- 
ant of the Pennsylvanians did not seem to understand the 
order. They were all Dutch, and had enlisted for nine 
months, with the understanding and promise of the re- 
cruiting officers, that they were to return at the end of 
their time without a scratch. While the blabbering was 
going on in their native tongue. Gen. Terry, deeming it 
essential that the cavalry should have some support, or- 
dered. the 153d N. V. in line; they advanced over the line 
of the Pennsylvanians, driving the enemy out of sight. 




One night a detail as silent as the sons of Momus left 
the camp of the Mounted Rifles, and with muffled spurs. 
proceeded to the outskirts of a large plantation a few 
miles from camp. Entering a lonesome and dismal forest, 
they unearthed a smoke house which was hidden in the 
dense foliage. Dismounting, they proceeded to transfer 
the ham and bacon across the pommels of their saddles. 
Arriving in camp they disposed of their booty in a care- 
less manner. The camp guard of the 99th and I52d N, Y., 
scenting the smoked pork with natural instinct, crawled 
on their hands and knees, and, seizing the plunder, they 
conveyed it to their quarters and buried it out of sight, 
leaving the Rifles one ham for breakfast. 

On the 1 8th we received orders to march at a moment's 
warning. At 2 p. m. we fell back to the deserted house. 
The 170th N. Y., which was marching in column and 
parallel with the 10th N. J., came to a front and fired 
into the ranks of the Jerseymen through a thicket, killing 
and wounding several. 

On the 20th we arrived at Windsor, on the Norfolk 
& Petersburg- RR. Here we had some skirmishing, and 
on the 29th returned to Suffolk, having taken up twenty 
miles of track, and lodged it safely in Norfolk. 

On the black water marches strict orders had been is- 
sued not to take any more forage than we could carry. 
The result was the pigs, geese and roosters came into 
camp and quietly and demurely awaited their turn to enter 
the broiling, kettle. Our chaplain was a whole-souled, 
genial and well-disposed man. He looked after the spir- 
itual and moral welfare of the men, and assisted in distrib- 
uting the mail and making himself generally useful in 
many ways. He was rather inclined to fleshiness, weigh- 
ing nearly two hundred pounds. Consequently, marching 
was an arduous task through this hot, sandy and arid 



climate. One day he exclaimed in the language of King 
Richard : A horse ! a horse ! my greenbacks for a horse ! 
if you can't find a horse drive in a mule. A horse was 
brought in which the chaplain accepted out of pity for 
the frame, he being a believer in the Society for the Pre- 
vention of Cruelty to Animals. 

The vegetable market of Suffolk was supplied by women, 
who drove a bull or cow hitched before a two-wheeled 

On June 2nd, we re-crossed the black water, and after 
reconnoitering seven days returned to camp. Col. Fur- 
guson left us on the fifth of June. His health being greatly 
impaired, he was obliged to ask for a leave of absence. 

The next ten days, was spent in camp, breathing the 
hot and foul miasmatic gases arising from the great dis- 
mal swamp. On the 19th we proceeded to Norfolk by 
rail, thence to Yorktown by steamer, and went into camp 
on a high and airv bluff. After recruiting our strength, 
and caring for the sick, we proceeded on the road to White 
House Landing. On the march we halted to hear the 
news from Gettvsburg. We proceeded slowly through 
the many drenching showers, oft-times filling the narrow 
roads with water knee deep. The cavalry led the advance, 
and after manv davs of toil arrived at Bottoms Bridge 
about ten miles southwest of Richmond. On the 4th 
day of July the people of the North were electrified with 
a dispatch passing over the wires that the army of Gen. 
John A. Dix had entered Richmond. The future proved 
that we had six hundred and forty days of trials and hard- 
ships to encounter, before the stars and stripes would 
" once more wave" over the capital of Secession. 

Fever and diarrhoea were constantly deciminating our 
ranks, and filling the hospitals. Hampton hospital had 
85 men members of the 153d N. Y. Many of the boys 



died, and were buried with military honors, on the banks 
of the Hampton river, overlooking the waters where the 
Monitor and Merrimac fought their battle. 

On the 8th day of July, we marched twenty-one miles 
on our return to Yorktown. The second day we arrived 
at Williamsburg, and viewed the old buildings that have 
stood since the days of John Smith and Pocahontas. The 
third day we arrived at Yorktown, making the "home 
stretch," a distance of fourteen miles, without a halt, with 
feet boiled, blistered and sore. 


This was the name given to all reports, both true and 
false. Newspapers being scarce, the men themselves sup- 
plied the deficiency by manufacturing harmless stories 
which had a tendency to create peace and harmony. Their 
circulation was rapid, and before the death of one, another 
was born. Often they would issue forth without form or 
void, and before exploding would arrive at maturity. 
Native wit and constant practice were the means used in 
formulating the many variations. 

Two old vets would loiter down to the stream, where 
were gathered members from various regiments, who were 
engaged in cooking, washing clothes, &c. 

The following colloquy, with many variations, were an 
hourly occurrence. 

fjt/i Mass. Hello, comrade ! Heerd any news this 


iSjtk Pa. Wall, yes, a little ; I hearn one of our officers 
tells as how we was goin to Washington. 

jth Mich. Tell that to the marines ; that story's dead 
and buried; it can't reserrect ; ground 'round here ain't 
rich nuff yet. 


184th Pa. Wall, it soon will be, if we have any more 
fights, an our ductor says its mighty onhealthy too. He's 
a good ductor, he is, he larned his trade in Philadelphia, 
he did. 

19th Me. I say, you feller "over there," if you want 
to hear any rale ginoine chin, jest you come over in our 
camp. We've got a feller that makes it by the yard. 

jth W. Va. Yes, we've heerd tell of you 'uns, yere 
chin is like these government pants. 

igth Me. How's that ? 
• jth W. Va. Pure shoddy. 

59th N. Y. I say there, you fellars don't know good 
chin from poor. My pard ken make either kind. 

J2d Pa. How does he do it ? 

59th, N. Y. Easiest thing in the world ; he reads the 
New York Herald and draws his own conclusions. 

36th Wis. Haw, Haw, Ha, he does, does he; wall, we 
Western men never larnt to draw. 

42 d N. Y. Say, hold on boys, yere cums two fellers 
from the 15 2d N. Y.; they do say some of their chin's 

19th A/ass. Well you go fer 'im, and find out heow 
they get it. 

42d N. Y. Hello, there, hundred and fifty toothless, 
what's the chin this mawniri? 

i$2d N. Y. Oh, nothin' much ; but I guess we're goin' 
to move. 

69th Pa. How'd you know that ? 

i$2d N. Y. How, why we've got a feller in our regi- 
ment that gets news straight from Ginerl Grant. 

20tk Mass. Too thin; can't swaller that; wuss than 
them last hard-tack. 



i$2dN. Y. Well, you snicker; I tell you it's so, but 
this mornin' he won't tell a gual durned word, but he says 
there's suthin up and plenty of music in the air. 

jtk W. Va. Say, boys, I know him ; he's a little feller, 
ain't he, 'bout 5 ft. 4 in. ? 

1521I N. Y. Yes, 'bout that. 

jgtk N. Y. I knowed him 'fore the war ; he's square 
toed, he is. 

yth W. Va. He told me oncet when we was picketed 
in front of Fort Hell. 

All. Well, how is it? ±755 ~ 

jlh W. Va. Well, you see, he knows a feller from 
Albany, whar he used to live ; he b'longs over thar in 
the 6th corps, 43d N. Y. This feller's name is Castell, 
and he's got a brother that b'longs to the 5th N. Y. cav- 
alry, them, you knows, is Gineral Grant's body guard. 
Wall, you see, Charley gets the news from Tuni, his brother,, 
and then tells his friends. 

152a 1 N. Y. Yes, that's it; he gets the 7100s, but won't 
tell no one till about two days 'fore it happens ; he is 
afraid Grant 'ill get onto the racket and arrest him fer 

82d N. Y. Yes, and you bet he'd do it to. 

jth Mich. Say, boys, here he comes now ; he's got his 
pard with him ; that red wiskered feller they call Leiv. 

igth Maine. Yes, I know him ; he'd rather fight than 

igtk Maine. Hello, there, pard ; ain't killed yet, are ye. 

Lew. No, hide's too tough, bullets glance off. 

igtk Me. How about your pard, there; they do say 
he kin dodge a bullet. 

L,ew. Yass, I seed him oncet; that's a fact. 

igth Me. Is that true bout his being a spy and goin^ 
over the Johnny's lines? 



Lew. Wall, he skins outen camp lots of times and 
always fetches back lots of news. 

59th N. Y. They say he got ketched oncet. 

20th Mass. How's that Yorker; know anything about it? 

Lew. Well, no ; you see he never tells nothink himself, 
but it leaks out some way. Since he quit spyin' he's mum. 

184th Pa. What made him quit? 

Lew. I dunno, but the fellers that was on the picket 
line that night, says the fust thing they knowed they hearn 
a terrible report, and lookin' up they sawed a camp kettle 
a lodgin* in the tree overhead, and my pard slidin' down 
the tree like greased lightenen and head first. 

36th Wis. Say, what 'ed the camp kettle to do with it 
anyway ? 

Lew. Why, you see, when the Johnnies loaded him in 
the cannon, some galoot jest afore that had hung a camp 
kettle over the mouth of the cannon. My pard here 
reached out and.grabbed the bail jest as they fired. 

igth Mass. By the way, did ye hear any news from 
him this mornin' ? 

Lew. Well, yes, but he wants me to keep it quiet ; 
but I don't mind tellin' you. If it leaks out, half the offi- 
cers 'ell git fer the hospitals. Hancock's got orders to 
move up to Deep Bottom and give the Johnnies a brush. 

12th Jersey. Say, you 153d feller, I got a letter from 
one of your fellers yesterday. I helped him off 'em the 
field at Spottsylvania. He wants you to write to York- 
town, Ya. Durned if I know what that meant, that Ya. 

i$2d A 7 ". Y. Why, that stands for Yirginia. 

12th Jersey. Shaw, it does, don't it. I allers tout 
Yorktown was on the Perninsuler. 

152a 1 N. Y. What's his name, do you know? 

12th Jersey. Yess, its Mack Shea, I believe; his front 
name is Pat. 




i$2dN. Y. Yes. we know him; he shot nine rebs 
oncet at one shot. * - 

1 2th Jersey. How ? 

ij2d N. Y. Why, he loaded his gun with a double 
charge and left in his ram rod and sent it through a line 
of men who was comin' off picket. 


36th Wis. Hello, thar, toothless, what the news? 

Ij2d A. Y. Another move. Certain sure. 

igth Mass. Heow dye know? 

ij2d A r . Y. Found it out by signs. 

184th. What's the row over in your camp last night? 

i$2d"N. y. Oh, nothin' much. A feller got tied up. 

2dN. Y. What fer? 

i$2d N. Y. Goin' out of camp. 

igth Mass. Where'd he go? 

i$2d N. Y. 'Bout rive miles up in the 5th corps. 

36th Wis. Was he after news ? 

i$2d N. Y. Yes, and went to see his brother. 

36th Wis. We fellers untied him and sent him back 
to his bomb-proff. 

igth Mass. What made ye do that ? 

36th Wis. That officer of the day tied him to a stump 
three feet over the line in our camp. 

1 32 ci A T . Y. Well, he's a lucky feller anyway, 

36th Wis. Yes, you bet if them seven sisters 'ed got 
to firin' he'd got hit. 

i$2d N. Y. Shaw, he ain't afeerd of them. 

184th Pa. Ain't he? 

No; he's put in every day right up to the front since 
we've jin'd the fightin'. 

36th Wis. Ever get hit ? 

i$2dX. Y. Oncet wounded in the coat sleeve. 



igth Me. Say, you fellers, gittin any recruits nowa- 

ij2ci N. Y. A few. Here comes one now ; let's 
- have some fun. 

5Qtk A 7 ". Y. Hello, youngster ! Hews all the folks to 
l hum. 

Recruit. Well, ma wasn't very well, and dad had the 
lumatics ; Sal, she was tuk with a fever, and Bill cut his 
toe, splitten' wood. The old dog Touser got mad, and 
the cow broke in the corn, and old Dobbin the mare, lost 
her colt, and kicked uncle Jim in the stomach. Moll, 
she's got a kid, and her man listed in the cavalry, an got 
killed, Jennie died, and Lew is went of to war. 

59th N. Y. Well, I declare, that is a hull chapter of 
accidents. How come you to enlist ? I should think you 
ought to staid hum and took care off the family. 

Recruit. Well, boys, ye see, they wanted me too, but, 
says I, dad, you let me 'list, and go to war, an' I'll take 
the bounty money and buy the corner lot, and pay up the 
mortgage on this one. Ye see, old Perkins get to crowd- 
in' us fer the interest, and fer all the bad luck, we run 
behind. Old Perkins got four sons, and they all got 
grafted, and says I, Perk., old boy, I tell ye how I can help 
ye out'en the scrape. Says he, young feller, you better go 
home and mind yere bisness. Look a here, old man, says 
I, there's your Zach, Tom, Abe and Sam all grafted, says 
L Yes, says he, and bawled right out, it'll cost me eight 
thousand dollars to hire "substitutes, and I airit worth but 
ten thousand, and substitutes are allfired scarce, sa\'s he ; 
they'll be wanten four thousand dollars apiece next week. 
Now, old man, says I, you know I aint got much larnin', 
but you jest give over that mortgage, and a good square 
deed fer the corner lot, and I'll get your boys all clear. 



How you going to do it, says he ; that's my patent, says I ; 
that'll take more 'en half I'm worth, says he ; all right, says 
I, ye won't want any, if a rebel bullet bores a hole in each 
of your boy's heads, eh, old man. Come, what do ye say, 
says he, I'll do it ; kerect, says I ; draw the ritins. Well, 
you see the next four days I was allfired busy. The first 
day, I listed fer Zach, and got credited and sent to camp, 
the next day I shaved up a little, and come back and 
listed for Tom. The next two days I fixed up as a tramp, 
and jumped fer the other two. 

Jpt/i, N. Y, Was any body in the secret but you ? 

Recruit. Nary one, but the recrutin' officer; I gin him 
ten dollars, to hush up. 

59th, N. Y. Where'd you fellers learn so much, way 
back in the woods. 

Recrtiit. Oh, we read the New York Herald. 

5<)th y N. Y. Well, what you goin' to do down here? 

Recruit. Stand up for a mark to be shot at in course. 

59th, N. Y. Aint ye afeerd you'll get killed ? 

Recruit. Oh, no, I told dad I would rather get killed 
down here, and chawed up, than live long side of them 
patriotic Perkins's who was afraid to fite. Anyhow a 
man can't die until his time cums, can he ? 

jgt/i A r . Y. Well, yes, sometimes, when he aint ready. 

Recruit. Well, I'm ready, cause I've got all old Per- 
kins's money, and if I live, I'll buy the balance of the 



Surgeon. Well, my young boy, your fever is getting 
-along finely. You have had a hard siege, but will recover, 
and byextra care when you return to your home, you will 
be apparently a sound man. The articles of war require all 


men who remain sick in hospital sixty days, to be dis- 
charged from the service ; your's will arrive in a few days. 

Soldier. But sir, I don't want my discharge. I want to 
go with the boys to the front. 

Surgeon. Impossible, sir, the exposure and extra 
fatigue which you would have to undergo would create a 
complication of kidney and rheumatism which would 
trouble you during life. 


Wanted ! Recruits to fill up old Regiments. All those 
who have been discharged from the service on account of 
wounds or disease will be kindly dealt with and stand a 
good chance for promotion. 


Steward. Doctor, that case of John Raker's, bed No. 
16, requires your attention. You know he had a 
hard run of fever and diarrhoea, afterward dropsy sat in : 
he seems now to be in a worse condition. Would it not 
be policy to remove him to his home, where he might re- 
ceive more care, from a loving wife and mother, than it is 
possible for us to give him ? 

Surgeon. Oh, I guess he'll pull through; just wait a 
week or two ; in the meantime increase his whisky punch, 
that will brace him up. We will keep them all here, and 
possibly will be able to return one-half for duty, for the 
spring campaign. 


Surgeon. Steward, make a detail of 30 per cent, of 
your ward to return to their regiments. 

Steivard. Sir, it is impossible ; 40 per cent, are unable 
to walk or sit up ; 30 per cent, are totally disabled from 
wounds, the balance are walking about. Tis true, but 
each man has a leaden bullet in his system, or is 
wounded severely otherwise. 



Surgeon. It matters not, they can be of more use at 
the "front" than here ; probably many wish to go ; send 
them at once. 


Time, June 22, 1864. 8 a. m. 

Surgeon Gen. Sergeant, detail three squads to con- 
duct these men to their respective brigades. 

Fall in for examination, and all who are able to walk 
report at once to your respective regiments. 

Sergeant. Attention! Right dress ! Front face ! Gen- 
eral, the men are ready for examination. 
Surgeon . What's the matter with you ? 

Hit in the stomach with a glance ball. 
You'll go, likely a codfish ball. Next! 
A scalp wound, sir. 
Hurt the brain anv? 
Never had any, sir 


er" I wouldn't been. 



catched here. 

Surgeon. Next ! 
Soldier. Bullet in my arm, sir. 
Git. Next! 

Shot thro' both calves of legs, sir. 
Walk. Next! 
Spent ball hit me in the foot. 
March. Next ! 

Wounded at Gettysburg, sir ; whole muscle of 
my arm blowed away. 

Surgeon. Blow him along. 

Soldier. I won't stay. 

Surgeon. You wont, " eh," you've dead beated too long 
now. Next ! 

Soldier. Deaf, sir, cannon roared so. 

Surge 071. 







Surgeon. Git, so much the better ; you won't hear of 
your death. Next ! 

Soldier. Wounded in the coat sleeve, and waitin' to be 
sent to my Regiment ; boys are all out of terbacker, and I 
got lots. 


Zip, ping, zip, zip, zip, ping, bang, zip. 

Guard. Say, you fellers, you kin find your regiments 
now, no use of us goin' any ferder, is thar ? 

Soldier. Yes. come along and see a little fun. 

Guard. Oh, we've seed lots of that upon the peninsu- 
]er wid little Mac, and wid Fiten Joe and Burnside. 

Soldier. Pshaw, that's nothing to the fun we have 
now; Grant's the General fer ye, you fellers didn't know 
how to fite them days. 

Gtiard. Well, I know, but you see we've got a soft 
job now, and don't want to risk nothink. Thar is yere 
line now, and if it wasn't fer this side hill, we maut git 

Soldier. All right, save yere bacon, can't blame ye. 


Yankee. Hello, Johnny, got any 'bacco over there. 

Rebel. Lots ; come over and trade ; got any coffee ? 

Yank. A little ; come half way. 

Rebel. All right ; say, Yank, them 5th corp fellers used 
ter trade us biled coffee grounds, arter bein' dried in the 

Yank. Yes, heerd tell about it ; thems Connecticut 
troops; brought up that way ; allers sold wooden nutmegs 
and bass wood punkin seeds tew hum. Never catch 
York troops being so all tired mean. 



Rebel. Aint all Yanks alike ? 

Yank. Oh, no, vve get in from all over the world. 

Rebel. How long will it take we'uns to lick you'uns ? 

Yank. Well, about forty years, I reckon. 

Rebel. Gin's to look like it ; say, where'd you get all 
them cattle we'uns took from you'uns. 

Yank. Pshaw, that wasn't a grease spot ; we didn't 
miss'em ; got millions ov'em. 

Rebel. Wall, I reckon I'll come over and jine you. 



Trip to New York. Major O'Brien. The Riot. Broadway by Gaslight. Bay- 
onets and the Mob. Hanging Negroes. The Dralr. Substitutes. Science 
of Bounty Jumping. French Furloughs. Contract Rations. Hard Fare. 
Fort Schuyler. Trip to Schenectady. Green Militia from Way Back. 
Boiled Murphy's Return. Plug Uglies. Provost Duty The Raw Boned 
Lady Broker. Imitation Greenbacks. Escape in Female Attire. Exemp- 
tion. Voting Early and Often. Ordered to the Front. The Last Square 
Meal. The Great Tramp Act. Eight Days' Rations. 

i^ULY the nth we embarked on two steamers. The 
/JJ boat with Major O'Brien was the first to arrive at 
Washington. Orders came to proceed at once and 
join the Army of the Potomac. The Major ordered the 
men to stack arms, justly refusing to obey the order, on 
the grounds that his superior officer, with the balance of 
the regiment, had not arrived. When the next boat ar- 
rived with Lieut. Col. Thompson, the heavy storm had 
swept away the railroad bridge, cutting off communication 
with the army. Orders arrived from the war department 
to proceed to New York City to asssist in quelling the 
riot. At Philadelphia we met Col. Ferguson, who as- 
sumed command of the regiment. 

On the 1 6th we landed at Pier I, North river, amid the 
angry demonstrations of the mob. They quailed upon 
viewing our veteranized condition ; and with bayonets fixed 
we marched up Broadway by gaslight, and were quartered 
in the Colored People's Church, on Mulberry street. 

Gen. Brown instructed the Colonel to give the mob cold 
steel and lead, if iiijany way interfered with. Under or- 
ders from Gen. Brown we proceeded up town in quest of 
arms and ammunition, which had been taken from the LL 



S. Armory, the rioters following, turbulent as ever. As 
we entered the armory the mob gathered around the build- 
ing, with howls and shouts of derision. A few hand 
grenades were thrown upon the pavement. The explosion 
caused them to disperse. We searched six buildings and 
found eighty muskets and carbines, and arrested nine 
men, returning to the church at 6 a. m. 

The absence of the militia at the front had caused the 
worst population of the city to arise in a body, under the 
pretence that they were opposed to the draft. Their pur- 
pose was to riot, rob, plunder, murder and destroy. The 
Orphan Asylum for Colored Children was burned to the 
ground. There were one hundred and fifty negroes hung 
to trees and lamp posts. Col. O'Brien, of the 1 55th N. Y. 
V. in some way incurred the displeasure of the mob. He 
was killed and his body dragged through the streets. Stores 
were sacked of their contents, buildings were fired, and 
many innocent men trampled to death by the infuriated 
demons. Two rioters chased the colored servant of Capt. 
David Hill within the enclosure of the regiment, where- 
upon the Captain drew his sword, and, like Peter of old, 
hacked off the rioter's ear. 

Small squads of rioters kept up a demonstration several 
days, but were invariably conquered. Afterwards this 
class of men engaged in the profitable vocation of bounty 
jumping, effecting a "combine" with the "brokers," who 
would assist them and manage an escape, repeating the 
operation, thereby filling the quota with paper soldiers. 

There were three thousand special policemen appointed 
to preserve order, but as a rule they made few arrests. A 
band was organized to sack, rob and plunder the homes 
of the merchant princes, bankers and millionaires in the 
vicinity of Gramercy Park, Stuyvesant Park and other 
places of wealth. Our timely arrival, in connection with 


a brass battery from Governor's Island, which mowed a 
swath through the dense mob, caused them to desist and" 

Connected with the regiment were ten or twelve col- 
ored servants. Upon our arrival at Camden a delegation of 
Quakers approached the Colonel, saying : Colonel, we trust 
thee will not take thy colored men to New York ; for 
; verily we believe the enemy will encompass them and 

hack off their limbs, and destroy their bodies from off the 
face of the earth ; many have been so destroyed and more 
have fled the city. The Colonel replied : Friends, our 
servants as well as ourselves have passed through the fire 
of war and have been tried in the furnace, and have not 
been found wanting. Our trade for the present is war, 
for the purpose of conquering a peace ; thanking you for 
your kind interference, we shall proceed upon our way, 
with a brave and strong heart, trusting in the God of 
Battles, who cares and watches over all. 

Several convalescents arrived from Fort Monroe. They 
had encountered a severe storm on the Chesapeake Bay, 
which continued ninetv-six hours. The rations issued were 
enough for one day, but the steward sold one biscuit and 
a cup of tea for fifty cents. All expected to go to the 
bottom with the crazy old ferry-boat. 

After the riot had cooled down the boys visited their 
homes; some with permission, and others without. The wife 
of one member came down and fetched him home, hiding 
him for several months, when she sold him to the sheriff 
for one-half of the fee. He returned in sfood order. There 
were a few who deserted and joined other branches of the 
service, some in the cavalry and artillery ; not liking their 
new vocation, their hearts yearned for their father's house, 
and they sent for their officers to reclaim them. 



Major George Spalding visited the regiment. He had 
resigned his commission at Suffolk, and was now connected 
with four large military clothing stores. 

The contractor who supplied our rations, or the so-called 
food, was fast becoming a millionaire, in the same ratio as 
we became walking skeletons. Col. Ferguson, knowing 
the great power of the press, invited the reporters of the 
JV. Y. Herald to partake of and inspect the stuff. The 
result was we received wholesome food the balance of our 
stay at the metropolis. 

July 31st we marched down Broadway and embarked 
on board a steamer and arrived at Fort Schuyler, East 
River. While engaged in loading muskets on a wagon 
one was discharged, the bullet shattering the leg of Edgar 
Paddock, Co. E, disabling him for life. We gathered 
clams and oysters along the beach at low tide and enjoyed 
a luxurious breakfast. 

On August 8th we packed up and embarked for the 
City of Schenectady, N. Y. The draft for that district 
had been ordered, and the city authorities, to preserve peace, 
had emigrated a green militia company from some way 
back town. The citizens of that loyal burgh became 
greatly incensed at the direct insult, and expressed their 
feelings with great vehemence. The growling and grumb- 
ling was mistaken by the Common Council for an outbreak 
on account of the draft. We were immediately sent for, 
and upon our arrival the matter was explained and adjusted 
to the satisfaction of all parties by sending the Home 
Guards away from the city. Through some blunder or 
misunderstanding we were quartered in a hotel yard, sur- 
rounded by a high fence. The dinner hour having arrived,, 
rations of boiled potatos were served, and brought in the 
yard in washtubs. We at once entered a violent protest 
by pelting the people on the street with the boiled Mur- 


phies, and proceeded to tear down the fence. The Pro- 
vost Marshal sensibly conferred with the Mayor of the 
city, when we were at once marched to a first-class hotel 
•and treated like men with all the rights of citizenship. 

On the 1 2th we hastened hack to New York, stopping 
at the Albany barracks until the 13th. We located at 45 
Worth street among the plug uglies of the old sixth ward. 
Gen. Can by assumed command of the city, and by request 
of the citizens residing near Stuyvesant Park, we moved 
in the park for the purpose of protecting property in that 
vicinitv during the second attempt to enforce the draft. 
The liberty of the city was granted to all when off duty. 

About the middle of September headquarters were re- 
moved to the battery near Castle Garden, the companies 
being detailed for duty at the several Provost Marshals' 
offices in the city and Brooklyn. The bounty brokers at 
once made offers to the men to jump the bounty, agreeing 
to give one-half of the proceeds at Bridgeport, Conn., that 
district paying seven hundred dollars. They agreed to see 
us safe back to our regiment. The offer was not accepted. 

A youth with a simple mind who had a spite against his 
company officers, strayed in an uptown office, disguised 
as a citizen. He invested the $300, buying a large brass 
watch. While awaiting transportation at the battery, he 
was recognized by his captain, but refused to confess to 
his identity until threatened by hanging to the nearest 

The County of New York raised by a general tax three 
hundred dollars for the drafted man or his substitute, and 
if the drafted ones personally hired the subs for one hun- 
dred dollars, they pocketed the difference. 

The brokers done a good business, paying from fifty to 
three hundred dollars. A class was enlisted who would 
rob the green recruits, fixing them with opium and whisky. 




Their depredations were committed on Riker's Island and 
on the journey to Alexandria, Va., where they would ef- 
fect an escape and repeat the operation as often as pos- 
sible. A German conducted the business on a large scale, 
he having sub-brokers in his employ to furnish men. He 
also dealt in cheap watches and "imitation greenbacks." 

One raw-boned lady of Celtic origin ran in several hus- 
bands and deposited the bounty in her capacious bosom 
to save until after the war, and with a whoop and yell would 
depart saying, "here goes for another husband." 

In a Brooklyn office the first recruit obtained received 
the whole bounty and was confined under guard to await 
the boat to convey him to Riker's Island, East River. 
His two sisters gained admission to bid the boy a last 
farewell. They continued their visit until the shades of 
•evening began to darken the room, and with a parting 
wail of agony, which caused the guard to shed a sympa- 
thetic tear, three sisters passed out. The bird had flown 
transformed into one of the female sex. The worst feature 
of the case was, the young man was intimately acquainted 
with the Provost Marshal. 

. Many claimed exemption on the ground of alienship, 
although they had been known by the Marshal to have 
voted "early and often " at each and every election for the 
previous ten years. 

Being guests of the city, we attended Niblo's Garden 
and listened to the famous tragedian, Edwin Forrest. The 
Bowery, Wallack's and Tony Pastor's were patronized. 

We lost few by desertion, as the deputized escorts re- 
ceived thirty dollars reward for returning each man ; their 
honor being saved afterwards on many hard fought battle 
fields. A few sought protection under the balmorals of 
Oueen Victoria, crossing over to the land since occupied 
by the corrupt politicians and runaway bank officers. 



Oct. 13th orders were received to pack up and get read)" 
to move at a moment's notice. 

On the 14th .we steamed across Raritan Bay and boarded 
a train at Amboy. Arriving at Camden, 65 miles distant, 
we crossed the river and entered the cooper shop, where 
we ate the last grand square meal, while performing the 
great tramp act for Uncle Sam. 

A year had almost gone by since we first passed 
through the city. The scene is somewhat changed. The 
fond enthusiasm of former days has quieted. Joy has 
been turned to mourning. The battle of Gettysburg has 
been fought. The rebel army had invaded Northern soil. 
The widows and orphans now look down upon us with tears 
of sorrow. We arrived at the depot and boarded a cattle 
train. Our condition was nearly the same as the former 
occupants. They were sent to the front to be killed 
whenever the necessity of the occasion required it. Sleep- 
ing on our soft and ammoniac berths, we rolled along the 
endless rail, crossing Lons: Bridge at Washington, and 
awoke at Fairfax Station, eighteen miles below Alexan- 
dria, Va. Here we encountered the same old rain and 
mud, and the old vets lounging around the supply trains. 

Eight days' rations were issued, and we hurriedly packed 
a part of the viands in our haversacks, throwing away the 
pork, which contrasted fearfully with the dishes we had 
partaken at Delmonico's, the Revere House and other 
noted restaurants. Having such a good time in the city, 
w T e became like spoiled children, and imagined the govern- 
ment was going to feed us with a spoon, and carry the 
spoon. We soon collapsed from subjects that would grace 
a fat man's pic-nic party to the condition of race horses. 



Army of the Potomac. Second Army Corp. Brigade of the Old 34th N. Y. Vol. 
The Eagle Eyed General. Bristow Station. Bull Run. Short Rations. 
Commissary. Persimmons. Old Navy Plug. Execution of a Deserter. 
The Army Mule Fully Described. The Private Soldier. Shaving a Negro. 
Forgery. 121st N. Y. V. Forced March. Upton's Gallant Charge. Mor- 
tar and Pestle. Grinding Hardtack. Mine Run. Thanksgiving. Turkey 
Shoot. Brutus Caesar Clem. Warren's Judgment. Fall Back. Lost. 
Winter Quarters. Camp Life. Morton's Ford. Corp Drill. Grant and 
Hancock. Christian Commission. The Woman's Relief Corps. The Silent 
Camping Ground. Civilized Rations. California Joe. His Pard, George 
Morse. Prospects in View. The Fatal Bullet and Shell. 


PON our arrival we found that Gens. Meade and 
Lee had been playing a game of checkers, each try- 
ing to get a twist upon the other. They finally 
collided at Bristow Station Oct. 14. Gen. A. P. Hill 
charged the second corps, commanded by Gen. Warren. 
Our troops were snugly ensconsed behind the railroad em- 
bankment, and when the enemy charged they arose and 
fired one volley and then counter-charged across the plain, 
capturing 450 prisoners and five cannon. 

Lee being heavily reinforced, Meade fell back and for- 
tified Bull Run. Failing in his attempt to catch the eagle 
eved general, who was drawing him from his base, Lee re- 
tired upon the line of the Rappahannock, 

Proceeding on our journey we crossed Broad Run on 
the 20th three times, Kettle Run once, and Bull Run, where 
the Adjutant's horse reared, dropping him in the stream. 
We halted at Bristow Station and were assigned to the First 
Brigade, Second Division, Second A. C. The regiments 
comprising the brigade were the 15th, 19th and 20th Mass., 
19th Maine, 1st Minnesota, 43d, 59th and 82c! N. Y. V. 


The place we filled had been occupied by the old 34th N. 
Y. up to June 30th, 1863. They were known as Col. 
Suitor's boys and became famous for their extra fighting 
qualities. They were comprised of Herkimer County's 
best men. During their two years' service they were es- 
pecially selected and volunteered to perform many hazar- 
dous and daring exploits. At the expiration of their 
time of service for which they had enlisted the Army of 
the Potomac began operations to cross the Rappahannock 
and fight the battle of Chancellorsville May 2, 1S63. Al- 
though their time had expired, there was no movement 
made by the government to muster them out of the ser- 
vice. They remonstrated against this utter disregard of 
their rights as American citizens, whereupon the general 
commanding the brigade requested the regiment to stand 
by the old flag once more and enter the conflict as true 
and loyal men, and share the honor and glory with their 
late comrades in arms. They entered the battle and fought 
until the end, losing thirteen of their number. They 
were finally mustered out, but a majority re-enlisted, many 
choosing the Second N. Y. Mounted Rifles and the Sec- 
ond and Sixteenth N. Y. Heavy Artillery Regiments. 
The Albany and Troy companies mainly enlisted in the 
20th N. Y. Cavalry. 

Placed in this brigade the 15 2d N. Y. Vol. were des- 
tined to continue the laurels so nobly won by their pre- 
decessors. True, our number was greatly diminished. 
Not so much by the fatal bullet or shell, but by a far 
worse enemy, the dismal swamps and miasmatic region of 
Suffolk, Va. 

On the 23d we moved, camping the nextdav near War- 
renton, Ya. Our previous experience had not learned us 
the art of soldiering: in Northern Yiminia. We unloaded 
our stock of shoddy, which was well watered, trusting to 



fortune and a grateful Government for a new supply. We 
(rot left. Rations were growing small and appetites large. 
To supply the deficiency, we ate green persimmons, which 
had the effect to shrink the stomach, and make it fit the 
issue. Each persimmon, when eaten green, equaled an 
ounce of alum ; when ripe, the most delicious fruit known 
to mankind. The farm house in the vicinity was pro- 
tected by the Safe Guards, and whoever undertook to 
forage among the ungathered crops, was liable to be shot 
or arrested. The sutler had not appeared, in the unsettled 
state of the army, the risks taken being greater than the 
financial gain ; also the widow received no pension or 
honor in case of an untimely cut off. The boys who had 
money bought old navy plug from the teamsters at four 
dollars per pound. The commissary of subsistence sup- 
plied the officers with rations at wholesale prices. Pota- 
toes, one cent per pound ; sutler's price, ten to fifteen. 
We soon learned the art of forging orders for provisions 
for an officer's own use. The result was, a terrible raid on 
that department, until an order was read on dress parade 
prohibiting the officers from giving genuine orders unless 
for their own use. The privates were commanded to 
desist the practice of forgery under pain of punishment. 
The commissary received from the Quartermaster one 
barrel of whisky, reducing it with water and adding a plug 
of tobacco, making two kinds ; accounting for the one 
received, the balance was sold and invested in Government 
bonds for his own use. 

The general reader should have a more clear and definite 
explanation in honor of the much-abused army mule. He 
was a central figure in the suppression of the rebellion. 
He was the left bower of Uncle Sam, the private soldier 
being the right ; without him the game could not be 
played. The officers representing the kings, the Sanitary 


Commission and Women's Relief Corps the queens, the 
sutler the knave, made the full pack. 

Twenty-four thousand mules drew the regular supply 
train of the Army of the Potomac. Thousands more 
drew the wagons attached to corps, divisions, and brigades, 
headquarters the pontooniers and engineers. They con- 
veyed all stores from the base of supplies, and often 
marched beyond their strength. They would sleep stand- 
ing on all four corners, and were troubled by the extra 
fatigue, with the nightmare. Their shrill notes resounded 
nightly through the air, piercing the ears of the sleeping 
men. Their concerts were given free gratis, and enjoyed 
by all inanimate creatures. 

Each wagon was drawn by six mules ; the driver sat on 
the right hind mule, guiding the leaders with one line 
which was attached to a short iron rod, placed between 
the jaws of the leaders ; the quick yank or strong pull gave 
the direction. There has been no monuments erected in 
honor of the mule. His name is only known in poetry 
and prose. 

The private soldier underwent a greater amount of toil, 
compared to his strength, than the mule. The Govern- 
ment was quite liberal. The Quartermaster furnished a 
knapsack containing two suits of clothes and underwear ; 
one large overcoat and blanket extra heavy ; one rubber 
blanket, one shelter tent, one canteen holding three pints, 
a cartridge box and belt with cap box. The Ordnance 
Department issued forty rounds of ammunition, one rifled 
musket with bayonet. The Commissary often issued eight 
days' rations, which were carried in the haversack ; the tin 
pans, spider, quart cup and hatchet were hung on the out- 
side. Tins was a full-Hedged soldier, who presented a 
formidable appearance. 



On the 30th of October a private of the 15th Mass. 
was executed in the presence of the brigade. The brigade 
formed three sides of a hollow square. All who witnessed 
it can never forget the solemnity of the scene. At the 
foot of the hill the coffin was placed beside the grave. 
The provost guard entered the enclosure in charge of the 
doomed man, the band following, playing the Dead March. 
He walked with firm steps to the measured notes of the 
drum, anxiously peering to the right and left to see his 
destination. The guard halted ten paces from the grave 
and the prisoner was conducted to it, and knelt beside his 
coffin, while the Adjutant of each regiment read the warrant 
for his execution. Prayer was then offered by the Chap- 
lain. He was then seated on his coffin and blindfolded. 
Facing his executioners with folded hands, he received 
the volley and fell before them The brigade marched by 
the right flank, past the remains, that it might be reviewed 
as a warning against the penalty of desertion. 

A few days later, a negro teamster was marched through 
the lines of the division, the drum and fife corps playing 
the Rogue's March. One side of his head was shaved. 
His offence was selling whisky to soldiers; a good and 
just punishment for trying to tempt the children of his 
uncle, the use of which has destroyed more lives than 
all wars combined. Our stay at Warrenton was pleasant. 
The 1 2 1 st N. Y. was encamped in the vicinity. Relatives 
and friends associated together daily interchanging views 
upon the past, present and future. 

Saturday morning, November 7th, we fell in line on 
the road leading to Rappahannock Station, distant 25 
miles. Gen. Meade's objective point was to drive Lee 
across the river, and beyond the Rapidan. We crossed 
streams and fence wires, and moved along at a rapid rate. 
The 3d A. C. attacked at Kelly's ford, Berdan'ssharpshoot- 


ers leading the advance. The roaring of their cannon could 
be heard as we hastened on. We arrived too late at the 
Station to take a hand in the battle. Gen. Upton led the 
121st, and with Russell's brigade performed a brilliant 
charge, capturing 1,500 prisoners, 4 cannons and eight bat- 
tle flags. The result was, Lee withdrew his army to 
the south side of the Rapidan. A special roll call was 
ordered for the I52d N. Y., reporting no absentees. On 
the march, the older vets would straggle along the road, 
and when questioned by the Aid de Camp, as to what regi- 
ment they belonged, would invariably say the I52d N. \\ 

The next morning we moved in a* deserted rebel camp„ 
where we found a physician's mortar and pestle. We pro- 
ceeded to pound hardtack for the purpose of making pan- 
cakes and puddings. No musical instrument had a sweeter 
sound than that mortar and pestle. All day long and 
until "lights out" was sounded, could be incessantly 
heard, this grinding mill. The hardtack when soaked in 
water was often very tough, and about as easy to masti- 
cate as a vulcanized rubber boot, doubtless owing to the 
contract system. The breakfast generally consistedof hard- 
tack soaked in water, and then fried in pork fat. For dinner 
' we would reverse the order, frying them in grease,then soak- 
in»" them in water, making two distinct dishes. Ten tacks 
per day was a regular daily allowance, weighing a short 
pound, and if there was any left, they were worked up in 
a light repast for supper. 

One morning we were highly gratified to learn that our 
paymaster was in camp with a cord of greenbacks. Our 
disappointment was intense when it was discovered that 
the sheriff's fee for escorting those who had fallen in their 
hands while absent without leave, had been deducted from 
the amount on the pay rolls. The escorts who accom- 
panied the men on their hastened return had received 


their pay. The paymaster not having any orders to re- 
imburse the U. S. Treasury, refused to pay the regiment 
until the rolls were made out according to the statutes. A 
soldier was not considered a deserter until court-marshaled, 
tried and convicted. Men who were absent on sick fur- 
loughs, and confined to their' beds by disease, would, on 
the expiration of the furlough, be arrested. The sheriffs 
would scoop down upon the sick culprit and snatch him, and 
convey him, manacled, to the nearest provost marshal. 
A member of the Regiment, Co. G., who had been sick 
with fever and diarrhoea, at Suffolk, was subsequently 
sent to Chesapeake Hospital. The complaint left him 
with dropsy, when, becoming convalescent, he was fur- 
loughed for thirty days. A >enewal was granted, but at 
the expiration of the time he was much worse. A sheriff 
seized him and sent him to the front. After being con- 
fined in all the dismal and loathsome dungeons on the 
route, he was returned to the regiment a human wreck, 
and died three or four days after. 

The sutlers were more sorely disappointed than the 
men. They, like buzzards and sharks, had been flyin^ 
and swimming in our rear, ready to open a guerrilla war- 
fare on the depreciated currency of the men. The pay- 
day was deferred two months, when the rolls where made 
out in full, receiving four months' pay. The sutlers reaped 
a rich harvest. Sweat boards were organized, and monev 
changed hands. 

On Thanksgiving day, the 26th of November, we 
packed up and started amid a terrific rain storm. The 
roads became impassable for the trains ; we retired to cams. 
In the morning we slung knapsacks and penetrated the 
enemy's country. Crossing the Rapidan at Germania 
ford ; taking the road to Orange Court House via Robert- 
son's Tavern. On the march the column was halted, and 



the news from Chattanooga was read. The effect was inspir- 
ing, renewing courage and confidence among all the army. 
The nights were extremely cold and we began to realize 
a'soldier's life and thought of Bonaparte's men on the re- 
treat from Moscow. One afternoon we came to a halt 
and were ordered to load. Filing right we came to a front 
and double quickedupthe hill, where two outlying pickets 
fired, wounding Augustus Stere, Co. H, and Junius Brutus 
Caesar Clem. The bullet flattened when striking Mr. 
Clem's head, but drew a copious shower of Hamiltonian 
blood. Clem, panic stricken, descried a bee line to the 
rear, followed by the rest of the colored "chillum" with 
cooking utensils flying in the air. We captured the pickets 
and sent them under guard to the rear. We advanced 
through a deep forest that evening and through the long 
cold night. Evidently we were nearing the game so long 
sought after, and the morrow 7 would demonstrate whether 
the boys were to have a thanksgiving turkey shoot or not. 
On the morning of the 30th of November we found 
ourselves in line with the whole army, and confronting a 
most formidable breastwork of the enemy. The trees had 
been felled, with the limbs sharpened forming an impene- 
trable abatis. The order was given to charge at 8 a. m. 
Unslinging knapsacks we made all preparations. Many 
turned all private effects over to Chaplain Talbot, with 
the parting injunction to have them sent to mother or 
wife "if I fall." We awaited in suspense to start for the 
next world, for all believed it would be an utter impossi- 
bility to cross that apparent river of death. Gen. Baxter, 
commanding the brigade, addressed us with words of en- 
couragement, knowing full well that we had not as yet 
been baptized with fire. Five minutes of the time arrives. 
We await in suspense the signal gun from Gen. Meade's 
headquarters. In imagination the command to forward 


rushes through our brain. Gen. Warren appears on the 
scene accompanied by a single aid. He dismounts and 
surveys the rebel fortifications through his field glass. He 
remounts and speaks to his aid. I cannot send my men 
against those works if it costs me mv commission. Striking 
spurs to his horse he arrives at Meade's headquarters as 
the signal gun is fired. The right wing advances; heavy 
volleys are heard; ten minutes more and the cool judg- 
ment of Gen. Meade is shown. Warren has demonstrated 
to him the utter impossibility to accomplish anything but 
defeat. The judgment was proved the following month of 
May, when Gen. Grant failed to carry the works with a much 
larger force. We await for nightfall to retire, and are 
amused by tearing down a tannery. Fires were not al- 
lowed and we suffered from extreme cold. Some were 
carried off the field almost perished. Chaplain Talbot 
comes to the front with Co. E's large tin kettle filled with hot 
coffee and distributes to the regiment and adjacent troops. 

About seven o'clock at night we marched out by the 
flank to the woods at the rear. We struggled through 
the interminable thicket and impenetrable gloom and broke 
in two parts, but could not find the road until Lieut. Col. 
Thompson consulted his compass. Advancing along the 
road we met the lost portion coming back towards the 
enemy's works. They were soon righted and all proceeded 
back to camp across the Rapidan. 

The next day the rebel cavalry was seen hovering in 
our rear. We marched at quick-step, as no one wished a 
room at Hotel Libby. The long, dried wild grass was set 
on fire, burning the under brush and hiding our move- 
ments under cover of the dense black clouds of smoke 
which rolled heavenward. Woe unto the straggler who 
fell out ; if the guerilla did not gobble him the fire might 
consume and destroy him. 


We arrived near Stevensburg and threw out pickets. 
Col. Ferguson visited the camp and bid farewell to the boys. 
His constant failing health forced him to resign his com- 
mission. We parted with feelings of regret and sorrow. 
His high moral character and genial disposition had gained 
the love of all, and created a general feeling of respect, 
which was due him, for bringing the regiment up to its 
present standard of perfection. 

We finally located winter quarters in a massive oak 
grove, situated on a gentle slope. The timber was used 
for log shanties and fuel. We named the camp Cold Hill, 
as it was beyond the clouds. During the winter the picket 
line was established near the Rapidan and five miles from 
camp. We occupied the line one-third of the time, stay- 
in^ three days each time when detailed. 

Chopping fuel and timber for corduroy roads, police 
duty and camp guard kept us busy and out of mischief 
the balance of the time. Many of the boys sickened and 
died and were buried m the silent camp ground at the foot 
of the hill. 

At division headquarters a batch of prisoners were 
guarded, awaiting trial by court martial. They suffered 
from the inclemency of the weather, having no shelter pro- 
vided for them. John Hentz was among the number, a 
man well known for his extraordinary strength and physical 
powers. Hejiad been absent since April. Upon his re- 
turn he was a total wreck of humanity. After the sen- 
tence of the court martial he was returned to his company, 
and died the second night. We rolled him in a blanket 
and buried him at the foot of the hill. 

A member of the 15th Mass. was executed by hanging. 
A grave was dug at the foot of the gallows. When the 
drop fell the doomed man struck the bank of loose earth 
and he swayed to and fro, strangling by degrees until life 


was extinct. The incompetency of the officer in charge 
was denounced by all who witnessed the horror. While 
passing the camp of the 7th Mich, we saw two members 
chasing each other in a playful manner. The eldest one 
ran in his tent and brought out his musket. He knelt 
upon the ground and took deliberate aim, saying, " I will 
shoot you;" he fired, the shot killing the comrade. 

The Christian Commission conducted prayer meetings 
under a large tent nightly. Many converts were made 
and the morale of the army strengthened. The 19th 
Maine erected a substantial building wherein prayer meet- 
ings were held nightly, conducted by the Chaplains of the 
brigade. A debating society was formed and many in- 
teresting meetings were held, participated in by the stal- 
wart drum major of the 19th Maine, the Townsend boys 
and Chaplain Talbot. Civilized rations arrived from home 
by express, resulting in a second weaning when the supply 
ceased. Musical entertainments and glee clubs were or- 
ganized, and other amusements; company, brigade and 
division drills were instituted and carried on to perfection. 

Wood was obtained from a forest one mile from camp, 
Co. B furnishing three men to chop for the whole regi- 
ment, the teams drawing the wood to camp, where it was 
equally divided. 

Water was obtained from the run at the base of the 
mountain, three-quarters of a mile distant. 

On the morning of Feb. 6 it was decided at headquarters 
to feel of the enemy, as it was believed they had relapsed 
into a paralytic state. Kilpatrick crossed at Ely's Ford 
with Battery C, 3d U. S. Art. Our division and the 3d 
were ordered to cross at Morton's Ford. The pontoons be- 
ing delayed, part of the Second division plunged in the swift 
running waters, in face of the enemy, and drove the picket 
line back on the main body. Sharp shooting and artillery 




practice was the order of the clay, while the pioneers built 
a bridge across the river. During the day the brigade 
was stationed on the heights overlooking the river and 
the country beyond. At night we fell in line and crossed 
the river and covered the retreat of the troops who had 
maintained their position throughout the day. 

Cos. E and I were detailed in charge of Capt. Chas. 
Hamilton and Lieut. Horatio Nichols to patrol the bank 
of the river and guard the bridge. We held our position 
during the night, listening to the rebel tread sixty feet 
away. At daylight we retired to a secure position, and at 
night returned to camp. Our total loss along the line was 
two hundred, killed and wounded. 

The Army of the Potomac was reorganized March 24, 
1864. The 1 5 2d N. Y. was taken from the First Brigade 
and assigned to the Second, under the command of Gen. 
Joshua T. Owens. The 69th, 71st, jid, 106th Pa. and 
the 1 st California were brigaded with us. Both brigades 
had been associated together since the battle of Ball's Bluff, 
fought Oct. 21, 1S61. Col. Baker. 1st Cal., was killed in 
that disaster. California Joe was a prominent member of 
that regiment. He was a dead shot and well known as 
such during the many engagements which was enacted. 

George Morse, a member of the old 34th N. Y., and 
a former resident of the northern wilds of Herkimer and 
Hamilton Counties, served with marked distinction as an 
unerring marksman. Accompanied with California Joe, 
many times they were known to make it impossible for 
the enemy to load a cannon. They covered the ground 
with the brave and hazardous men who would rush up 
and attempt to load, only to meet their death. During 
the battle of Malvern i liil Morse was struck 'with a she 
and died from the effects of the wound. California Joe 
shot the cattle for the brigade. He returned home at the 
expiration of his time, June, 1864. • 



Gen. Winfield Scott Hancock assumed command of the 
corps upon the reorganization, Gen. Warren taking com- 
mand of the Fifth Corps. On the morning of the 15th of 
April, we fell in line after breakfast and marched down the 
hill, and was reviewed in all the drill and evolutions in the 
book. Gens. Grant and Hancock, with staff, occupied the 
grand stand. It was a magnificent sight. The corps num- 
bered forty thousand men. We returned to camp at 6 
p. m. with an increased appetite for salt horse after the 
twelve hours' drill. 

Resignation and disease had reduced the number of offi- 
cers, thirty having left the service. Others who were 
competent filled their places, being promoted from the 
ranks, and many others recommended to fill vacancies. 
Gen. Dewitt C. Baxter, commanding the division, specially 
recognized the regiment by detailing Capt. James E. Cur- 
tiss to act on general court martial, under orders pursuant 
to notice dated November 25th, 1863. 

December 24th, 1863. j 

General Orders No. 20. 

Capt. J. E. Curtiss, 15 2d N. Y. V., is hereby announced as 
Adjutant General on the staff of the brigade, and will be obeyed 
and respected accordingly. 

By Command of 

H. w: HUDSON, 
Colonel Commanding Brigade. 

A. R. OUAIFFE, | W. B. C. DcRYEA, 

Adjutant 1J2J N. Y. V. \ A. A. G. 

One morning the picket detail returned to camp after a 
three days' sojourn amid a driving storm of snow, sleet 
and rain. The men were very tired, sore, sleepy and reck- 
less. A comrade who had enlisted at the age of sixteen, 
remarked to a tent mate, that he was going to tire off his 
gun in camp. He was advised not to do so, as the pun- 
ishment was very severe, it being death or any other pun- 


ishment that a court martial deemed fit to inflict. Heed 
less of the advice, he placed the muzzle through a crevice 
of the tent and fired. The camp was immediately aroused. 
The officer of the day, who saw the smoke, with senatorial 
yells ordered Co. E in line for inspection of arms. The 
First Sergeant accelerated the movement with continued 
commands to "'fall in." The tent mate saw the danger of 
his youthful companion, and believing in the old adage that 
necessity is the mother of invention, he seized a cartridge 
and reloaded the musket, forcing the charge down the wet 
and rusty gun-barrel, by jabbing the ramrod against the 
logs of the shanty. With one bound they sprang in line 
with the company. The Captain was surprised and an- 
gered, when he found all the guns loaded, and such inno- 
cence staring him in the face. 

April passed with its balmy air and vegetation spring- 
ins: into life. As the day drew ni^h we be<ran to con- 
jecture with some degree of certainty as to the work be- 
fore us. Comrades who could not study the signs of the 
times, or who felt as if they were bullet proof or were 
guided by a star of fortune, began to arrange with their 
■associates for the coming winter. Unfortunately the same 
star did not guide them all through the storm of shot and 
shell, the prison pen, and the miasmatic fevers of the 


In the Wilderness. Baptismal Fire. Overture by the Orchestra. Premonitions 
ofDeaih. Peals of Musketry. The Dense Forest. Death of Washington W. 
Hulser. The Heavenly Choir. Grant will Whip. The Whip-Poor-Will. 
Twelve Miles of Men. Incessant Roar of Battle. Fighting Through Burn- 
ing Breastworks. The Dead and Dying Confederates. Burning of the 
Helpless. The Mighty Surge. The Day is Ours. Out of the Jaws of 
Death. Death of Geo. Kidder. The Soldiers' Dream. On the Road. 
Todd's Tavern. The Dying Confederate. 

FT\ N the ist day of May everything indicated a forward 
\\J movement. New accoutrements, canteens, cap and 
cartridge boxes had been issued in place of the old 
ones marked by the Inspector General with the cabalistic 
letters I. C, translated by the boys, " I'm condemned." 
The sick had been removed to Gen. Hospt., and a few, 
with physical infirmities, transferred to the veteran reserve 

Tuesday, May 3d, eight days' rations were issued, and 
strict orders to have every canteen tilled with water. When 
the mantle of darkness fell over the land, we fell into line, 
bidding farewell to our winter home. We crossed the 
Rapidan at Ely's Ford in the forenoon and halted near 
Chancellorsville. We arose at 4 a. m., and over a smoul- 
dering fire we hastily prepared a breakfast of raw pork, tack 
and coffee. Silently we entered the dismal forest and pro- 
ceeded on the road, halting at Todd's Tavern. The regi- 
ment was instructed to file off to the left and enter the 
woods, where they remained on the alert two or three 

A comrade who had been delayed at the well obtaining 
water, followed after. A line of flankers crossed his path 
after he entered the woods. Mistaking" them for the 


152c!, who he supposed had again turned, filing this time 
to the right, the comrade fell in line and advanced with it 
deep in the forest. The men took intervals several paces 
apart, and it was impossible for the comrade to discover 
his mistake until it was too late to recede. He concluded 
to go on and see the show, still believing his regiment led 
the column. The line advanced about three miles and 
emerged into a large clearing, where they halted and closed 

Suddenly from the woods beyond the cleared field, sharp 
firing of musketry and artillery was heard. The ball had 
opened; Griffin's division of the Fifth corps had been or- 
dered to push to the right and left of the turnpike and 
feel of the enemy. The Second and Third Brigades met 
Ewell's force, and they at once became engaged. The 
pressure of the enemy being irresistible, after an hour's 
hard fighting Griffin retired. 

An aide-de-camp came galloping across the field and at 
once conferred with the officer in charge of the flankers. 
We about faced and marched back to the " Corners," where 
the comrade met his regiment emercnncr from the woods. 
He explained the cause of his absence and informed his 
comrades that the ball had opened, the music had com- 
menced, that he had heard the overture by the orchestra. 
Several loads of wounded arrived, corroborative of the 
statement. After the usual debating had subsided, Capt. 
Hulser conversed with the comrade and with Roselle 
Woodhull, one of McClellan's veterans. Remembering 
the conversation afterward, the comrade believed the Cap- 
tain had a premonition of his fate. 

It is supposed that Lee intended by a fierce attack on 
the right centre to destrov the army. The apparent danger 
was that Gen. Hill would gain possession of the Orange 
C. H. road before Hancock could effect a junction, thus 



cutting the army in two parts. We arrived in season, 
with no time to spare. The vital point, the junction, was^ 

As the day dies and the darkness creeps up from the 
west, we have turned the enemy's right flank from our path 
toward Richmond, and gained the junction of the Brock 
road and Orange C. H. road. The battle now is raging 
along our whole front. It was 5 p. m. when our brigade 
received orders to double-quick over the plank road to an 
extreme portion of the line. We found the artillery of 
the whole army parked in a large field. They immedi- 
ately limbered up and left that place on a full galop. 
Evidently they were unprotected by infantry and in danger 
of capture. We about faced and double-quicked over the 
same route and halted in rear of the main line. A long, 
continuous peal of musketry firing is heard directly in our 
front. We formed into line by companies, obtaining po- 
sition in a tangled undergrowth of shrub oaks. Dazed 
with the terrible and incessant peals of musketry, all jok- 
ing and merriment ceased in expectancy of the next scene 
on the programme. The sun sinks in the west. The 
shade of the dense forest spreads its gloom over the land. 
The firing has ceased ; quiet reigns along the front. 

Gen. Owens has received orders to advance a regiment 
into the woods to feel of the enemy. He called upon the 
153d to perform that duty. An encouraging rumor ran 
along the line that we were detailed to support skirmishers. 
We leave our position among the snarled oaks and cross 
the breastworks; the occupants gave us words of courage. 
We entered the woods, passing over the bodies of those 
who had fallen before. We forced a passage through the 
thick undergrowth, becoming separated and considerably 
mixed up. 

The enlignment was perfect as we press forward. A 
sharp crackling of musketry and the whizzing of many 


bullets cause the men to stagger and fall. The attack 
was so sudden that it caused the line to waver. It was 
supposed our picket line was advanced farther in the 
woods, and we were seeking a position to strengthen 

(and 'support it. Col. Thompson drew his sword and ral- 
lied the men with encouraging shouts, supported in a like 
manner by the staff and line officers. Instantly recover- 
ing, we began to fire at will, and poured volley after volley 
in the darkness of the night. We fell back a few paces 
and formed the picket line. Capt. Seabury, A. A. Gen., 
advanced with guidon flag in hand, and commended the 
regiment upon its bravery. We had met the enemy. We 
had received our baptismal fire among comrades who lay 
upon the blood-stained field. Capt. Hulser fell, mortally 
wounded, dvincx during the ni^ht. He was shot while 
cheering on his men. He was a young and efficient offi- 
cer and a most generous and amiable man, and beloved by 
all who knew him, both in army and civil life. He was 
the first one of the regiment to fall facing the enemy. He 
had left a pleasant home and loving family, a willing sac- 
rifice and an honored son of Herkimer County. 

We lay on our arms all night listening to an innumera- 
* ble choir of whip-poor-wills. The boys along the line 
changed the sound to ''Grant will whip, Grant will whip." 
It had the effect of instilling in the hearts of the men a 
confidence in our Great Commander, and a firm belief 
that a heavenly choir had been sent to cheer us on. At 
daybreak we arose and prepared for action. Hastily eat- 
ing a few mouthfuls from the haversack, we fell in line 
and were the first to There was four lines of battle, 
and all advanced at 4:30 a. m. The firing immediately 
commenced, the rear ranks closing up, forming a com- 
pact mass, and all pressing forward. Twelve miles of men 
all loading and firing together, caused an incessant roar 


which was truly wonderful and could not be resisted by 
the enemy. We crossed low logs of breastworks from 
which we had received the fire the night before. The 
Johnnies came in, throwing down their arms, and with 
mingled joy and fear passed on to the rear. 

By eleven o'clock we had advanced with such vigor, 
that we had gained a mile of ground by persistent, hand 
"to hand conflict. The enemy could be felt but not seen. 
nor could they see our force as we drove them onward. 
The forest was so dense and covered with a thick under- 
growth of scrub oak, laurel and sassafras, that the aim was 
taken only at flashes and lines of smoke. The storm of 
leaden hail cut the young trees and tore them into shreds. 
The ground is covered with killed and wounded of both 
armies, lying side by side. We cross a small stream, 
and a comrade stops to obtain water. A member of his 
own company receives a cup of water from his hand. He 
drinks it with one draught and passes up the bank. A 
bullet strikes him and the blood gushes in a torrent from 
his mouth. The dry leaves take fire, and the flames spread 
over the ground. The wounded cry for help ; some are 
saved; for others there is no help, and the charred and 
blackened remains lie on the ground. Neither General 
of the armies can tell with any degree of certainty, the 
exact movements of the troops nor the success or disaster > 
they have met with. 

The ground is a succession of hills and hollows, makin.o- 
it impossible for so vast an army to preserve a true en- 
linement. By the mighty surge of battle, the 5th Corps 
are borne to the right in an oblique direction, leaving a 
gap between it and the 2d Corps. The gap increases 53 
the 2d Corps press forward, bearing toward the left, cross- 
ing the Orange C. II. road, and the unfinished railroad. 
They are and have been in mortal combat with Heth's 



and Wilcox's Division of A. P. Hill's Corps, who have 
stood gallantly for hours ; but at last human nature could 
stand no more, and shrinking before the compact masses 
hurled upon them, they become demoralized, and with 
headlong speed and wild dismay, the broken ranks of 
Heth and Wilcox become a general route, and are whirled 
along in a resistless current. Beside the road was Gen. 
Lee, eager to seize upon any organized body, and launch 
them in person against the head of the Union force. 
Gen. Longstreet, at this moment, advanced along the road 
with a corpse of fresh troops, Kershaw's Division in the 
advance. They hurled themselves upon the now ex- 
hausted Federal troops, overlapping the Third Brigade, 
First Division, Second Corps. The pressure was so great 
along the whole line of the command, that it was broken in 
several places, and had not Gen. Longstreet fell severely 
wounded, it would most probably have proved a sad disaster. 
Gen. Longstreet and Gen. Jenkins rode together along 
the plank road in great glee, encouraged with the success 
they had met with. A volley at short range was fired 
from a portion of Mahone's Brigade, wounding Long- 
street. Jenkins, springing high in the air from his saddle, 
fell dead. 

At this time the long delayed 9th corps came up and 
checked the enemy, while we fell back to the Brock road. 
Regiments and companies were separated and thoroughly 
mixed up. We fell back slowly, firing at will and scour- 
ing the brush in quest of the helpless wounded, even advanc- 
ing again to the front and snatching a comrade from the jaws 
of death. Parties of men, singly and in groups, moved 
over the ground looking for their comrades and the flag 
of their regiment. Sergeant Geo. Kidder meets with 
Sergt. Geo. W. Manchester, both coming from opposite 
directions. They stop to load, standing side by side. They 


fire and again prepare to load, a pleasant remark passing 
between them. A dull, sickening thud is heard as a bullet 
strikes and pierces the body of Kidder, who falls forward, 
partially upon his right side, with his face turned toward 
his comrade. In his death the regiment lost a true sol- 
dier ; he was brave and generous toward all, and beloved 
by his comrades. He was commissioned Lieutenant, but 
had not mustered. A comrade stops on the way and turns 
around ; a bullet strikes him in the arm. A comrade of 
the regiment picks up a youth of the 73d Pa., who is 
severely wounded, and with the help of others carries him 
from the field. They pass Sergts. McGown, Brown and 
another, who stand by Sergt. W. J. Lackey, who is mor- 
tally wounded. 

The wounded come streaming in long after the regi- 
ments have reformed, accompanied by their comrades 
who have carried them through the gauntlet of death. 

We arrived at the Brock road, our position, in the morn- 
ing. Gen. Owen with the brigade is ordered to scour the 
woods. We advance deep in the forest and change direc- 
tions several times. A brigade of rebel soldiers pass along 
the ridge as we lay under the brow of the hill. We are 
not noticed, our uniform resembling the dense foliage. 
We halt upon a spot where lay upwards of fifty of the 
dead, dying and wounded, clad in butternut and gray. 
Their haversacks filled with hoe cake look tempting, but 
the excitement and horror of war has destroyed the appe- 
tite. We fell back to the main line and prepared for the 
afternoon's bloody work. 

Contrary to the general rule, Gen. Grant had issued or- 
ders to detain all men who were looking for their regi- 
ments and place them in the front. Aids were stationed 
along the road to enforce the order ; the result was, a com- 
pact line fully thirty feet wide. Extra muskets were 


brought, and cartridges were torn and placed in piles, pre- 
paratory for a hot contest. 

At 3 p. m. the game was called, the enemy advancing in 
ei^ht solid columns alonff that whole four miles of front. 
A thundering volley broke along the line sending them 
reeling backward. The forest floor is covered with their 
dead; the earth is throbbing with the wounded. Up to 
4 o'clock the battle raged with fury. The first line of 
breastworks, built of old logs and brush, caught fire, caus- 
ing the men to fall back to the second line on the oopo- 
site side of the road. While the flames were' raging furi- 
ously, sending the smoke in' dense clouds heavenward, the 
last attack of the enemy was made. On they came, like 
maddened demons, charging directly into the flames, and 
were met by a most terrible seething fire of bullets, the 
dead and dying lying amidst the burning brush. Four 
distinct times they were repulsed, and finally retired from 
the field. 

The Third Division of the Fifth Corps.Carr's Fourth divi- 
sion of the Second Corps, and Gen. Stevenson's division of 
the Ninth Corps suffered a terrible rout. The division of 
the Ninth Corps became overpowered and fell back, un- 
covering the flanks of the adjoining divisions. The 
enemy rushed through the gap and created considerable 
havoc. Hancock immediately despatched Carroll's Third 
Brigade, Second Division, to sweep along the whole line 
and attack the enemy in flank. The manoeuvre was suc- 
cessful, restoring the line to its former position. Darkness 
coming on, all was peaceable, and quiet reigned supreme. 

We lay on our arms in quiet slumber, dreaming perhaps 
of the many fallen comrades and those who were suffering 
from wounds. Major Timothy O'Brien reported officially 
to Capt. James E. Curtiss, A. A. A. Gen., a total loss of 
sixty-eight; Lieut. Conklin, K company, killed ;. Capt. 


Stephen Holden, of H company, severely wounded, but 
returned to the regiment and remained during its service. 

On the the 7th all was quiet in our front. About noon 
a demonstration was made near the left, but was repelled 
by the Fifth A. C. After dark we proceeded toward the 
left and found ourselves on Sunday, the 8th, on the road 
to Spottsylvania, stopping at Todd's Tavern. 

Here we saw a wounded rebel lying near the road and 
in the last agony of death. He was a tall man with long 
hair falling over his shoulders, a true type of a son of the 
South. Amid the agonizing shrieks and groans, he would 
utter the most bitter imprecations and violent curses upon 
the Yankees that man could invent. The bullet had 
passed diagonally from the right shoulder through the 
body to the left hip. 



Spottsylvania. Gen Owen. Death of Gen. Sedgwick. Shelled. The Eleventh 
of May. Baptized in the Blood of Fallen Comrades. Twelfth of May. The 
Bloody Angle. The Interior Lire. Death of Our Color Bearer. Braveryof 
Capt. Hill. Cruel and Cold Lead. Counter Charging. The False Flag. 
The Enemy Repulsed. The Death Grapple. Night. The Golgotha. The 
Far Reaching Shells. May Eighteenth. Feeling of the Enemy. Slaughter 
of the Corcoran Legion. Murderous Assault. Death of Sergeant Brown. 
Unburied and Unmarked. Execution of a Deserter. Attack on the Rear. 
Repulsed by the Heavy Infants. End of the Fourteentn Day. 

m ON DAY, May 9th, heavy skirmishing and con- 
tinuous artillery firing- was the order of the day. 
Company B was detailed for picket. Hancock's 
corps held the right of line ; Warren came next, with 
Sedgwick on the left. Burnside was farther to the left, 
and disconnected from the army. Had the enemy known 
it and attacked, the result would have changed the whole 
plan, and put a new phase to the proceedings of the next 
weeks' history. Lee's spies knowing every foot of the 
land, passed through the rugged hills, hollows and ravines 
at their leisure while Grant changed positions. Lee knew 
by the several positions occupied by the army corps, where 
Grant would strike, giving him a chance to prepare and 
combat against the union army. 

Gen. Sedgwick, while reconnoitering at the front, fell 
pierced with a rifle ball from a sharp shooter. Gen. Mor- 
ris also fell in the same way. Gen. Sedgwick's body was 
carried back to the Alsop House, north of the Brock 
road. Gen. Wright succeeded to the command of the 
Sixth Corps. Skirmishing was kept up between the 
picket lines. Longstreet is in front of the Second Corps; 
Ewell in front of the Fifth and Sixth; Hill at or near 


the Court House, in reserve. The face of the country is 
broken in deep gullies and ravines; streams of water, 
ridges and knolls, and the timber slashed in front of the 
enemy's works. 

Heavy cannonading opened on the morning of the ioth. 
Mott's Fourth Division advanced across the river Po, fol- 
lowed by the rest of the corps. The Second Division and 
Birney's Third Division are withdrawn to assist Warren 
to make a combined attack. The First Division is caught 
in extreme peril, and recrossed the river with a heavy loss. 
Crawford and Cutler's division, of the Fifth corps, and 
our division advance through the woods. The rebel artil- 
lery opened upon us and kept up the music for two hours. 
Gen. Owen massed our brigade on an elevation overlook- 
\t\q; the vallev and the wooded rid^e in our front. This 
was the first shelling our regiment had ever experienced. 
It brought out all the nerve the men were possessed with 
to withstand this terrible ordeal. The enemy had appar- 
ently seen us and were using their utmost endeavors to 
scrape us off this knoll. We held the ground, however, three 
hours, losing two killed and several wounded. The shells 
that dropped among us without exploding were snatched 
up and rolled down the hill. Gen. Upton, with the 121st 
N. Y., attacked at the same time, some distance to our 
left. He entered the enemy's bloody angle with eleven 
selected regiments, beside his own, and succeeded fn cap- 
turing twelve cannon and the same brigade that routed 
Gen. Shaler's men and a few of Upton's command on the 
night of the 6th. Upton finding himself far in advance 
of the line, fell back to the main body. About sundown 
we advanced in line and assaulted the enemy's works. 
The Fifth corps was met with a terrrible enfilading fire. 
Our corps succeeded in pushing the enemy back, but, 
darkness closing around, the whole work was not accom- 


plished. We halted on a stony ridge, with a broad and 
deep gulf in our front. The Pennsylvania Bucktails and 
the 97th N. Y. formed in our rear and all were ordered to 
charge across the gulf to the heights beyond. While we 
awaited the order was countermanded. This gulf was 
filled with burning timber, crackling and smoking, resemb- 
ling the valley of Gehanna. We threw out a skirmish 
line under the ridge and commenced to return the enemy's 
fire. James Monk of Co. A fell, shot through the head. 
This ended the six days' fighting. Gen. Grant sent the 
ever memorable dispatch across the wires and to the whole 
world : " I propose to fight it out on this line, if it takes 
all summer." 

Wednesday, the nth, was spent in heavy skirmishing 
along the line by both armies. Our position was one of 
extreme danger, being unprotected and exposed to a 
raking tire, from the opposite ridge. The air was stifling, 
hot and sultry, causing a drowsiness among all this conflict. 
Every fifteen minutes a sharp, heavy volley was sent over 
as a reminder that the rebels were there. We lay flat 
upon the ground, yet many were picked off. Swift 
Roback, a relative of the author of this volume, while 
lying with him, and by his side, was struck with a minnie 
ball. The blood poured from his mouth in a torrent, 
deluging the comrade by his side. He had served with 
the old 97th N. V., and was discharged on account of 
fever, and was one of the first to enlist in the 152nd N. Y. 
The body of our comrade was carried below the ridge and 
laid among the laurel, undergrowth, unburied and un- 
marked. The next volley wounded H. R. Matteson and 
Isaac McLaughlin. Leaving our dead comrade, we con- 
veyed them on blankets to the rear, and placed them in 
the ambulance wagon. While we waited to see the boys 
off, two shells exploded among us, wounding two men 


who had just arrived with a wounded comrade. We lost 
no time in retreating to the front. On our way we found - 
a fire, and at once committed the criminal act of cooling 
coffee. We felt justified in so doing, as this was the first 
we had since May 4th. 

A shell burst over our heads scattering the pieces among 
us. . The 7th West Virginia boy who was with us, picked 
up a bullet which fell between his feet. The Johnnies' 
shells was death to all coffee coolers. We proceeded on 
our way and found the line. During our absence the 
pioneers had cut logs, and the boys had built breastworks. 
A heavv rain sat in, and at midnight we moved through 
mud and darkness, slowly wending our way to the left of 
the Sixth Corps. We halted on the farm of Mr. Landron, 
and awaited for daybreak to begin the work assigned to 
the Second Corps. Our objective point was to charge the 
bloody angle, near the McCool House, and force back 
Gen. Lee's right flank, creating a general stampede, and 
drive him pell mell "On to Richmond." Gen. Frank C. 
Barlow formed his division in advance. Gen. Miles' 
Brigade forming in close column by battalions. Birney, 
Mott, and Gibbon formed in two lines to support the 
attack. A funeral silence pervades the assembly, and like 
spectres the men in blue await the order to attack. i\t 
daylight the fog is heavy. Objects can only be seen four 
or five rods. An occasional musket shot can be heard in 
the distance, and a shell comes bounding down the hill, 
striking in close proximity to Col. Thompson, who is 
quietly lying on the ground, trying to catch a few mo- 
ments' sleep. Gen. Lee had been apprised of our move- 
ments. Gen. Johnson had sent him word that he was 
to be attacked, and all preparations were made to receive 
us. Gorden's Division was on the ground to support him. 
All being in readiness and no prospect of the fog lifting, 


the voice of Gen. Owen was heard : Attention ! Second 
Brigade, Fix Bayonets ! Forward ! Guide ! Centre I 
Charge ! 

On through the open field dotted here and there with 
overhanging shrubbery, moving swiftly and in silence one- 
half the distance, one-quarter of a mile. Suddenly the 
cannon opens fire, and with a cheer and yell, like fiends 
incarnate, we rush forward, all three divisions, mingling 
in one solid line. A heavy picket line opens fire upon us 
as we sweep forward up the slope. The dim outlines of 
the embankment appear in view, and with one grand 
rebound, we are over the works, fighting and struggling: 

' 'toC5 to to to 

hand to hand for the mastery. The bayonet is the most 
effective weapon, as it strikes terror to the hearts of man. 
The slaughter of the rebels was fearful as we swept them 
from the field, and force them into our lines. They madly 
rush into their dugout shanty pits, piling upon each other, 
and through the intense excitement are shot, and writhe 
in mortal agony. Three thousand five hundred prisoners 
are sent to the rear, forty-two cannon are captured with 
Brig. Gen. George H. Stuart, and Gen. Fitzhugh Lee. 
'The men captured were members of Stonewall Jackson's 
old corps. Our success was followed by a heavy cannonade 
along the whole line to which the enemy replied with 
great vigor. 

Encouraged by the success we had met with, we quickly 
reformed our lines without any special orders. The offi- 
cers and men all crying in loud tones to Charge ! Forward ! 
To the interior line ! We have them now ! Up men and 
at them ! The union forever! Hurrah, boys, hurrah! 

Away we go, rushing madly through the woods, when 
suddenly we came to the interior line, protected by fallen 
trees, the forked limbs sharpened, forming an impregnable 
abatis. We were compelled to cry a halt and commenced 



firing. Suddenly from out of the forest in our front, came 
belching forth showers of shot and shell, with grape anil 
canister. We kept up a general volley of lead and caught 
their return fire, which mowed down the boys like grain 
on the bloody field. Col. Thompson retired from the 
field wounded. 

Capt. David Hill, of Co. F, a noble and brave man, 
who enlisted to fight, stands out in plain view, daring 
the enemy to come out from their cover. Waving his 
sword high above his stalwart form, he received a bullet 
in his hand, lacerating it terribly, and imbedding the bullet 
in the sword hilt. 

Our color bearer, Hubbard Norton, received a bullet 
wound in the hand. The next moment he was shot and 
fell dead. Corp. James E. Barnes, color guard, was se- 
verely wounded in the arm; Sergt. McLone fell among 
the killed, and six others of the color guard. 

The fighting to our right and left was as desperate as in 
our front. Nowhere could we effect an entrance. Gor- 
don's troops fought like demons. Hancock plants a bat- 
tery on Down's farm, and the shell pass over our heads, 
high in the air. The ground lies thickly strewn with our 
dead; we retire through the woods to the line captured 
in the morning. We carried of the field a young boy be- 
longing to the T2th Jersey. He was wounded through 
both cheeks. His companions received him and bore him 
to the rear. We came upon a lone forsaken rebel reclin- 
ing against a tree. He was ordered to the rear by a Lieu- 
tenant of Co. K. He showed his teeth by drawing a re- 
volver and shooting the Lieutenant in the leg. It was 
said by those who witnessed the scene, that the rebel in- 
stantly gave up the ghost in a rather unceremonious man- 




We had safely ensconsed ourselves behind the works 
when the enemy appeared in force, with a heavy skirmish 
line, with the apparent intention of driving us off the field. 
Gen. Meade at once ordered Wright, with the Sixth Corps, 
to our assistance and formed on our right near the McCool 
house. All' that day we held the works against repeated 
assaults. The rebel generals all taking a hand, seemed de- 
termined to find out who could stand the pounding longest. 
Five times they charged to the very parapets, and with 
hand to hand conflict were mowed down. Ewell, who 
had been driven from the works in the morning, was first 
to enter the Golgotha. PI ill came next from the right, 
and was in turn disposed of. Anderson moved up from 
the extreme left and entered the arena, where both armies, 
thus contracted, met in a continued death grapple. War- 
ren coming - on the gory field to share the honors of vie- 

During the day a large force, bearing a flag of truce, 
advanced at trail arms. Rejoiced to_see so many coming 
over on the Lord's side, we mounted the works cheering 
them on. When they arrived quite close they dropped 
their flag and commenced firing. Several dropped from 
off the works killed and wounded. 

Recovering our surprise we gave them a volley, which 
sent them reeling back. Later on they repeated the same 
trick. On they came with the white flag above their 
heads. We had double shotted every musket along the 
line and were prepared to receive our erring brethren with 
cold and cruel lead. They came so close we could see 
the gray spots in their eyes. Every man arose as one and 
gave them a concentrated fire, filling them with lead 
enough to build a monument in honor and remembrance 
of the Second Division, Second A. C. 



A recruit of Co. F maintains a position on the parapet 
throughout the day refusing to obey the officer's command 
to come down. He was an extreme fatalist and believed 
he would not be shot until his time came. 

Through the day the contest goes on, keeping up a 
steady fire for the purpose of keeping the muskets dry, a 
drizzling rain descending. The 14th N. Y., Brooklyn 
boys, who wore red breeches, lay off to our right in four 
lines of battle. They cover a position where there are no 
works. A gap in the line. They keep up an incessant fire 
on that part of the line all day, loading while lying on their 
backs, rolling over and firing. The continuous peals of 
musketry and cannonading all along the line, arouses the 
union and confederate alike to maintain their positions to 
the bitter end. The dead, dying and wounded are lying 
literally in heaps, hideous to look at. The writhing of 
the wounded and dying who lay beneath the dead bodies, 
moved the whole mass at times. The storm of leaden 
hail sweeps through the woods and over the intrenchments, 
-cutting and rending the branches into shreds. It was here 
where the oak tree was cut down by the continual stream 
of lead. The stump measured two feet across and was 
preserved. It is long past midnight before the firing has 
ceased in front of the Second Corps. 

Pickets are stationed and every man is wide awake. The 
■officers on the other side call out their commands to for- 
ward on the works. They advance a short distance with 
yells demoniac and are met. The Yankees never sleep. 
Some lie down in the trench at the base of the rifle pit. 
Before they can snatch a half hour's sleep, they are aroused 
to take part in repulsing the enemy. 

The morning of the 13th found Lee back to his interior 
lines, and Grant making new combinations. Gen. Grant 
meant all his words implied when the order was flashed 


over the wires that he would fight it out if it took all 
summer. By the general outlook there was to be no rest 
for the weary, and every hour, both night and day, a blow 
was to be struck at every opportunity. The 13th the 
rain descended as usual, and the 15 2d was ordered on the 
skirmish line, which we held all day. Gen. Meade issued 
an order congratulating the army upon the grand success 
and work they had performed. Our loss on the 12th and 
13th was reported at forty-nine killed and wounded. 

On the evening of the 13th, Grant ordered the Fifth 
Corps to join Burnside on the left. The morning of the 
14th, the Second Army Corps was to renew the attack, 
while Warren and Burnside was to strike Lee's right flank 
near Spottsylvania C. H. Moving all night, Warren's 
men became exhausted, and the project was abandoned. 
The mud was by this time ankle and knee deep, and the 
troops began to show signs of weakness ; yet with silent 
enthusiasm they pressed on without a grumble. Gen. Lee 
was, in as bad a condition, for on the morning of the 14th 
we found he had fallen back, but still holding the roads 
and Court House. All was quiet along the line. Both 
armies strongly fortified. 

Sunday opened pleasant and we rested and wrote letters 
to friends. The dead was buried, and the wounded con- 
veyed in long trains to Fredericksburg. 

Monday and Tuesday was enjoyed in resting on account 
of the bad state of. the roads. Tuesday night reconnoi- 
ters were made by parties alone the line for the purpose of 
discovering the enemy's position on the morrow. During 
the night Wright had moved with the Sixth Corps to our 
right. Both corps to attack Lee's left in the morning. 

On Wednesday, die 1 8th. our Brigade advanced through 
the woods and crossed two riile pits, which seemed to have 
been abandoned quite recently, and it was so proven when 



we were drawn on, and found an impregnable position. 
Gen. Owen marched our Brigade in close column by 
battalions, in advance of the balance of the division. We 
advanced through the woods in a zig-zag direction. The 
shot and shell rained from the tree tops. Evidently we 
had been seen from the lookouts. We passed a row of 
dead men who had been stripped of their clothing, show- 
ing conclusively they were our men. They had turned 
as black as night and were unrecognizable. While passing 
over the deserted lines, we saw several men dead and stand- 
ing upright. They had been caught in the forks and 
crotches of the abatis. Nearing the enemy we came to a 
clearing, and passed over the space on a double quick, and 
occupied a trench where the enemy had buried their dead. 
The bodies lay several deep, having a light covering of 
dirt, many exposed to view. All was still in the woods 
on the left and front, and as silent as the mortal remains 
lying beneath our feet. 

Emerging from the woods to the rear, the Corcoran 
legion appeared upon the scene. They were all stalwart 
sons of the Emeral Isle/ and bore the green flag emblaz- 
oned with the harp of Erin. They steadily advanced 
across the clearing on our left. They were massed in 
column, and had cleared one-half of the space, when sud- 
denly from front and flank there belched forth a terrible 
fire of shot and shell. The legion withstood this most 
murderous assault when seeing success was hopeless, they 
gathered up their wounded, and retired from the field. 

While we occupied the trench, an accident occurred 

which cast a gloom over the regiment. The men were 

lying down or reclining against the bank, others walking 

about. A comrade stumbled against the gun of Sergt. 


Benjamin Dyckman, of Co. K, it exploded, the ball kill- 
ing Sergt. James Brown, Co. H, who was. lying by his 


side. Before we could recover from the horror of this 
accident, a shell entered our works ; when Gen. Owen 
gave us the command to right face, forward march, we 
obeyed the order with alacrity, and fell back to the main 
line. . 

Thus ended the fourteenth day of continual fighting. 
The private soldier had earned the sum of seven dollars in 
greenbacks, according to the contract made with the Gov- 
ernment. He may have earned honor, glory and renown, 
and received thanks and praiseworthy attentions upon his 
return from the war ; and lionized for a time by a grateful 
people, but finally drifting down the river of life, drinking 
the bitter dregs of poverty, striving with a mighty effort to 
keep the spirit from taking its departure, while looking 
out upon this great and glorious land he had helped to 

On the morning of the 19th we were encamped near 
the line of works with a heavy picket line well advanced 
for protection. At sunrise the division formed in line by 
regiments to witness the execution of a member of the 
19th Mass. The Adjutant of each regiment read the 
charges and specifications to their respective regiments. 
He had deserted his colors in the "Wilderness," and 
started for Washington, but was arrested on the road. 
The prisoner viewed the rising sun away in the East, eaz- 
ing with mortal eyes but a moment upon its celestial 
beauty. A flash and a report of musketry, and all was 
over. He had sown the seed of dishonor, and reaped the 
reward. Henceforth and forever, he would answer the 
roll call in the ranks of the Supreme Commander of all 
the universe. 

Early in the morning a portion of our right began to 
move to the left, following the cavalry force under Gen. 
Torbert. who had started the night before, and succeeded 



in entering Guinney Station about ten miles southeasterly 
of Spottsylvania, and on the right and rear of the rebel 
army. Lee divining Grant's intentions, strove to inter- 
rupt by sending Gen. Ewell to thwart them. Rhode's 
Division led the advance, crossing the Ny river, 
making a wide circuit northwest of the Langdon farm, 
where he captured hospitals, ambulances and supply trains. 
Gens. Grant's and Meade's headquarters was within three- 
quarters of a mile of the scene near the Harris House, 
and to the left and rear of the Second Corps. Gen. Grant 
received the news through Col. Kitching's pickets, and in 
ten minutes tents are struck and everything was in readiness 
to move at a moment's w T arning. 

Tyler's Division of Heavy Artillery had just arrived 
from Washington. They were encamped in the vicinity 
awaiting assignment to some command. They immedi- 
ately fell into line and for the first time faced the enemy, 
sending forth from their bright, new rifles a death dealing 
and withering fire. The enemy was completely surprised 
and could not stand the shock. They gathered up their 
dead and wounded and fell back. The heavy boys charged 
their retreating lines and kept up a desultory fire long in 
the night. 

Our division and the Third double-quicked to the field 
followed by a portion of Warren's corps. We assisted 
the infants in stampeding the enemy, but the tenderfooted 
boys reaped all the honor which justly and rightfully be- 
longed to them. Ewell lost one thousand men, and 
learned the all-important fact that Grant had received at 
least thirty thousand reinforcements to fill the places of 
those who had fallen, which, up to this date, was 4,07a 
killed, 20,174 wounded, 6,470 prisoners. 


Oram's Crab Movement. Shelled on the March. North Anna River. A Des- 
perate Fight. Holding the Line at the Point of the Bayonet. Four Nights 
on Picket. Death of the Cavalryman. Sambo. Bearding the Lion in his 
Den. Arrival of Recruits. Heavy March. . Tolopotomoy Creek. The 
Bloody Second Corps. Three Days' Fighting. Night March. Cold Har- 
bor. Charge. Running the Gauntlet. Shelled from the Rear. The Second 
N. Y. H. A. A Winrow of Dead. Recapture of a Flag. The Mortar Shell. 
On Picket. The Excited Yank. Sharp Shooting. Ten Days' Fight. Grant's 
Visit to the Works. Shooting Ramrods. The Flag of Truce. The Long- 
haired We'uns. The Gray Back or Sand Bug. A Hidden Enemy. Carry- 
ing Rations Amid Screeching Shells. Swinging Around the Circle. 

V^HE movement which had been delayed by this attack 
m was recommenced at midnight of Friday, the 20th. 
The advance was conducted by a bold and confident 
style. Long gaps intervened between corps and division 
commands and was in some danger of parts of the army- 
being cut off. The Second Corps led the advance, fol- 
lowing in the wake of Torbert's Cavalry, passing Massa- 
ponax church at 4 a. m. and arriving at Guinney Station 
"in the morning, reaching Bowling Green after a march of 
twenty miles. Sunday the corps proceeded to Milford's 
Bridge, on the Mattapony river, and crossed about fire 
miles south, and formed a line one mile from the bridge, 
commanding an elevated position. The enemy's infantry 
was in force in our front. During the day we advanced 
in line and held the ground two miles from the river. 
Our objective point was to reach the North Anna river 
before Lee's armv. We failed to do so. Lonorstreet and 
Ewell had beaten us by twenty hours, their route being 
more direct and shorter. Our line began to consolidate 
and form in close order. Hancock occupying the left, 


resting on Milford Station ; Warren the right at Guinney's 

Gen. Lee at once began to move on, to preserve the 
position at North Anna. Grant followed and all day 
Monday, the 23d, there was a race between the two 
armies. While marching through the woods a shell ex- 
ploded in the ranks of Co. B, wounding Albert Hall, and 
killing a member of the 72a Pa. The battle was very 
severe on our left, the First Division being engaged, suffer- 
ing aloss of three hundred. They, however, succeeded in 
crossing the river ; Warren crossed higher up, and was 
vehemently met with a fierce fire. 

By night both Corps were across, the Sixth and Ninth 
holding the other side. Heavy skirmishing and artillery 
was kept up on this impregnable position all day. Han- 
cock occupying the left wing, was ordered by Grant, to 
keep up a steady fire and make a reconnoissance whenever 
it was possible. 

At 4 p. m., on the 24th, our regiment was detailed for 
skirmishers, and sent in the deep woods to relieve the 7th 
West Virginia Regt. We halted about the centre to 
load, and in so doing and while so engaged, attracted the 
attention of the enemy, who at once began to fire over the 
heads of the old line, which we were about to relieve. We 
at once began to fire, without orders, and pushed on 
through the woods with yells and cheers, passing over the 
line of pickets in our front. We halted and secured a 
position of safety, and expended the fifty rounds of cart- 
ridges in our possession ; none others available, we held 
the line at the point of the bayonet until morning. The 
result was, three killed and eleven wounded. 

The 25th and 26th was spent in reconnoissances ; the 
enemy had a strong force opposite our centre. The posi- 
tion in front of Hancock was very elaborate, and running 


parallel with his line. The left wing of Lee was thrown 
back. His whole army formed in the shape of the letter 
V, with both flanks protected by morass and river. Lee's 
centre pierced our line, placing our Corps in a dangerous 
position if attacked. Grant knew well it was useless to 
beard the lion in his den, and so he withdrew the Sixth 
Corps to the north branch of the river, followed by the 
rest of the troops, and moved out easterly on Thursday 
night, the 26th. Hancock awaited, protecting the rear,, 
and skirmished with the enemy, and disarmed suspicion of 
the movement. 

On the 26th we received two recruits for Co. E. They 
were quite young in appearance, but they had penetrated 
through the wilds of Virginia, looking for the 15 2d N» 
Y. V. They had come to share the glory and honors of 
war, leaving a quiet and beautiful home among the hills 
of Fairfield, N. Y. They were Dutton and Charles W. 

The 25th, 26th and 27th we occupied the picket line 
night and day without sleep. The last night was more 
than nature could bear, and several slept on the line until 
awakened by a sharp volley on the right. The next morn- 
ing we received a contraband, waving a flacr of truce. He 
reported a Yankee cavalryman dead in the house below. 
Afterwards it was ascertained a squad of cavalry had been 
on a scout, and were trvinq- to find their lines. On beinsr 
ordered to halt, supposing it to be the enemy, they turned 
and fled. Mistaking them to be the enemy, our boys 
fired a volley. Sambo continued with our regiment the 
balance of the war in the capacity of servant. His master 
had ran away and left him alone. 

At 7 a. m , on the 28th, we riled out of our works, and 
marched twenty miles before sundown. The roads were 
heavy with sand, and the day was exceedingly hot. We 



halted near Hanovertown, and camped for the night. A 
small band of bushwhackers came over the hill to view the" 
Bloody Second Corps, but quickly skedadled, their pace 
accelerated by leaden pills. We threw out a picket line 
and slept in quiet and peace until revellie. 

On Sunday, the 29th, we crossed the Pamunkey river, 
and advanced until we found the enemy across Tolopoto- 
moy creek. Rations began to arrive by way of White 
House Landing. Monday, the 30th, the line extended 
from near Hanover C. H. to near Mechanicsville ; Wilson's 
cavalry protected the right, next came Warren, Hancock, 
Burnside occupying the left and rear, threatening Rich- 
mond, and protected by Gregg and Torbert's cavalry. 
About 5 p. m. Warren moved toward Mechanicsville. 
Gen. Rhoades' attacked him vigorously. To relieve Warren, 
Meade ordered the whole line forward. Hancock was 
the only one to receive the order in time to attack before 
niofht. The enemv's skirmish line was driven in, the 
enemy making several attempts during the night to retake 
the ground. On Tuesday, 31st, a general advance was 
ordered. We were now upon the same ground which had 
been occupied by McClellan two years before, Warren 
being upon the same spot where he had commanded a 
brigade under Fitz John Porter. Warren had moved to 
the left of Burnside. The iSth Army Corps arrived while 
Lee was reinforced by Breckenridge and Beauregard. We 
charged the works of the enemy several times through the 
day, but could effect no entrance. Co. B lost one killed 
and one mortally wounded. We kept up a lively skirmish 
fire all day, retiring for rations and to rest below the hill. 
Jacob Kimm, of Co. E, while reclining against a small 
tree, was struck in the knee, the bullet following the bone 
in a corkscrew direction, making several turns and lodging 



in the heel, rendering amputation necessary. After the 
war he emigrated with his parents to Iowa. He receiv-ed 
a collegiate education and entered the ministry, but the 
wound breaking out fourteen times, has incapacitated him 
from following his profession. During the past two years 
he has been wholly confined and lying prostrate and ready 
at any moment to answer the summons to the roll call of 
the majority in the grand army above. 

On the night of the 31st, the Sixth Corps moved from 
the right to Cold Harbor, an old tavern situated on a four 
corners, one road leading to White House Landing, and 
one to Richmond. They joined with the 1 8th Army Corps, 
forcing the enemy back, capturing 600, but with a double 
loss on our side. The result was Cold Harbor was retained 
in our hands. The same day it was apparently quiet along 
our front until the afternoon, when Gibbon and Potter 
moved their divisions forward on the enemy's works. 
Grant at once performed what the rebels called his crab 
movement, moving from riQ-ht to left. We held the 
ground until evening, and upon retiring, the enemy fol- 
lowed with a strong determination to get even, but were 
handsomely repulsed. Our Corps at once moved, march- 
ing all night, and formed on the Sixth Army Corps at 2 
p. m., June 2d, facing Breckinridge and Mahone's Division, 
Hill's Corps. The line extended from Tolopotomoy 
creek to the Chickahominy river, and disposed as follows : 
from right to left, Burnside, Ninth Army Corps, Warren 
Fifth Army Corps, Smith Eighteenth Army Corps, Wright, 
Sixth Army Corps, Hancock Second Army Corps. Grant 
had now determined to push Lee across the river, and for 
that reason he had assigned Hancock the all important posi- 
tion on the left. The attack was ordered at 5 p. m., June 
2d. Before the hour arrived, a heavy thunder cloud passed 
over the sky, making the heavens as black as night. Flash 


after flash of lightning descended; the thunder roared 
louder than the artillery. The heavens opened, deluging 
the earth and swelling the river in one roaring flood. A 
new order was fixed at 4:30 a. m., and many retired for 
the night, to sleep the last time on earth. 

Before daylight Capt. Burt passed through the camp, 
with sword drawn, and awoke the men from their slum- 
bers. Placed upon the extreme left, the Second Corps 
was about to repeat the battle of Spottsylvania C. H. Our 
brigade, commanded by Gen. Owen, was massed in eight 
lines of battle and faced Watt's Hill, which, if gained, 
would command the whole rebel line, enfilading it at that 
point. At a given signal the whole army moved at once. 
The battle lasted ten days, but the first ten minutes de- 
cided its fate. We passed over the broken ground on the 
double-quick, the First Division leading. 

Arriving on the ridge, the brigade being massed in solid 
square by order of Gen. Owen, rushed parallel with the 
enemy's works through the cleared field, which was swept 
by shot and shell. A shell bursts in the ranks of the regi- 
ment as we rush on, the smoke lifts, and N. O'Brien, of 
Co. E, and Thos. Evans, of Co. F, lay crosswise of each 
other, dead. We turn and rush toward the front, crossing 
the sunken road and swamp. Ascending the hill, we madly 
charge across the level space, and are met with a cyclone 
of bullets. A winrow of the First division lie cold in 
death. Our solid square press on, the 184th Pa. leading, 
with the 153d N. Y. We scale the enemy's works and 
capture three cannon, holding the breach made five min- 
utes. Gen. Finnegan at once rallied his reserves and drove 
us out, capturing the helpless wounded. Plad Napoleon 
Bonaparte's plan been adopted by massing twenty thou- 
sand men at this point and rushing them over the dead 


bodies of those who fell, we might have carried the works, 
but at a fearful cost. 

We fell back to the ridge, an average distance of ioo it. 
from the rebels' works, and began to throw up breastworks, 
using case knives and tin plates. Recovering from their 
surprise the enemy rashly exposed themselves and sought 
to drive us from the saucy position we had taken, by jump- 
ing upon their breastworks and taking deadly aim at the 
men lying upon the ground. We maintained our position 
until the shovels and new muskets arrived, when all was 
made secure. The side hill below the line in front was 
was filled with men who were engaged in loading and 
passing the muskets to those in front, who were keeping 
up an incessant fire. 

While the battle was raginsr, a batterv which was located 
at the rear, in the woods, opened fire, apparently with the 
intention of knocking down a brick house, situated within 
the enemy's works, the roof being apparently three feet 
above the top of the works. For the purpose of getting 
the exact range, the cannon was depressed to such a de- 
gree that the solid shot and shell fell short and buried in 
the side hill, exploding among the men, causing great' con- 
sternation, as there was no remedy but to lay still and re- 
ceive the death dealing missiles. 

J. J. Nau, Co. F, Capt. Hale, Division Inspector General, 
and many others were wounded. D. H. Lewis, Co. C, was 
struck in the head with the brass plug from a shell. Many 
others were shot unnoticed by their comrades who lay I t 
their side. A fence rail was raised above the breastworks 
for the battery to get the range. A private soldier walked 
back with orders to cease firms:. 

The enemy's picket line advanced twenty feet from their 
works, ours about forty feet. Midway between these two- 
outer lines lay a beautiful blue flag which had been lost 


upon the charge. Several attempts were made to regain 
it, but without success, as both the blue and gray kept up 
an incessant fire on this spot. The fourth night, Chaun- 
cev Kelsey, of Co. C, left the main line, crawling over the 
debatable ground and brought it safely into our lines. It 
proved to belong to the 7th N. Y. H. A., an Albany City 

The 2d N. Y. H. A. was stationed sixty rods on our 
left ; our visits to that regiment were frequent, but fraught 
with much danger. 

On the charge June 3d the Heavy boys pressed forward, 
and in falling back they halted and occupied a breastwork 
fifteen feet from the enemy. The boys lay quiet but pre- 
pared, when suddenly a heavy line of the enemy sprang 
over their works, and charged the infants, but were met 
with the point of the bayonet and repulsed. A member 
of Co. H became excited ; he dropped his musket and 
caught a stalwart Johnny by the hair and dragged him 
over the top of the breastwork. Fie was sent North and 
confined; during his imprisonment he escaped and en- 
listed in the U. S. A. By a strange coincidence he was 
assigned to the same company where he entered, hair first. 
He sought for the comrade who captured him, but alas, 
he was no more. On the strand charge a division occurred 
in the battalion of the 2d N. Y. H. In moving by the 
right flank to make connection, a shell came plowing 
through their ranks, killing six and severely wounding five 
of their number. 

The swamp where water was obtained was situated in 
the rear of the 2d Heavy boys. The path leading thereto 
ran parallel with our works, with a narrow strip of timber 
between, and distant about sixty rods. The enemy, occu- 
pying the elevated position, and from the upper windows 
of the brick house kept up a brisk fire, burying the bullets 




in the hard ground. On one occasion six bullets were 
buried in the path, near the feet of a comrade, and daily 
men were killed while in f he act of dipping water. 

The wounded who lay between the two lines, and who 
could walk, ran the gauntlet under cover of our guns. 
Those who were disabled from crawling, lay on the burn- 
ing hot sand parching with thirst. 

On the afternoon of the 7th, Gen. Lee granted a flag of 
truce, when many were carried off the field still alive. 
John W. Welter, of Co. E, while in the front rank and 
engaged in firing, was severely wounded in the hand. 
He returned to the regiment a few months later, with a 
spirit of determination to see the end. He was assigned 
to the position of guidon color bearer. 

A mortar battery was erected and brought to bear on 
the enemy. The shots seemed to do some execution, 
"causing some merriment among the boys. After the first 
day the compliments were returned with their respects. 
Then the laugh came from the other side. The noise and 
whistle of the mortar shell is very peculiar and not in any 
way charming. The boys undertook to build bomb proofs, 
but abandoned the work, the sand caving in, burying sev- 
eral. One shell cut off an arm of a member of the 184th 
Pa. while he was asleep. 

After dark the picket line was stationed midwav between 
the lines, where they would remain lying flat upon the 
ground and digging with tin plates and case knives until 
the eastern sky became crimsoned with the approaching 
day. If by chance they were left upon the line they had 
protection throughout the day. Artillery duels occurred 
nightly. When the cannon ceased to roar the enemy 
would vault over their works, but were met by the boys 
I. in blue who had cleaned all extra guns thro' the day. 

On the afternoon of the ;th, their dead was carried off 


the field, and buried within their own lines, cur dead be- 
ing buried where they fell 

The enemy could not explode a shell within our works, 
the distance being too close. They would explode among 
the trees, the deadly missiles falling upon the road which 
was lined with men conveying rations from the Commis- 
sary department, which was stationed on the right, the 
road leading thereto running parallel with the enemy's 
works. The cannon's roar and screeching shells made it 
a very undesirable place for an evening stroll. 

Dr. Lyon E. Corbin visited the works, dealing medicine 
to the sick. 

Lewis Hendricks, of Co. E., while returning from the 
swamp after obtaining water, arrived at the cross-roads 
leading to the breastwork. Directly at his side and com- 
ing from the opposite direction appeared Gens. Grant* 
Meade, Hancock, and staff officers, accompanied by sev- 
eral civilians, said to be the Governors of New York, 
Pennsylvania, and Massachusetts, who were evidently on 
a tour of inspection. On the instant they appeared in 
view, the rebel cannoneers sprang to their guns and poured 
forth shot and shell. Falling off their horses, they se- 
cured cover behind the embankment of the sunken road. 
Hendricks assisted them to escape, and gave them a cool- 
ing drink from the old canteen. 

Robert Aull, the private of Co. F. who maintained his 
position on top of the breastworks at Spotsylvania, was 
an odd character. At Cold Harbor he left the line and 
established himself on the heights in the rear. Here all 
the enemy's bullets and shell found a stopping place. 
Four months later, Robert came limping into camp; he 
stated that while enjoying "himself under the shade, a min- 
nie buried in his groin ; he rolled to the foot of the hill, 
where he was picked up by a teamster. 


The peddaculles'es' began to appear in great numbers. 
Doubtless they crossed over from the other side, as it was 
generally believed they had an overproduction. The 
Western boys called them sand bugs, as they were sup- 
posed to geneiate from grains of sand and sweat, the sol- 
dier being the incubator. Prior to this we had a few, 
but now it was very evident the peds. had us. They were 
no respecter of persons, but treated all alike. From the 
General commanding to the eighth corporal and private, 
all were attacked, the mule only escaping. The average 
amount allotted to each man, officer and private alike, was 
nine hundred ninety and nine to the square inch. The 
souls of the murdered ones entered into the new crop, and 
after three days of maturity, they with redoubled energy 
and vigor, worked without ceasing. 

Why were they made with that terrible claw, and born 
with that terrific maw ? To suck a soldier's blood in cruel 
war, crawling and biting, creeping and fighting, through 
each and everv hour. The cannon's roar thev heeded not, 
nor feared the whizzing, blistering shot, the explosion of 
the mortar shell, the fiendish, exulting rebel yell. Beneath 
each garment of shoddy blue, in armies great they did not 
wait, but climb and clamor, fight and chew. 

Gen. Joshua T. Owen remained in the breastwork with 
the boys, sheltered with a fly tent. He was relieved from 
his command a few days before we left the harbor. The 
reason why, a private soldier had but limited means of 
knowing. However, the Brigade lost a brave and effi- 
cient officer, whose exploits and deeds had gained for him 
the name of fighting Paddy Owen. 

Grant kept up a threatening attitude along the line, 
hurling the Sixth Corps seven times against the works on 
the right centre. All that valor could do by officer and 
man was done, but it was in vain. All attempts to ad- 


vance were met by repulses. We finally settled down to 
see who could fling the most lead. All extra ramrods 
were fired over to the enemy, they in turn sending back 
from out of their cannon's mouth chunks of railroad iron. 
Our brigade built a new line of breastworks in front of 
the first line. 

When the flas: of truce was granted we met the long- 
haired " We 'uns" over the bodies of the fallen of both 
armies. They were defiant as ever, and believed they 
would eventually win the day. The ten days of our so- 
journ at Cold Harbor the Regiment lost eight killed and 
five wounded. Grant in the meantime was busy changing 
his base of supplies to City Point, and attack from the 
south of Richmond. The loss sustained by the army since 
the 20th day of May was 2,128 killed, 12,030 wounded, 
.2,740 prisoners. 


Crossing the James River. Light Haversacks. Charging the Enemy's Works. 
Continued Fighting. A Murderous Cross-Fire. A Tornado of Minnies- 
Heroic Service of Thos. R. Petrie. The Hospital Scene. Dr. Silas A. Ing- 
ham. The Amputating Tables. loo Graves. Terrible Slaughter of the 
First Maine H. A. Weldon Railroad. Cutting Hair with Bullets. Open- 
ing of the Battle, 22d June. Flanked. Heavy Loss in Prisoners. Ander- 
sonville. His Satanic Majesty. Senator Mahone. Judgment and Legs. 
Gobbled. Jerusalem Plank Road. The Ten-Pin Alley. Shower of Grape 
Shot. The Works Retaken. Appetite Destroyed. End of the 52nd Day. 
Grant. Moses. The Promised Land. New Recruit. Harrowing Tales* 
Fourth of July. Dress Parade. Slashing Timber Night and Day. 

^pHE soil of Cold Harbor being- enriched with the 
It) blood of the nation, with no prospects of victory, 
Gen. Grant made preparations to swing around the 
circle. Sunday, June 12, 7 p. m., the music from the 
brass bands resounded alonor the whole line of eisrht miles. 
The enemy held their accustomed fire and listened, while 
each regiment moved separately, by the flank, and at the 
same moment. With noiseless tread, we reformed on the 
road at the rear. Silently we marched parallel with the 
rebel line, until out of danger. The picket line was left 
to the tender mercy of the enemy, it being essential they 
should keep up a sharp fire until the line was well under 
way. The Fifth Corps and cavalry arrive at Long Bridge, 
15 miles distant from Cold Harbor, and cross the Chicka- 
hominy about 2 a. m., 13th. They succeed in driving the 
enemy and hold them at bay, while the Second Corps 
cross the pontoons and proceed to Wilcox's Landing, 20 
miles distant, our Division arriving about 11 a. m., 13th. 
On the afternoon of the 14th, the bridge being constructed, 
we crossed the James river, which at this point is 2,000 
feet wide and 84 feet deep. The Cold Harbor pickets 


began to arrive ; they reported that the enemy charged 
their line about 2 a. m., and captured several, but did not 
follow with cavalry or artillery. 

Our Corps numbered 2,000 men, with empty haversacks. 
Gen. Hancock expected Gen. Butler to send rations and 
meet us op the way. Gen. Grant's orders to that effect 
meant extraordinary work for Gen. Hancock to perform. 
Our only consolation was a general cry for hard tack; the 
sound of the many voices reverberating through the forest. 
We bivouacked about two miles from the river, and awaited 
in vain for rations. Light haversacks and light stomachs 
was the order of the day. This rule was established 
whenever the march was long, and tedious, and the task 
more arduous to perform. Not so with the mule ; they 
must have their rations, otherwise they would lie down 
and die, through pure meanness and spite. The mule had 
no family or relatives to live for, no country to honor, no 
soul to keep marching on, no coming generations to re- 
member his deeds. 

The night of June 15th we started for Petersburg, 20 
miles away ; the march was enlivened with the distant 
sound of cannon and musketrv. The ni^ht was hot and 
oppressive. We halted at the outer works 1 o'clock a. m., 
June 1 6th. Gen. Hancock at once took possession of the 
works captured by Gen. Baldy Smith the day before. 
We breakfasted on seven hard tack apiece, borrowed by 
our commissary from the noble colored troops. At 6 a. 
m. Gen. Barlow advanced his Division under a heavy artil- 
lery fire, and obtained the rifle pits under the stronger 
works of the enemy. At 6 p. m. our Division advanced 
in line with Barlow and Burnside. We assaulted the 
works, and after three hours hard fighting the enemy fell 
back, and operations were suspended until morning. 


On the 17th, Burnside renewed the attack and carried 
a portion of a new line, forcing that wing of the enemy 
back. In the afternoon the enemy opened up with their 
artillery, when a brass battery was wheeled up and fired 
directly over the heads of our regiment. We lay a few- 
feet in front of the cannon ; when the firing ceased, we 
arose and advanced down the hill across the creek, driving 
the enemy out of their w T orks. We held the line all night 
without sleep, exchanging shots across the debatable 

The morning of the 18th, orders w T ere issued for a gen- 
eral assault at 4 a. m. The skirmishers advanced and 
found the enemy had retired. New combinations were 
made placing the Sixth and Eighteenth Corps on the 
right, Gen. Birney in command of the Second Corps, and 
Warren on the left. Gen. Gibbon advanced his First and 
Second Brigades, with the Second Brigade of Gen. Motts. 
We moved promptly up to the works but were met with 
a murderous fire enfilading the left. We struggled des- 
perately through the ordeal, and approached the works, 
but recoiled, leaving the dead and wounded on the field. 
At 5 p. m. we reorganized and formed nine lines of battle. 
Gen. Gibbon advanced our Division within 150 feet of 
the enemy's works. Our Brigade halted directly in front 
of a short breastwork, the i52d being the fourth line 
from the front. Our presence became known as the 
enemy opened fire with solid shot from their batteries, 
cutting and slashing among the young pine trees, which 
fell among the men. The order came, and with one grand 
sweep the front line advanced towards the enemy's works. 
Ten paces were taken, when from behind the enemy's 
works there poured forth a most murderous fire, resem- 
bling a violent tornado or rushing wind, the minnies pass- 
ing over our heads. The minnies, striking the trees, glanced 


and wounded several. The front line recoiled, leaving 
one half their number dead and wounded on the field. 
The First Maine Heavy Artillery lost 115 killed and 489 
wounded. Success being hopeless, the order to charge 
the rest of the troops were countermanded, and we lay 
under the incessant volleys fired by the enemy, until 

The ambulance train, under the command of Thos. R. 
Petrie, of Company F., and the stretcher bearers, with Peter 
W. Tallman, appeared on the field. The manly form of 
the Sergeant could be seen, mounted upon his horse, rush- 
ing over the ground, followed by his assistants. They 
gathered up the wounded amid the shrieking shells and 
the storm of the deadly bullet. They seemed to bear a 
charmed life, being more exposed between the two fires, 
and the enfilading and cross-fire of the enemy, than any 
body of men on the field. 

The Second Division Hospital was located about two- 
miles to the rear. The surgeons had little or no rest dur- 
ing the many days of bloody conflict They were assisted 
by the members of the brass band and drum corps of the 
152nd N. Y. All night and the next day the ambulance 
train moved toward City Point, bearing there loads of 
wounded, who, after being treated with the surgeon's 
knife, were sent direct to the general hospital. 

Upwards of one hundred graves were filled at the farm 
house occupied by our Division, many dying on their 
way to Washington. The dooryard presented a horrible 
spectacle on the morning of the 19th. The mutilated re- 
mains of the heroes was piled in heaps and scattered 
around ; the wounded lying on stretchers awaiting for 
death to relieve their agony. Elisha B. Underwood lay 
upon a stretcher, severely wounded. He died from the 
effects, eleven years later, while being operated on at his 



[ CHI C A GO { 


home. Surgeon Silas A. Ingham had labored incessantly, 
performing many skillful operations in surgery. The con- 
tinuous and arduous toil, without rest, contracted a physical 
disability. He became seriously ill and was obliged to 
abandon the field. During his service he was efficient in 
his duties and always remained a true friend to the soldier. 
He died Feb. 4, 1SS6. The final results of a battle can 
only be seen at the hospital. The amputating tables con- 
taining the wounded, the dead and the dying, and parts 
of bodies lying upon the ground, will give a clear idea of 
the scenes enacted upon the field. 

On the 19th, the regiment crossed the cleared field and 
occupied the skirmish pits within fifty feet of the rebel 
line. The reckless and daring manner of the men became 
noticeable. The hardships of war seemed to weaken their 
mental and physical powers alike. The corps moved on 
the night of the 21st and built works fronting the Weldon 
RR. On the morning of the 22nd a comrade who had 
been slightly wounded on the iSth, left the division hospi- 
tal and found the lines about one mile to the rigrht of his 
regiment. He walked in a leisurely manner, but was soon 
reminded that the Johns were keen sighted. The troops 
in the trenches repeatedly advised him to come down and 
walk under cover; finally he received a bullet under each 
ear. The enemy was practicing a new method in hair 
cutting in rather a barbarous manner. The balance of the 
journey was performed under cover, joining the regiment 
9 a. m., June 22nd. 

The time had arrived when a spirit of demoralization 
came slowly creeping upon all, who were exhausted from 
want of sleep, and forced marches. The chances of life 
were unfavorable ; many believed thier hour was nieh, if 
not by the bullet or shell, then by sheer fatigue. Yet 
there was none who would willing give up the fight and 



trust to his Satanic Majesty Jefferson Davis. News- 
papers were scarce, but one arrived giving an account of 
Andersonville prison and was generally believed by all in- 
telligent men. 

The line was formed facing the Weldon Railroad. The 
Sixth Corps held the extreme left, next came the First 
Division, Second Corps. Gen. Mott, with the red and white 
diamonds,held the centre, while the Second Division held the 
right, with their Third Brigade still farther on the right, and 
isolated by an intervening dry swamp. The 152nd held 
the right of the brigade next to the swamp. The 184th 
Pa. had taken their position, about 500 feet in front of our 
regiment, where they remained, their line running at right 
angles with ours. Their flanks were exposed, the enemy 
raking one side of their low earthworks with shell, while 
the opposite side was exposed to infantry. However, 
they held their position and did not retire until forced 
from the field by superior numbers. 

During the forenoon the shells began to roll in lively, 
knocking the logs off the works and entering the exposed 
flank of Companies E and B. By the suggestion of Ser- 
geant James McGown, we built a short work on the 
flank, which offered some protection. We were kept 
quite busy replacing the logs as they were knocked off, 
the shells meanwhile screaming and shrieking overhead 
and burying in the ground behind us. One shell buried 
and exploded deep in the ground under an old rotten tree. 
An old man who had served on board a man of war arose 
from the opposite side. He resembled old Father Time 
sailing heavenward enveloped in a cloud. We saw him 
in Washington, where he landed, being wounded. 

Gen. F. C. Barlow commanded the Second Corps in the 
absence of Hancock. About noon Barlow advanced the 
First Division, breaking connection with the Sixth Army 


Corps and covered the railroad, leaving the Sixth Corps far 
to the left and rear, with an immense swamp intervening. 
He was about to intrench, when Mahone's Brigade came- 
driving through the dry swamp, sheltered from view by 
the tall and overhanging alder and whortleberry bushes. 
Mahone at once attacked the left and rear of the First 
Division, sending a portion of a regiment to keep back 
the Sixth Corps. In the meantime the enemy in front of 
Gen. Mott and our division moved out of their works and 
advanced in line of battle, firing heavy volleys. Capt. 
Hensler, Capt. Gilbert and Lieut. Lewis Campbell oc- 
cupied the skirmish line with a detail from the regiment 
and brigade. There beinsr no salvation for them in that 
position they were gobbled up. Emboldened by their suc- 
cess the troops in our front advanced and retreated, firing 
and receiving ours with a good grace. The noise and 
confusion in our front drowned the music on the left, 
where Mahone was slowly rolling up the two divisions 
preparatory to sending them to Andersonville, where 
Capt. Wirz, the willing tool of the fiend incarnate, was 
by torture and murder, starving fourteen thousand boys 
in blue. 

At last the wave struck the left of the 15 2d, the enemy 
pressing through the woods. Sergeant Cornell, Co. H, 
took direct aim and fired at the rebel color bearer. Major 
Timothy O'Brien, commanding the brigade, ordered Capt. 
Burt to fall back ; but the confusion was so great, with 
the shot and shell, and the rebel horde closing around,, 
with furious and exultant yells, that few heard the order. 
Every one acted independently, and used their own judg- 
ment and legs in getting away, a few running into the 
ranks of the enemy amid the blinding smoke, and were 
captured. Our regiment lost 49 men and four officers. 
Capt. Burt with 20 men formed around the colors, and 


fought their way back to the plank road where they plant- 
ed the Hag, and awaited for the men to rally. We were 
then ordered across the road and joined on the Corcoran 
Legion. We moved up the gentle slope in line of battle, 
and halted on the ridge. The enemy at once opened a 
battery upon us, charged with grape and canister. We 
lay in that position one hour, with the leaden hail shower- 
ing over and around us. 

During the conflict one comrade jokingly said to an- 
other, "Say, Pete, how much bounty did you get for this 
job." Pete replied, " I got a hundred dollars and a cow ; 
but it's worth a million a minute and all the cattle on the 
plains thrown in. No one except a confirmed lunatic 
would sell his services, to fight in this way for money. 
None but an idiot will accuse a man of selling his life 
for gold." 

When we recrossed the road, the enemy sent solid shot 
and shell bounding down the plank, rolling like balls on a 
ten pin alley, using the Yanks for pins. One ball struck 
between Capt. Burt's feet, rolling him in the dust. One 
struck Wm. Watts, of Co. A, in the heel, spinning him 
around like a top. At 8 p. m., we charged with the line, 
the works we had lost, and held them until morning, at 
the point of the bayonet. On the 23d we fell back to the 
plank road and occupied a low breastwork of logs. A 
portion of the Fifth Corps, moving along the road in our 
rear, was espied by the battery boys of the South, when 
quickly sighting their pieces, they opened fire, knocking 
our works to pieces, and burying the shells in the mass- 
ive oaks. 

Lounging around this position keeping time to the 
whistling of the minnies, we cooked and ate our fried hard 
tack, and coffee, with a relish. A. C. Holmes, of Co. A, 
while settling himself down behind a monstrous large pine 



tree, at the foot of which he had an extra spread of viands, 
suddenly received a bullet in his right leg, thus destroying 
his appetite. 

Fifty-two days had elapsed since we followed the silent 
General across the Rapidan. The 15 2d had been under 
fire thirty-one days, and marched many weary miles. The 
veterans of the army of the Potomac, since the days of 
'6i, had been kept in motion in the same manner, as an 
endless treadmill. The motive power which impelled 
them i( onward," was located at Washington, and operated 
by and under the guidance of a crankey system. The 
consequence was, they performed a vast amount of labor 
but remained apparently stationary, and got " No Where," 
until Grant, like Moses, led them through the wilderness, 
into the promised land. The 22d of June had so dimin- 
ished the Corps we were obliged to retire to the rear, and 
await recruits. The next three weeks was spent in slash- 
ing timber, building breastworks and roads, cutting abatis, 
and at night employed in levelling portions of old earth- 
works in front of the main line, and under fire of the ene- 
my. We slashed timber, working two hours on duty and 
four off, night and day. continuously, for two weeks, and 
succeeded in leveling the heavy forest in our front, the 
rear line. 

The first week in July, the 121st, with their Corps, left 
the Army of the Potomac, and followed Little Phil. Sher- 
idan, to combat with Gen. Jubal Early, who was trying to 
effect an entrance into Washington City. During their 
long and continued absence they roamed up and down the 
valley, living upon the fat of the land, with an occasional 
brush with the enemy. They succeeded in destroying the 
supplies of the enemy until there was nothing left ; the 
crows, changing their base of supplies to prevent starva- 
tion. The Second and Fifth Corps held the line in front, 
and performed the extra and arduous duty which devolved 


upon them. On the 26th of June, the First and Second 
Brigades of our Division was consolidated permanently. 
Gen. Webb assuming command. We were located upon 
the head waters of the Blackwater river, the swamps con- 
taining many fish, which were caught by. the boys, charg- 
ing the swamps with clubs in hand. The weather was hot 
and sultry ; while picketing in the rear, no enemy being 
in sight, time dragged slowly for want of excitement. A 
new recruit arrived, and while on picket the boys told him 
such harrowing tales of bloodshed, that it worked upon 
his imagination ; he being an extraordinary tender foot, 
and as yet not baptized in the blood of fallen comrades. 
He armed himself with a revolver, leaving his knapsack 
and musket on the picket post, and proceeded toward 
camp. When about half way, he took off his shoe and 
attempted to sign his discharge from the service by firing 
a shot between his toes. Throwing away the revolver, he 
carried the shoe into camp, and reported he had been 
bushwacked. The surgeon examined the wound, and 
smiled as no bullet hole appeared in the shoe. Afterwards 
this recruit made a true soldier, fearing no danger; on 
one occasion he carried water, several times in succession 
running the gauntlet, the minnies playing the long roll on 
the well curb. Later in the day he fell, pierced with a 
mmnie ball, while the regiment was firing upon the rebel 

The glorious 4th day of July was celebrated by the 15 2d 
N. V. in quiet and peace. Capt. Wm. S. Burt, command- 
ant of the regiment, ordered a dress parade at 4 p. m. We 
fell in line promptly, without shoe blacking or white gloves. 
Adjt. A. R. Ouaiffe reported to the commandant, that there 
was no color guards present for duty. Capt. Burt at once 
conferred that exalted honor upon all the surviving mem- 
bers of the regiment. We accepted the trust in silence, 
and brought them through the many conflicts without a 
stain of dishonor, and deposited them safe at Albany. 


Severe Picket Duty. Fort Hell. Peace Negotiations. Over the River. 
Strawberry Plains. Death of William Syllabach. Advance to the Interior. 
Long Range Picket Firing. Return. Thirty Mile March. Explosion of 
the Mine. Eight Tons of Gunpowder. The Crater. Heavy Cannonading. 
Grant Under Shelling. Terrible Slaughter and Gallantry of the Colored 
Troops. Burial of the Dead. Hancock's Tramps. Boiled Graybacks- 
Camp in the Woods. Songs of Peace. Quiet Slumbers. Pack Up. Down 
the River. About Face. Deep Bottom. Intense Heat. Grant, Hancock 
and Butler. Death by Sun Stroke. Charge Repulsed. The Barbed Wire 
Vine. Gathering Corn with the Butternut Boys. Return March. 

About the middle of July the axe and shovel were laid 
aside, and we moved to the " front " and established a 
picket line on the right of the Jerusalem plank road. At 
this time Col. Jacques and Mr. Edmund Kirke were grant- 
ed permission to pass through the lines and enter Rich- 
mond, for the purpose of unofficially interviewing His 
Majesty, Mr. Davis, looking towards some means where- 
by peace could be effected. They received considerable 
notoriety for their work, and returned more wise and 
learned than when they started. Jefferson Davis still 
clamored for more blood. During the pending negotia- 
tions the pickets erected minature flags of truce upon each 


The firing ceased and all was peace along our front. 
We met the enemy half way between the lines and traded 
coffee for tobacco. At night, the Johnnies would request 
us to get back in our holes, as they had orders to com- 
mence firing. They would fire high until the boys were 
safe, when the fusilade would open on both sides. 

An order came one day, to the Sergeant on the left, or- 
dering down the rla^s of truce, but saying we could have 
a cessation of hostilities if we wished. Passing the order 


down the line the Sergeant informed the Corporal to take 
down them flags of truce, but we could have a session of 
"stilitys" if we wanted to. The Corporal asked the mean- 
ing of the order. The Sergeant replied, " I do not know, 
but I guess it means vou can take down the flags and 
leave up the sticks." 

On the 26th of July, at 4 p. m., the Second Army Corps 
broke camp, and slinging baggage, we marched under cover 
of the forest in the rear, crossing the Appomattox at Point 
of Rocks, and arrived and crossed the James river early 
on the morning of the 27th. We ascended the hill and 
formed a line of battle and charged the enemies advanced 
position, driving them in the woods and capturing two 
spiked canon. We advanced in line through the woods 
and passed over the cleared field. The enemy opened fire 
upon us, sending their shells to the rear, where the Division 
Provost Guards had formed a rear guard. One shell 
struck Wm. Syllabach, of Co. A, a resident of Herkimer 
village. Upon his arrival at Washington, Gen. Frank 
Spinner, upon being informed of the casuality, hastened 
to relieve his former townsman. He arrived too late, 
death having ensued. This battle was called Strawberry 

Gen. Foster, of the Tenth, moved out to the left, Han- 
cock forming on the right, Sheridan and Kautz's Cavalry 
following. General demonstrations were made, causing 
Lee to weaken his force in front of Petersburg, Kershaw's 
division arriving in our front. 

Late in the afternoon of the 28th our brigade was de- 
tatched from the main body and silently marched inland 
through a majestic forest. We halted and entered a corn 
held and began to throw up breastworks. Sharp firing 
was heard through the woods in our front. Companies E 
and I were detailed to strengthen the line. We found 


the boys blazing away at long range and trying to catch 
the return bullets as they came singing a dying note 
through the air. A portion of the Fifteenth Massachustts, 
led by a Lieutenant, advanced to the front through the 
low underbrush. Afterwards it was reported that they 
were captured. On the line we found Hendricks, of Co. 
E. He had fell behind and taken the wrong road and was 
now engaged in ramming home cartridges, gaining honor 
and glory on his own account by putting in one more 
fight than his regiment was accredited with. Night come- 
ing on, firing ceased, and we waited for a guide to lead us 
off the field. About 9 o'clock fears were entertained that 
we were abandoned to our fate, when there came an order 
to fall in. Groping through the Egyptian darkness we fol- 
lowed our leader and joined the Corps one mile from the 
river, where we threw up breastworks in expectancy of 
the enemy. 

On the 29th, at 7 p. m., we recrossed the pontoons and 
marched to Petersburg. We stacked arms on the road in 
rear of the Ninth and Eighteenth Corps, and awaited 
the explosion of the mine under the rebel fort. Our 
whole corps was now in position to support the attack* 
with the Fifth Corps on the left. The chamber of the 
mine was about twenty feet below the surface, with gal- 
lerys extending right and left. In this c a mber was placed 
eight tons of gunpowder, connected by a fuse which led 
to the gallery. The fuse was lighted at 3.30 a. m., but 
was extinguished owing to the dampness. A private 
soldier entered the passage and re-lighted the fuse. The 
tunnel was constructed by the Forty-eighth Pennsvlvania 
Volunteers. At 4:4.0 a. m. a heaving and trembling of 
the earth was followed by a terrific explosion. The fort 
with all its contents, six canon and two hundred and 
eleven men, were immediately raised high in the air. The 


mighty column poised for a moment, resembling a great 
fountain, when it descended with a resounding thud. 
A yawning crater one hundred feet in length by fifty 
broad and twenty feet in depth, was all that was left. In- 
stantly upon the explosion one hundred heavy guns broke 
out and joined in a fire which exceeded in intensity 
that of Gettysburg. The enemy instantly responded with 
cannon and musketry upon the storming party, who pressed 

The event proved that Lee was in a measure prepared 
for an attack on this point. The Ninth Corps left their 
intrenchments, and with a wild and enthusiastic cheer, 
leaped forward and rushed across the deadly plain under a 
most terrific and hot fire. They reached the crater and 
stumbled down into the horrible breach the mine had 
made. The dense cloud of dust, thickened by the smoke - 
of battle, still lingered over the place, shrouding the field 
from view. Considerable confusion and delay prevailed 
amidst the terrible fire that poured into their ranks, and 
the men sought protection by turning the slope of the 
embankment. After this fatal delay the Corps reformed. 
Gen. Marshall leading, Bartlett's Brigade following:. The 
fire of the enemy in front and both flanks ploughed 
through their ranks with terrible slaughter. The 
charge was finally checked on the slope. The whole line 
wavered under the deadly and incessant fire and final- 
ly recoiled to the fort. The colored division of Ferrero 
was then sent forward and noblv charged over the 
field past the crater. It seemed the enemy had re- 
served a part of their deadly venom to sweep 
the colored troops from off the face of the earth. They 
fell back and entered the crater, and held this advanced 
position until assistance could arrive. 

1 lie enemy directed his fire straight upon the crater 
and it became a mere slaughter pen. Squads of men be- 


gan to retreat, crossing the deadly gauntlet of 200 yards 
under the cross-lire, which was kept up on every rod inter- 
vening between. About noon, a general retreat was or- 
dered. The men in the crater refused to retreat, preferring 
the chances of death facing the enemy than that of run- 
ning the gauntlet. A final charge by the enemy, at about 
2 o'clock, was made. They singled out the colored troops 
and poured forth a volley upon these defenseless men. 
Gen. Bartlett and most of his staff were captured. The 
Union loss was, killed 419, wounded 1,679, prisoners 

A flag of truce was granted on the 1st day of August, 
to bury the dead. Our regiment remained on the road, 
held in readiness to take a part in the bloody day's work. 
Gen. Grant, accompanied by several of his guards and 
staff, came riding up the ravine from the front, where they 
had been on a tour of observation. When they began to 
ascend the hill the rebel cannoniers saw them and opened 
fire, the shells passing over them and striking in close 
proximity. Placing their heads before their horses, 
they bounded up the ravine. 

The Second New York Mounted Rifles fought in this 
battle, having as yet not received their horses, Otsego 
County was represented in this battle by our former Ad- 
jutant, Cleveland J. Campbell, he having received a com- 
mission to command a regiment of colored troops. Dur- 
ing the battle he was severely wounded, which resulted in 
his death. Capt. Edward Townsend, who had been First 
Sergeant in Company F, 152nd N. Y., commanded a 
company of Afric's sons. 

August 1 st. we migrated, as usual, and finally located a 
camp in a clearing near Gen. Hancock's headquarters. 
The title of " Hancock's tramps" had been given us by 
the rest of the army ; we were conscious of the fact that, 


in after years, the "reconstructed ones " could not accuse 
the Second Corps of the act of trading boiled and dried 
coffee grounds for tobacco. 

Water was very scarce, the swamp in our vicinity being 
dry. We sank several wells. Whenever water was ob- 
tainable it was used for murderous purposes, by boiling to 
200 degrees Fahr., when it was poured upon our shirt, 
which was rolled in a compact wad. Spreading it open 
we found it resembled the map of Virginia, with roads 
streams, runs, etc. Wherever the water had pursued its 
course the peddacules had been arrested, bleaching their 
hide as white as snow and causing instant death. 

The regiment numbered 145 men for duty, and n offi- 
cers. Recruits were arriving- dailv and manv returned 
who had been wounded or sick. A comrade while on his 
way to visit a neighboring camp, was informed by an order- 
ly, that the Corps was about to move. He retraced his 
steps and entered the clearing, where he saw the officers 
reclining in the camp chairs enjoying peace and slumber, 
the innumerable camp flies humming an incessant tune, 
accompanied with the gentle snore of the sleepers. The 
" non-commish." and privates were imitating their superi- 
ors. All was silent as a graveyard. 

Pack up ! Pack up ! Get ready to move at a moment's 
notice ! The effect was magical. In three minutes more 
the official order came and five more we were on the road 
to City Point, where we were regaled by the sanitary 
commission. All day the 13th the embarkation pro- 
ceeded, the enemy, from their lookouts, viewing the scene- 
About sundown we dropped down the river ten miles and 
lay at anchor until 11 p.m., when we about faced and 
steamed up the river, disembarking at -Deep Bottom at 
4:30 a. m. Lee divined Grant's movements and sent 
Longstreet and Mill to intercept. Gens. Grant, Han- 


cock, Butler and Birney were promptly on the ground. 
Manceuvering for position occupied most of the day, 
and it was late when the line advanced. Gregg's Cavalry 
and the Tenth Army Corps opened the fight and cap- 
tured four guns and a few prisoners. 

On Sunday morning, the 14th, when the good people 
of the North were quietly wending their way to the several 
houses of worship, we were advancing on the road to death, 
destruction and eternity. We advanced two miles from 
the river, and came to a deep woods, where we halted. 
The heat was intense, the foliage was withered, and the 
air was suffocating. A comrade of Company E started 
in quest of water, carrying seven canteens. The order 
came to forward, quick step, march. The 152nd was the 
last in line. The men began to drop with sunstroke, the 
froth foaming from the mouth, many dying in convulsions. 
Lieut. D. B. Fitch excused the comrade who carried the 
double load, his own and the water-bearer's, and just in 
time to save his life. After resting a few moments, he 
arose to proceed, when he was called back by Leonard 
Baldwin, the hospital steward, and assisted him in prying 
open the jaws of a comrade of the 20th Mass., forcing a 
potion of medicine down his throat. The comrade com- 
ing up with the water, we straightened up our patient and 
proceeded, counting seven men who had died with the in- 
tense heat. 

We joined the regiment which had formed two lines of 
battle facing the enemy's works, which ran parallel with and 
across the creek. Col. Macy, of the 20th Mass., ordered 
our brigade to charge. The enemy was armed with a six 
shooting repeating rifle, and poured a deadly volley into 
ourranks, as we ascended the hill and strutted through 
the entangling meshes of the wait-a-bit vine, a natural ob- 
struction, almost equal to the barbed wire of our present 


Col. -Macy's horse was shot, but he immediately mount- 
ed another, which followed the same fate, crushing the- 
Col. to the earth, injuring him severely. Those who suc- 
ceeded in pressing forward up to and within the enemy's 
breastworks were shot down or taken prisoners. The dis- 
tance to the enemy being so close, their shots were more 
effective, and the loss was greater for the number engaged 
than on any other occasion. Our position among the 
shrubs and undergrowth was scarcely tenable. We could 
neither advance nor retreat, the enemy keeping a steady 
fire upon all who were exposed. Capt. J. E. Curtiss, A. 
A. A. Gen., had his horse shot under him, and was wound- 
ed, but returned three days after to duty. John F. Harter 
fell wounded and lay helpless upon the field, the enemy 
keeping up a steady fire until he was killed. Sergt. Theo. 
Doubleday, while being carried from the field, received 
another wound. John Dorsey lay upon the field groaning 
with pain, his comrades not daring to assist him. Albert 
Hall received a wound in his leg, resulting in amputation. 
Jimmy Morton, of Company A, joined the regiment at 
City Point. He was a new recruit, and at once began 
preparations to receive the mysteries and miseries of wan 
by taking all the different degrees at once. He ad- 
vanced to the parapets of the enemy's works, side by side 
with the old vets. A cruel bullet hit him, and he fell 
within the rebel works ; the surgeon of the Confederacy 
sawing off his arm several days later. The Brigade num- 
bered one thousand men. The loss reported to A. H. 
Embler, A. A. A. Gen. 2nd Division, by Lieut. Col. Isaac 
P. Rugg, "Com. Brigade," was 25 killed, 127 wounded. 
56 missing; the !52d N. Y. losing 22. The ;th Mich, 
made a demonstration on the left the next day, while the 
Division was extended to the right, and Malvern Hill 
threatened. On the 16th, the 1st Division encountered 



the, enemy on the Charles City road, killing the rebel Gen. 
Chambliss. The enemy created a sad havoc in the Divi- 
sion, but were flanked by Gregg's cavalry, who appeared 
on the scene, driving the enemy en route toward Rich- 

The 2nd N. Y. Mounted Rifles performed many daring 
and dashing exploits upon that occasion. James Cassiday, 
a veteran of the 2nd N. Y. H. A., fell wounded ; his regi- 
ment falling back left him in the enemy's hands. He was 
rescued from the jaws of death by a comrade, Emmett H. 
Roback, who dragged him from the field. Cassiday enlist- 
ed in 1 86 1 with his class mates at Fairfield Academy, being 
imbued with the same spirit which prompted his venerable 
father to take up arms in defence of the Union in the 
war of 1 81 2. 

Demonstrations were made the next three days by the 
cavalry, while we occupied the picket line, which ran 
through a cornfield ; the boys gathering corn from the 
same stalks with the Butternut boys. On the night of the 
20th, we started for the extreme left of the line, arriving 
at the Williams house on the 22nd. 


Reams Station Out-marching 'the Cavalry. The Battle. Sixteen Shooters. 
The Bull Ring Fight. Fight or Anderson vi lie. Paralyzing the Troops with 
Canon. Terrible Route. Shower of Lead. Hancock's Bravery and Grand 
Rally. The Enemy Driven. After the Battle. Death of Melville Barnes 
and Lester Huntley. Return. The Lightnings Red Glare. Heroism of 
Adjutant A. R. Quaife. The Colors Saved. The^Surgeon's Knife. Route 
oi the Servants, Chaplains and Mules. Fort Haskell. Petersburg Express. 
Bomb Proofs. Arrival of a Recruit. The Graybacks Attack. Fresh 
Blood. Building Railroads. Red Tape. On Picket Between Fort Hell 
and Damnation. Fireworks. Voting by Proxy. Homestead Claims. Home, 
Mother and Friends. 

On this occasion we out-marched the Cavalry, crossing" 
both rivers and halting in the rear of the Ninth Army 
Corps, on Sunday morning, Angust 21st. The First 
Division preceded ours, arriving one day earlier, and oc- 
cupied works vacated by the Fifth Army Corps. On the 
22nd they proceeded down the railroad and began to tear 
up the track. Tuesday our division continued the work 
of destruction, and by Wednesday night had demolished 
the track two miles below Reams Station and up the track 
to within four miles of the city. 

Thursday, the 25th, we started down the track to con- 
tinue the work, when we were suddenly arrested by the 
Cavalry picket line being driven in. Our regiment had 
picketed the line the night before and the Cavalry vi- 
detts had reported to us ''signs of rebs." 

We breakfasted on green corn, a rare dish on our side 
of the Confederacy. 

Hancock arrived on the ground, and all was excitement 
while manoeuvering for position. We retired to a sugar 
cane held, and laid low. While there, the ball opened by 
the popping of the sixteen shooters of the First Maine 


Cavalry, the Cavalry being driven in, an advance of the 
Infantry was ordered. The First Division formed on the 
right, the Second en the left, Gregg posting the Cavalry 
in the rear and on the flanks. The line so formed re- 
sembled a horse shoe, the field partially cleared, and all 
surrounded by a dense forest. 

The low breastworks had been built in June by the 
Sixth Corps and now became worth " millions for defence.'- 
Brisk firing commenced, and was kept up during the fore- 
noon. Heth's and Connors Brigades with Pegram's Ar- 
tillery were our opposing force. About two o'clock the 
enemy advanced their skirmish line and attacked us with 
vigor and their old time yell. At 3:30 p. m. they received re. 
inforcements, and with bayonets fixed they advanced with 
pandemoniac yells and a strong determination to carry the 
works. They came within twenty feet of our front and 
were met by a heavy fire. They recoiled and fell back 
into the forest. Our brigade moved from the right flank 
to the left, making the distance on the double quick. We 
were sent to the weakest portion of the line on several 
occasions and finally were placed in the centre of the bull 
ring, for the purpose of protecting the rear if attacked, and 
keeping the road open. We were now the centre of 
gravitation attracting numberless molecules of lead from 
three-fourths of the compass. 

This bull ring was about one-half mile in circumference, 
the men receiving the bullets of the enemy from both front 
and rear. Placed in this position, many were shot in the 
back, a mark which in older times, when men fought face 
to face, would accuse such of cowardice and running away. 

Our regiment numbered about 75 men, and was command- 
ed by Capt. Wm. S. Burt. At 4:30 p. m. the enemy made a 
third and vigorous attack, walking to within a few feet of 
the works. They were met by a seething fire of musket- 



ry and grape and canister, from the fiv r e batteries which 
had been placed in position. We knew it was fight or- 
Andersonville, and all worked with a mighty will. Being 
detached from the army, there was extreme danger if 

About 5 p. m. our regiment was detached from the bri- 
gade and sent from the centre on a double quick in front 
of the breastworks occupied by the First Division. Our 
position overlooked the whole situation. We at once 
opened fire upon Pegram's Artillery, which had arived and 
was sending shot and shell across the centre, which com- 
pletely paralyzed our men with the deafening roar and ter- 
rible shrieking of shells, each shot being aimed at one 
point — the centre. Meanwhile the Johnnies crawled 
through the underbrush and lav directlv under our works. 
When the cannon ceased firing they arose like demons from 
the bowels of the earth, and with one prolonged yell they 
vaulted over the works and with the bayonet drove the 
men, capturing many and cutting the line in two parts. 
Our division not being pressed, was hurried to the centre 
and began to restore order. Wade Hampton siezed the 
the opportunity and crossed the works left vacant. They 
crowded in on all sides and the driving-in process was 
continued, the entire front giving away. In vain the men 
were rallied. The artillery was captured and the guns 
spiked and the horses shot on the field. An officer of ar- 
tillery, who stood upon his gun, refused to surrender, when 
he was shot by a shower of lead. Our regiment viewed 
the scene, keeping up a sharp fire until the day was lost. 
We were seen by a party, who advanced toward us, firing 
rapidly. Our ammunition being exhausted we retired 
rather hastily toward the rear. Elias McCammon and 
'James Hill fell dead together, before we had taken twen- 
ty paces. We kept on the outside of the works and ran 


the length of the line, the bullets striking the ground be. 
fore and around us at every step. Arriving at the rear 
we entered the bull ring. 

Hancock at this moment had arrived, and fearlessly and 
bravely, with shot and shell tearing through his corps flag, 
he succeeded in rallying the broken fragments of regi- 
ments, and in driving the enemy off the field. 

By this time it had become quite dark and the scattered 
men hastened from the field. A darkened cloud over- 
spread the land and the rain began to descend in torrents. 
The heavens were riven by the lightning's red glare. 
Flash after flash descended, the fluid apparntly directed 
by the bayonet and gun barrel. The sight was blinding 
as we groped and stumbled over fallen trees and 
stumps until the road was reached. We arrived in camp 
about midnight, with blankets and tents mostly thrown 
away. Several of the men remained lost in the woods 
until daylight, when they were followed by scouting parties 
of the enemy, keeping up a running fight until they were 
safe within our lines. The loss to the enemy was report- 
ed as being 700 killed. 

The day was extremely hot and many fell down from 
sunstroke and exhaustion. All honor was due to Ad- 
jutant Alfred R. Ouaiffe, in preserving the regimental 
colors. On the rally he turned them over to a member of 
the regiment and entered the fight with the fragments of 
the different regiments, who charged through the woods 
without form or enlinement. During the charge he be- 
came overcome by the intense heat and fatigue and fell to 
the ground unconscious, and was left upon the field for 
dead. The terrific thunder shower, long after we had left 
the field, restored him to consciousness. Groping his way, 
without guide or compass, through the inky blackness of 
the nisht, he arrived at a house where was stationed sever- 


Union pickets in charge of a wounded officer. Early the 
next morning the house was surrounded by the enemy^s 
cavalry. The pickets were captured and sent to Hotel De 
Libby for refreshments. Afterwards the Adjutant was 
removed to Danville, N. C, thence to Salisbury, where 
he was confined until February, 1865. He was reduced 
to the verge of starvation, but by his indomitable courage 
and perseverance he came out alive and marched with the 
regiment at the grand review. 

Many exciting scenes were witnessed before the oppos- 
ing forces became separated. An officer had fallen from 
his horse and was dragged down the railroad track, his 
foot being caught in the stirrup, the horse running at full 
speed. Lester Huntley received a mortal wound, and was 
conscious when we left ; his brother offered to assist him 
from the field. He refused, as he knew his end was near. 
Sergeant Melville Barnes fell in the conflict. He was a 
true and courageous soldier, and was loved and respected 
by the whole regiment for his constant duties and excel- 
lent manners. He left a pleasant home and fond parents, 
a willing sacrifice upon the altar of his country. Twenty- 
three years has elapsed when the few remaining survivors, 
now grown grey in years, meet in remembrance of this 
comrade at his former home in Milford, N. Y. 

An inoffensive and scared rebel prisoner gave up his 
double shelter tent to Hendricks. We felt deeply thank- 
ful for the gift in our destitution. When the artillery 
opened upon us there was congregated at the rear, along 
side of the woods, and near the only road leading to camp, 
a large body of mules, chaplains, colored servants, buglers, 
sheep skin batteries and brass bands, and other necessary 
evils that go to make up an army. When the cannon 
opened, the above evils (lew towards the road, choking it, 
and became mixed up in one conglomerated mass, and 


solidified, as it were, but were gradually dissolved and 
passed down the road, the far reaching shells dropping 
and exploding amongst them. 

When we consider the manner and way the battle was 
fought, the credit should be ascribed to the private soldier 
and the few line officers present. The generalship in 
blundering on the position, was good. The battle was 
hotly and evenly contested, and both parties were badly 

The next morning the Division hospital pitched their 
camp a few rods from ours. We took the opportunity to 
visit the boys who were stretched upon the tables await- 
ing their turn for the surgeon's knife. The total loss of 
the Corps was 127 killed, 546 wounded, 1,769 prisoners. 
Our regimental loss was 5 killed, 8 wounded. There were 
engaged in the battle yS regiments infantry, cavalry and 
batteries; New York State having 33 regiments, Penn- 
sylvania 19. 

We- began camp life again by cleaning and brightening 
up the muskets, and drawing new clothing. The sand- 
bu^s had advertised to foreclose the mortgage held on 
our wardrobe. In some cases they had already taken ab- 
solute possession. In vain we fought the hard shelled 
enemy. There was always seed enough left to propagate 
a aew crop, arriving at maturity in forty-eight hours. A 
recruit who had been absent sick, had now returned to 
the regiment. He was minus a tent and other camp 
equipage, and was not versed in the art of borrowing be- 
tween two suns. Out" of pure sympathy and love for a 
comrade, our w pardner " suggested that being a " stranger/* 
we take him in, and stated the fact, that his blood beino- 
fresh and tender would make excellent food for our stock 
of graybacks. 


He accepted the invitation with many thanks, and that 
night lay under the five foot by five shelter tent, between 
two old veterans. A few days after he became industri- 
ous with his fingers, and could not account for the itching 
and biting sensation which afflicted his body. A comrade 
suggested to him that possibly he might have a few ped- 
dacuieses, whereupon he became quite angry. Proving 
the assertion by ocular demonstration he became pacified 
upon receiving instructions in the art of skirmishing; also 
quoting to him the language of Fighting Joe Hooker, 
that a man could not be a veteran soldier until he had 
slept in the guard house, or had become thoroughly lousy. 

During the first and second week in September we were 
detailed with shovel and pick, and worked sinking a deep 
cut and grading for a railroad for the use of the army. 
Heretofore it had run over hills and hollows, drawing light 
loads, with an occasional shot passing through the smoke 
stack or boiler. We arose in the morning at 3 a. m., and 
marched to Brigade headquarters, where the Aid de Camp 
•counted the men. This was repeated at Division and 
Corps headquarters, and finally we arrived at the engineer's 
department, where shovels were drawn, commencing the 
work after daylight. This was called by the boys, " red 
tape." A line officer, under the direction of the engineer, 
44 bossed" ten or fifteen men, assisted by five Sergeants and 
Corporals. Owing to the hard tack diet, we were allowed 
to rest every alternate two hours. With the help of the 
5.000 men who received four dollars per day, we finished 
the work. 

Occasionally we were consigned out on the picket line 
by way of diversion. Invariably our portion of the line 
would be allotted to us, between Fort Hell and Fort 
Damnation. These forts were situated near the Jerusa- 
lem plank road, opposite each other, and about three 


hundred feet apart. Artillery duels with the 16 heavy 
cannon on a side, assisted by the mortar batteries adjacent 
to the "forts, was an hourly occurrence. The shot and 
shell passing directly over our heads, gave us the right to 
so name the forts, and draw allegorical scenes and locate 
a section of the so-called fiery furnace, upon this unpleas- 
ant position. The picket line was named "purgatory,"' 
by Capt. Jack Crawford, the poet scout, a member of the 
48th Pa. Vol., who after the war became a famous scout 
and Indian fighter on the plains. 

September 2, 1 864, Gen. Hancock appointed Capt. J . E- 
Curtiss Brigade Inspector, subject to the approval of Gen. 
Meade. September 15th, we moved into Fort Haskell and 
picketed the line 30 days. Near the fort was placed the 
Petersburg express, a mortar carrying a 200 lb. shell. 
The mortar was placed- upon a hand car on the track of 
Petersburg and Norfolk RR., the car being pushed out of 
range after a shot was fired. The ponderous shell would 
slowly tumble over and fall in the streets of the city. ' 

An order came one day to "hold the fort" at all hazards. 
We minutely expected an attack, and the suspense was 
worse than an engagement. Grant expected the enemy 
would create a diversion in our front, while Gen. Butler 
advanced his two Corps north of the James, where they 
engaged the enemy with success. The rebel army was 
now, in a degree, in a demoralized condition. They had 
sent Wade Hampton, with all their cavalry, round by war 
of Reams Station, making a circuit, and attacking Kautz 
cavalry, drove them in, and captured two thousand five 
hundred beef cattle. Doubtless it elevated their spirits. 
A large creek flowed in the rear of our lines. The camp 
kettles came up and we soon became experts as laundrv- 
men. The enemy's mortar shells dropped among the men 
who passed to and from the creek. 


The Chaplain of the ist Minnesota, whose time of ser- 
vice had expired, returned to the army in the capacity of 
Land Agent. Through the Chaplain, many of the boys 
located, by proxy, a claim of one hundred and sixty acres 
of land on the Winnebago Reservation, Minnesota. The 
Government fees were fourteen dollars, and the Chaplain 
received five dollars more for his labor. The Chaplain vis- 
ited all the Army Corps, and was very successful, and at 
pay day the collection was made. About two months 
later, the Homestead deed was given to all those that had 
paid. This is the only land deed the soldier has received 
from the Government for his services in preserving the 
country. Before the expiration of the war, many of the 
boys who paid the money to the Government became 
actual settlers beneath the surface of Virginia's soil, occu- 
pying a space six feet by two and one foot deep. Accord- 
ing to the statutes, the money paid still remains in the U. 
S. Treasury, while some one else has settled the claim, 
paying the Government fees for the second time. 

About the 15th of Oct. we moved out of Fort Haskell 
and resumed our picketing in front of Fort Hell. Firing 
ceased between the occupants of the post on the left of 
the road, the angles being in such close proximity, it was 
certain death to show their heads. By working nights 
we finished a sap extending to the main line ; many were 
shot in so doin^, even when lving flat on their face. We 
obtained good water from a well on the right of the fort. 
Many were picked off, the enemy's sharp-shooters occupy- 
ing a position behind a brick house which had fallen down. 
A grand display of fireworks occurred nightly between the 
mortar batteries. The infantry pickets caught the fever 
for display, and manufactured a rocket by placing damp- 
ened powder in a hollow bullet. The sight was beautiful 
as they ascended, for miles alone the line. The earth- 


works were massive, and in front were placed young trees 
fifteen feet long. The butts were pinned to timbers and 
buried underground ; the points were sharpened and raised 
about five feet, pointing towards the enemy. In front of 
this abattis was placed four trip wires six feet apart and 
four inches from the ground. At the rear of the main 
line, the bomb proofs were erected. A channel was dug 
eight feet wide by four deep. Posts were set deep in the 
ground, and a roof of logs covered the channel, slanting 
toward the front, and covered with four feet of earth ; yet 
still a shell would penetrate occasionally. 

Several prominent men from Herkimer and Otsego vis- 
ited the camp, urging upon us the necessity of casting our 
votes by proxy. A large majority voted for Lincoln. 
The confidence reposed in Gen Grant made us believe 
the bullet, and that only, would effect a peace. We be- 
lieved there was loyalty enough in the land to crush the 
rebellion before inauguration. Capt. Willard A. Musson 
commanded the regiment, and under his supervision every- 
thing was in prime order, and ever ready to make our ac- 
customed move, at a moment's notice. When of! duty 
we retired and slept in the bomb-proofs, dreaming of 
mother, home and friends. 



Boydton Plank Road. The Advance. Bounding Shells. Death of Charley 
Watson. The Rear Attacked. Gen. Eagen. Hemmed in. Close Calls. 
Miraculous Escapes. Rapid Transit of the Slaves. Grandfather Burgess. 
Supporting a Battery. Death of W. A. Musson. Death of Brave Kelsey. 
Grandson Burgess. In Union Ranks. Retreat in the Night. Fort Sted- 
man. Thirty Days in the Deadly Picket Trench. Countermining. The 
Paymaster. The Sutler. Homestead Deeds. Wild Geese. The Dead 
Man's Post. Rations of Glory. Dodging a Minnie. The Whitworth 
Shell. Gen. Eagen Wounded. Special Donation of Turkeys Thanks- 
giving Present From the Ladies of Herkimer and Otsego. 

/T\CT. 26th at 7 p. m. we slung knapsacks and proceed- 
\\J ed to Hatcher's Run. The next morningCol. Rugg 
charged the brigade across the stream, driving in the 
enemy's pickets. Two brothers of the 7th Michigan fell 
wrapped in the embrace of death. We proceeded on the 
west side of the run to the Boydton plank road, which was 
reached about noon. 

Gens. Grant, Meade and Hancock were promptly on 
the ground. Gregg's Cavalry had been sent off to the ex- 
treme left, to create a division on the enemy's right. Gen. 
Smythe, Third Brigade, held the right, Price the centre, 
and Rugg the left, Beck's Battery co-operating. We ad- 
vanced in line through the open field in the face of the 
enemy's shells, which came bounding toward us, one strik- 
ing Charley Watson, killing him instantly, and wounding 
Matt House, who was sent to the rear, where he met the 
enemy following on our track. House was taken pris- 

Heavv firing was heard in the direction of the Fifth 
Corps, and it was expected they would form a junction 
with the Second. However, they failed. 


McCallistcr with a brigade of white diamonds, was 
advancing to our support, Seizing the advantage thus 
granted them, the enemy swept in our rear, with Mahone's 
Brigade, and carried off Metcalf's section of Beck's Ar- 
tillery. Continuing their attack they crossed the Boydton 
road and bore down upon our division. Gen. Eagen in 
command, with energy and promptitude changed front 
with his own division and McAllister's, and with the aid of 
Beck's and Roders, Fourth and Fifth Regulars, and Sleep- 
er's Tenth Massachusetts Batteries, succeeded in repulsing 
the enemy after a hard and prolonged fight. The enemy 
left in our hands three battle flags and five or six hundred 

The Corps lost in this affair about nine hundred killed 
and wounded and four hundred prisoners. The enemy 
fell back, but kept up a severe fire on our position until 
we left the field. 

When the battle fairly opened we became located upon 
the farm of Wm. Burgess, a former resident of Winfield, 
N. Y., a brother to the late Dean Burgess, Herkimer, N. 
Y. Burgess sought protection at headquarters, while the 
slaves immediately started in rapid transit. We halted 
in rear of the mansion. Capt. Musson ordered the regi- 
ment to lie down in time to escape a shell which came tear- 
ing up our flank. The shelling was kept up about thirty 
minutes. Each one was fired low, grazing very close and 
directly over the line. Capt. Musson with his officers, 
Dygert, Butler, McCann, Stebbins and others, paced the 
ground two and fro, being good targets for the enemy, 
but they miraculously escaped. We finally moved by the 
flank and took position, supporting a battery which was 
stationed near the barn. This battery was dealing out 
shot and shell across the valley, and doing considerable 
havoc in the rebel ranks. Capt. Musson walked a few 


puces from his regiment and reclined upon the hillside, 
viewing the situation and watching the execution of 
our shells. He called to an officer to accompany him, 
when a return shot struck him, killing him instantly. He 
was a young man, brave and efficient in his duties and a 
good commander. He had been wounded at Spottsylva- 
nia, but did not leave the field. Again, May 31st, he re- 
ceived a severe wound, which obliged him to retire. Lieut. 
Wm. E. Stebbins, Hastings, and others conveyed the body 
from the field for the purpose of burial. The following 
October his father, accompanied by Lieut. Stebbins, visit- 
ed the grave and removed the remains to his former home, 
Gilbertsville, N. Y. In memory of his services and that 
life he gave that the nation might live, his comrades are. 
united in Fraternity, Charity and Loyalty, and known as 
W. A. Musson Post, G. A. R. 

During the shelling a demonstration was made by the 
enemy to capture the battery. A body of troops rushing 
pell mell, and coming from the woods in full retreat, were 
stopped by the regiment and faced about, repelling the 
attack. Gen. Eagen, upon taking command of the Divi- 
sion, ordered the breaking up of all regimental brass bands 
and the men returned to the ranks. This was their initia- 
tion in the mysteries and miseries of the fiery furnace. 
They came forth purified and much charmed with their 
new occupation. 

After the firing ceased, we walked about viewing the 
premises, when a young recruit of Company E recognized 
his grandparents' home. Crossing the road he entered the 
house and secured the family record, photographs, and a 
small powder horn of his own make. He had resided 
there five years previous. Darkness coming on, we occu- 
pied a low breastwork, the enemy keeping up a heavy fire, 
the minnies coming from both wavs. The front was the 


rear, and the rear was the front. Perforations of the phys- 
ical system was very apt to take place without consulting 
us, as to the parts preferred. Chauncey Kelsey of Com- 
pany C, who recaptured the flag at Cold Harbor, while 
sitting on the ground with his back against the breast- 
work, was shot in the breast. His comrade returned with 
the canteens of water, and endeavored to pass one to 
Kelsey, requesting hirn to take the water. He spoke to 
a corpse. 

During the day several went to the rear after water and 
were captured. Proceeding on their way with their rebel 
escort, they met the Capt. of the Provost Guard, who r 
viewing the situation, immediately ordered those rebel 
prisoners to drop their guns. The Johnnies coincided with 
his opinion, and became law abiding citizens thereafter. 

The 7th Michigan, through the excitement of the night 
in making our escape, was left on the picket line. They 
came into camp four days later, having made a detour 
around the enemy's flank. Hermon Delong, of Company 
B, being sick and unable to walk, lay alongside of the 
road. He was found four days after by our cavalry scouts. 
He died at Washington soon after. Hiram Barber, of 
Company E, was at Division headquarters on special duty. 
He was shot bv a straggling rcb., through fear or malice. 
He was severely wounded, and died a few vears after the 
war. John Wicks, who had captured a rebel flag, and 
was awarded a medal of honor, by an act of Congress, 
was wounded. 

Late in the day of the 28th, we came to a halt, resting 
a day or two, when we advanced to the front line, and 
entered Fort Steadman. Both armies had now become 
restored to their natural fighting qualities. The excessive 
heat of the summer's sun having passed, the blue and the 
grey strove their mightiest to reduce the relative strength 


of each other. Heavy firing was kept up by both cannon 
and infantry, along the line, without cessation. Sharp 
shooters were on the alert, picking off the unwary. Our 
duty on the picket line was severe and hazardous. The 
fall rains descending, caused a stream of mud to run down 
the picket trench. Wood chopping on both sides was 
extremely dangerous, as heavy volleys would be fired in 
the direction of the sound, both night and day. 

Dark and rainy nights, the demoralized troops of the lost 
cause would crawl through the mud, and give themselves 
in the care of Uncle Sam. 

During the June fights a body had been buried in front, 
and in cutting through for a picket trench it had become 
exposed to view. We named it "the dead man's post/ 
Three cents were found in the pockets by a Sergeant, and 
considered atrophy of w T ar. One night the Johnnies ad- 
vanced on the upper end of a strip of land, cutting off the 
men on that portion of our line, it being, a branch line, 
and a stream of water running on both sides. There was 
a portion captured ; a few escaped by swimming. 

A shaft twenty feet deep was sunken on the outside of 
the fort, with a tunnel running from the bottom. One 
man was on guard at the farther end of the tunnel to 
listen for any countermining operations, as it was strongly 
suspected the enemy would try and blow us out of exist- 
ence, in retaliation for the 30th clay of July fracas. Many 
cold and dreary hours we spent underneath the ground, 
with the water dripping out of the earth, and wondered 
how the services of the American soldier would be appre- 
ciated at the end of the great struggle. 

to OO 

The artillery duels at night were beautiful to those who 
viewed them from afar, or saw the pictures in an illustrat- 
ed paper. The enemy had one battery on our front. We 
christened it the terror, as it would drop a bomb in the 



ditch outside the fort. Our position was taken at the 
parapets, where we would remain watching the bright 
meteors late in the night. Shells were continually dropping 
between the fort and the creek in the rear, although it did 
not in any way deter the men from keeping up a continual 
travel, for the purpose of obtaining wood, water, and 
washing clothes. 

One evening the Captain of the Mortar Battery on the 
right of the fort, was killed. Pat Curtin, Dr. Ingham's 
old servant, had returned to his company, and while on 
picket a shell hit him, rendering amputation necessary ^ 
Curtin dying in the operation. 

The deadly picket trench and every spot in and around 
the fort was extremely hazardous,every minute, both day and 
night. Why so many lives were preserved wasindeedone 
of the mysteries of war. A comrade while pacing his " beat " 
on the parapet of the fort, came suddenly to a halt ; in- 
stantly a bullet descended, burying deep in the hard ground 
between his feet. 

A shell dropped in front of an officer's tent while the 
fuse was still burning. A private grasped it, throwing it 
down deep in the ravine. 

A narrow ditch connected the picket line with the 
main breastworks. At Fort Stedman it was unfinished, 
ending about one-half the distance. A comrade emerged 
from the ditch and walked leisurely toward the main line, 
carrying the canteens to refill. A report and whiz of the 
bullet passed over, when the comrade dropped flat on his 
face. It was supposed, he was "done up" and the boys 
would have to ^o without water. He arose from the 
ground and proceeded on his way ; upon his return he 
stated that he dropped when he heard the report of the 
gun. It was a quick move and founded on scientific prin- 
ciples; the musket resting on the ground caused the sound 



to travel faster than the missile, but there was no time to 
spare. Just back of a portion of the picket trench was a 
piece of woods. The bullets had completely riddled them. 
It was a handy place to obtain fuel and many risks were 
taken, the sharpshooters' bullets keeping time with the 
blows of the axe. 

There were some in the ranks of our friends over the 
way who were humorously inclined. They would call 
over, inviting us to hold up our hands and get a six-month's 
furlough. Doubtless there were some who would fire high, 
but as a general practice they shot to kill. 

One bright day a flock of wild geese flew down the line 
between the two armies. The pickets of both lines opened 
fire on the flock, in the fond hopes of obtaining a pot pie. 
The artillerists flew to their guns, thinking there was a 
break in their lines. The men in the rear who were en- 
gaged in getting rations, wood, water, etc., wishing a share 
of the rations of glory, sprang with alacrity to the line in 
front. The fusilade was kept up for an hour, the geese 
meanwhile sailing away toward the river. 

Gen. Eagen visited the picket line nightly, accompanied 
by his staff, and upon passing the posts the boys would 
salute, by firing together, first loading each Enfield with 
four cartridges. 

Our regiment was selected with five others to attack a 
rebel fort on our left, the charge to be led by Gen. Ea^en 
in person. The night before the appointed time, Eagen. 
with his stafT while viewing the situation beyond the picket 
line, was hit with a bullet, thus postponing the attack. 
We lost three men by the fatal bullet, Oscar Avery, shot 
in the head while resting on his knees among several of 
the comrades, viewing the Whitworth shell as it passed 
screeching overhead ; George F. Bush and James Hub- 
bard were killed on the picket line. 



Money was plenty and we patronized the sutler. Sweet 
potatoes and onions were sold at fifteen cents per pound, 
the Government supplying the officers through the com- 
missary at one cent per pound. The privates pay was 
sixteen dollars per month, the officer's one hundred and 
upwards. Everything seemed to be in a reversed con- 
dition. When we lost a comrade the sutler was the chief 
mourner. He lost the trade, and if there was a balance 
due, the orders on the paymaster were null and void. He 
would have to present his account, and collect his claim, 
in the high courts above, to the great accountant, in the 
clearing house beyond the skies. 

We often realized the great danger we voluntarily as- 
sumed, and the chances of an early dissolution of the physi- 
cal body with the spiritual body. Our moral nature gave 
us strength, and the full knowledge that it was a soldier's 
duty to die gave contentment. 

The Sanitary Commission, who had fed the sick and 
wounded during the war, and not forgetful of the veter- 
ans at the front, presented the army with a shipload of 
extra viands on Thanksgiving day. The ladies of Herki- 
mer and Otsego made a special donation to the 152nd 
N. Y. A large box of turkeys arrived, upon which we 
feasted and rejoiced, amidst scenes of death. 


Down the Weldon Railroad. Extra Duty in Front. Capture of a would-be De- 
serter. Tue 2nd N. Y. M. Rifles. The Virginia Hog. Milk, Honey and 
Pork. Race for Life. Sleeping on Post. Soldiers' Tricks. Confederate 
Bonds. Hanging of Bounty jumpers. Hatcher's Run. Seven Days Cam- 
paign. Agonizing Weather. Rebel Pickets. The Cradle and the Grave. 
The Lookout. The Confederacy. Attempt to Consolidate. Gen. F. E. 
Spinner's Interference. New Recruits. Gen. Grant. The Open Knife. 

>f^HE last of November, the leaves began to fall, giv- 
i}) ing the enemy a chance to sight their cannon and 
plant a shell with more precision. We moved from 
Fort Steadman, and took up our abode near Hatcher's 
Run. The Magnolia and many kinds of balm grew in 
the sw T amps, the roots and fallen leaves colored the water 
with a reddish hue. The curative powers of the w T ater 
improved the physical condition of the men. Maj. James 
E. Curtiss assumed command of the regiment. He had 
acted as Assistant Adjutant General on brigade staff, a 
position which required a man of extraordinary ability 
and intelligence in military affairs. We at once began to 
build winter quarters. Under the direction and command 
of Major Curtiss, the streets were laid out, and each shanty 
built alike, making a model village. Beards were obtained 
from a plantation and used for shelves, etc,, carrying them 
into camp a distance of four miles. When all was settled 
and completed, and ready to move in, orders came to hold 
ourselves in readiness to move out at i o'clock a. m. The 
Sixth Corps had arrived from the Valley, new dispositions 
were made, the winter quarters along that whole line of 
thirty miles were by Gen. Grant's most wonderful and 
mysterious orders levelled to the ground. We moved at 
the appointed hour, and took our position vacated by the 
Fifth Army Corps. 


The Fifth Corps and the first division of the Second 
Corps, accompanied by the cavalry, left the front line and 
proceeded en a raid. The objective point was to destroy 
the Weldon railroad, from below Ream's station to Hicks- 
ford bridge, a distance of seventy miles. They were suc- 
cessful in the dutv assigned them, thus effectuallv cutting 
off railroad communication by that road, burning the 
bridge across the river. 

Upon their return to camp, they gave a glowing descrip- 
tion of this country, overflowing with milk, honey, and 
pork. Some of their yarns were not credited, as it is a 
well known fact that a cavalryman would lie, as well as 

It was told upon their return, that upon the campaign, 
a member of the 2nd N. Y. Mounted Rifles, lost his horse, 
and nearly his life, under very peculiar circumstances. 
Owing to the fact that the writer is intimately acquainted 
with the hero, he will forbear to use his name, which would 
undoubtedly cast ridicule upon one of the bravest men 
who ever fired a gun or drew a sabre. He had followed 
the fortunes of Little Mac, serving in the old 34th X. 
Y., and had participated in every fight with that regiment 
from Ball's Bluff to Fredericksburg, May, 1863. Upon 
the expiration of his time, his soul craved to see the death 
of the Confederacy, and from pure patriotic motives he 
joined the company at Little Falls, N. Y. For the good 
he had already done, his company appointed him Com- 
missary Sergeant. 

One day the Company clamored for meat, and looked 
to "Ratio" to furnish the desired article. In the wilds 
of Virginia and North Carolina, there exists a hog, run- 
ning at large, and has so continued to run since the days 
of Herman Cortes, who brought the progenitors of this 
animal from Spain, A. D. 15 19. After which, they began 





to migrate, swimming the Rio Grande, and taking up their 
habitation in the vast everglades, swamps and jungles ol 
which the country abounds. It has been intimated that 
Tarick, upon the conquest of Spain, 771 A. D., brought 
with him from the northern wilds of Africa, this species, 
somewhat resembling the hippopotamus, crossed with the 
rhinosceros. During all these years it can be safely as- 
sumed that the original animal had been greatly improved 
by crossing with the hogs of other nations, keeping pace 
with the age and improvement of mankind, removing the 
ban of uncleanliness, making it an edible article. 

u Ratio " could not bear to hear the piteous wails of his 
comrades, so springing upon his faithful charger and sling- 
ing his trusty Spencer rifle on the pommel of his saddle, 
he started on a wild forage. Scenting the game clo^e at 
hand, he started the beast from its lair by firing a shot 
over the fore-top of his horse. Crazed with the wound in 
•his ham, the hog reared upon his haunches, and with one 
spring dashed through the dense underbrush. ''Ratio" pur- 
sued, driving the spurs deep in the flank of his charger. 
Onward they sped with lightning rapidity, the hog one 
lap ahead. 

They had proceeded thus two miles or more, when di- 
rectly in front of the hog there stood a massive pine tree 
loaming up like the king of the forest. Being under such 
headway, the hog could not turn to the right or left ; 
stretching forth his long snout he went through the tree, 
splitting it as though riven by lightning. Crowding close 
upon the rear of the hog, it was an utter impossibility for 
"Ratio" to turn or check his horse, so through the gap his 
horse followed the hog. But alas ! The tree closed with 
a loud report upon the hind quarters of the horse, "Ratio" 
barely escaping with his life. 


The reader of the foregoing varn is at liberty to believe 
the whole or a part, as his judgment dictates. Truth being 
stranger than fiction, it is no easy matter to discern where 
the truth leaves off and fiction begins, in listening to a 
soldier's yarn, especially the cavalry branch of the service. 

Taking the place of the Fifth Army Corps, our Division 
and the Third was stretched out to its utmost capacity. One 
regiment was left to protect Division headquarters, and 
the balance advanced, occupying the picket line perma- 
nently. The weather was cold with light falls of snow, 
sleet and rain, freezing nights, and high winds. 

The wood was inaccessible to some posts, which was the 
case with our regiment. The posts being placed through 
an open field, and about three hundred feet apart, with 
three privates, a Sergeant or Corporal apportioned to each 
post, making the duty "on post" sixteen hours; the bal- 
ance, eight hours, divided by sleeping, cooking and obtain- 
ing wood. 

At the end of ten days we were somewhat exhausted. 
Doubtless many comrades would steal a march on the 
officers and run the deathly risk of snatching a few 
minutes' sleep on duty. One night the wind howled 
through the tops of the tall trees. A comrade advanced on 
vidette tothe woods, when he at once lay behind a fallen 
tree and proceeded to sleep, just two hours sharp. When 
the Captain and Corporal came out with the relief guard, they 
found the post deserted, and called for post No. 4, which 
awakened the comrade, who advanced to the Captain. 
Upon being asked if he had been asleep, the private 
answered, no ! as it was impossible to sleep on such a 
howling night. 

Gen. Lee had, prior to this time, issued circulars and 
passed them through the picket line to our men, stating if 
anyone would desert the Union army he would send them 




through the blockade to their homes. Not having the 
facilities to fulfill their contract, such men generally found 
themselves transported to the outside of Salisbury prison, 
where they suffered, starved, and died, in equal numbers 
as those who were confined within the stockade. One 
night we received a lost visitor coming from the rebel 
line. He gave himself up as a deserter from the Union 
army, and wanted to see Gen. Lee and be sent home. We 
sent for Capt. Chas. H. Dygert, who questioned the de- 
serter. He proved to be a member of the 184 Pa., the 
regiment lying to the rear at Division Headquarters. The 
Captain sent him under guard. Imagine his surprise in 
passing his own regiment, the lights disclosing to him his 
whereabouts. He was tried by Court Martial and one 
month after was executed in the presence of the brigade. 
The profound ignorance of the man was the greater crime, 
and upon that altar his life was sacrificed. 

The Johnnies were quite peaceable at this time, prob- 
ably from the shortage of rations. The Weldon road was 
now effectually destroyed, and the food had to be brought 
for both cities on the one remaining road. Our armv was 
rolling up an immense debt which will take many years to 
"pay. The Confederacy relied upon free and gratuitous con- 
tributions for food, and with the help of England's capital- 
its, who accepted their promises to pay six months after 
the Confederacy would arrive at maturity ; they managed 
to exist through the winter. England still awaits and 
hopes for the day when these bonds will be paid in cotton 
or gold. 

We were at last relieved from our extraordinary duty 
and went into camp near Patrick's station, the terminus of 
the army railroad. The teamsters had carried off our 
beautiful village for their own use, compelling us to lay 
out and erect the second shantv. The balance of Decern- 



ber and January we picketed near Hatcher's Run, and fur- 
nished daily our share of 5,000 men engaged in building 
Fort Fisher — an earthwork situated on the left of the 
" Lookout," and enclosing six acres, surrounded by a ditch 
sixteen feet wide and eight feet deep, the fort being one of 
the strongest on the line. Maj. J. E. Curtiss left the 
regiment and returned to brigade headquarters, as his ser- 
vices there were indispensable. Capt. Chas. H. Dygert 
and Capt. Frank D. Butler commanded the regiment up 
to the month of March, much to the satisfaction of the 

Every Friday, while in this camp, the Second Corps 
formed a square, near the lookout, and witnessed the exe- 
cution of six deserters and bounty jumpers, by hanging. 
The gallows was large and commodious, accommodating 
six, who all dropped at once, taking their last jump on 
earth. Those that were executed in this way were bounty 
jumpers of the worst stripe. Failing to escape on their way 
to the *' front," they would take the place assigned them 
and watch a favorable opportunity to escape to the enemy, 
when they would take the oath of allegiance to the Con- 
federacy and enlist in the rebel service. The rebels under- 
standing their game, would put them under the strictest 
surveillance, but they would manage to escape during a bat- 
tle, with arms in their possession, and when recognized 
they would be arrested. 

We had a pleasant camp and laid in a stock of wood 
enough to last two weeks. Vieing with each other in 
cleaning rifles, accoutrements, clothing, etc., with the 
promise of a furlough to the best model of perfection — the 
best three in twenty thousand — we passed the winter 

The rainy season opened February 1st, and continued 
until March 15th, 1S65. Maj. Curtiss delivered an order 



to the regiment, to hold ourselves in readiness to move at 
1 o'clock a. m., February 5th. We built camp fires with 
the surplus wood on hand late in the night. During the 
night the Fifth Corps moved out and extended their lines 
for the purpose of enveloping the enemy's flank, and 
striking the Southside railroad. We formed on the road 
at daylight and took position in the centre of the brigade. 
The order was given to the brigade to charge the pickets 
of the enemy, and with a renewal of the old courage which 
had not become rusty, we drove the pickets into the 

The 7th Michigan, of our Brigade, and the 1st Delaware 
and 7th W. Va. of the Third brigade, all armed with Sharp's 
and Spencer's seven shooters, conceal'ed themselves in the 
gulf where the Johnnies stole up on the 27th Oct. 1864. 
Unsuspectingly they advanced, when suddenly from the 
repeating rifles there belched forth a fire, mowing and cut- 
ting the enemy down with frightful loss. Our regiment 
held their position seven days and suffered the most cruel 
and agonizing weather that we had experienced during 
our service. On the morning of the 5th several bullets 
struck us in the rear. We constructed a few low T breast- 
works, running at right angles with the main and obliquely- 
Between these flanking works fires were built and the 
whirlwind caused a blinding smoke. The day was wet, 
the nights cold and freezing, the blankets remaining on the 
ground frozen fast, until the middle of the day. The 
knowledge that the enemy was suffering tenfold more, was 
consoling to the mind, yet sorrowful, when considered 
from humanity's stand point. The next forty days we 
picketed the line and received many soaking rains. Gen. 
Grant had issued circulars sending them out to the rebel 
picket line by the officers of the regiment, Capt. D. B. 
Fitch distributing several in one ni^ht The terms were, 



if the rebs would come over on our side, and bring their 
arms, they were to receive sixteen dollars for each musket. 
The result was, they came singly and in groups. Old men, 
gray haired and infirm ; young boys and children watched 
their chance to desert the falling cause. Truly, the cradle 
and grave of Davis' dominions had been robbed to obtain 
recruits, and now in a figurative sense it was hanging over 
the kettle of hell; Gen. Grant with open knife was ready 
to cut the string. 

On or about the ist of March there was a strong move- 
ment on foot to consolidate our regiment with some others, 
thereby losing our colors and officers. It had been done 
in several instances throughout the army. The matter 
was kept quiet among the men to prevent excitement. 
Major James E. Curtiss immediately commenced the fol- 
lowing correspondence, to prevent the breaking up of the 
regiment : 

Headquarters 152D Regt. N. Y. V., ) 

March 7, 1865. j 

Capt. Will Gilder, A. A. G. : 
Capt. : 

I would respectfully request that three 
hundred men, from the quota of the State of New York 
be assigned to this regiment. 

I am, Capt., very respectfully, your Obedient Servt., 


Maj. Com. Regt. 

Headquarters ist Brigade, ) 
March 7, 1865. ) 

Approved, as this regiment is well officered, and in 
fine condition, desires men to bring it up to the maximum. 

Bvt. Brig. Gen. Commanding Brigade. 


Headquarters 2nd Division 2nd A. C, ) 

March 9, 1865. ) 
Respectfully forwarded and approved. This regiment 
should be filled up, if possible. 

Brig. Gen. Vol. Commanding Division. 

Headquarters 2nd Army Corps, ) 
March 9, 1865. ) 
Respectfully returned ; pursuant to instructions from 
Headquarters of the Army of the Potomac, statements 
have been already forwarded exhibiting the strength of 
each regiment, and the number of recruits required for 
each. Unless the War Department requests that regiments 
shottld be named that should preferably be filled, a paper 
like this might be deemed intrusive. 

Maj. Gen. Com. 2nd Army Corps. 

March 10, 1865, ) 
Headquarters 2nd Division 2nd A. C. f 
Respectfully returned with reference to the endorse- 
ment by Maj. Gen. Commanding Corps. 

Maj. Gen. HAYES. 
Respectfully returned. , 
By order of Brevet Brig. Gen. WEST, 

Commanding Brigade. 

Treasury U. S. ) 
March 16, 1865. ) 
Dear Sir: Your letter of the 13th instant is just received, 
and in accordance with vour wishes I have this dav ad- 
dressed a note to the Honorable, the Secretary of War, 
recommending the maintenance of the I52d Regiment, 
and asking that an order issue for filling it up. 

Yours, truly, 

Maj. J. E. Curtiss, 15 2d N. Y. V., 
Hatcher's Run, Va. 


The Last Campaign. Break in the Line. Battling Thirty Miles in Length. Lee's 
Plans. Breaking Camp. The Mule Telegraph. Ordered to the Front 
Dabney's Mill?. Slinginsr More Gore. Capture of the Fort. The Quaker 
Guns. Gen. Warren. Eouted. Little Phil Sheridan. Desperate Battle. 
Saved by the Second Corps. Five Forks. Heavy Battle. The Works are 
Ours. The Last Ditch. Retreat of Lee. Petersburgh Sealed. Close Up. 
The Stars and Bars. Through Swamps and Forest. High Bridge. Death 
of Gen. Smythe. Farmville. Slaughter of the Innocents. Capture of Trains. 
Hoe Cake Kettles, etc. Plantation Hands Free and Naturalized. Attack 
on the Bee Hives. Sacrifice of an Infant. The Eighth Day. Signs of the 
End. Gen. Meade. Token of Peace. Surrender of Lee. The Day of Jubi- 
lee. The Blue and Gray. 

TTbOUT the middle of March the warm winds 
^ JL began to blow, drying up the mud. Preparations 
for the coming campaign were hastened. Gen. 
Lee with desperate anxiety, opened the ball on the day 
\v T hen all our arrangements were perfected. On the 25th 
of March, at daylight, the picket line was attacked and 
captured in front of Fort Steadman, situated on the de- 
clivity known as Hare's hill, and about four hundred feet 
from the rebel line. The picket trench was fully one hun- 
dred and fifty feet from the fort and so sudden was the 
attack they were gobbled up before they could make a 
show of resistance. 

Gordon's troops rushed to the attack, entering the fort 
and capturing the garrison of 500 men, and occupied 
Mortar Batteries Nine, Ten and Eleven, lying ad- 
jacent to the fort. Our line extended over the enormous 
distance of thirty miles, resembling an immense anaconda, 
slowly, but surely, drawing its coils around the the body 
of the expiring Confeds. Evidently Lee's plan was to 
break through the lines at Fort Stedman, wheel his troops 


to the left and march down the line, taking in turn Forts 
Haskell, Morton, Meikle and the rest, while one column 
would destroy the military railroad, march to City Point, 
burn and sack all military stores and shipping in the 
harbor and burn the pontoons, thus cutting off the army 
of the James, and finally effect a junction with Gen. Joe 

But the sorely tried Army of the Potomac, so often de" 
feated but never dishonored, was at last about to reap the 
fruit of its long toil and labor. Lee fearing to meet Grant, 
.which he knew was inevitable, sought thus to breakaway. 
His onward rush was, however, checked by the guns of 
Fort Haskell. The infantry of Wilcox's First Division, 
Ninth Army Corps having been rallied, supported by Hart- 
ranft's Division of the Ninth Army Corps, made an im- 
petous charge upon the enemy. Massing all our batteries 
on Fort Steadman the fire was concentrated on the rebel 
troops, and with the aid of Hartranft's infantry, drove 
them off the ground, capturing seventeen hundred and 
fifty-eight prisoners. Our loss was nine hundred. 

At ten o'clock all was quiet. Following up the advant" 
age thus gained, Gen. Grant ordered the Second and Fifth 
Army Corps to charge the intrenched picket line of the 
enemy. Lee at once increased his force and at 11 a. m. 
was prepared to resist and countercharge our lines. The 
battle raged all day to its utmost height, and by sundown 
we had succeeded in forcing the enemy back to his main 
line, capturing ten battle flags and twenty -eight hundred 
prisoners, making about five thousand for the day's work. 
That of the Union army was officially stated at two thous- 
and three hundred and ninety. Gen. Meade issued a con- 
gratulatory order to the army, particularly specifying the 
gallant action and determined and persistent part taken; by 
the Second Army Corps. 


Grant, fearing Lee would escape, sent Sheridan on the 
left, where he arrived on the 26th. On the night of the 
28th tents were struck, personal property abandoned, 
overcoats diminished, making a cutaway jacket without 
collar, cuffs or cape. Being in light marching order we 
moved at 6 a. m. 29th. The army mule was a central 
figure ; strapped upon his back was a reel of cable which 
slowly uncoiled, forming the army telegraph. Gen. War- 
ren was assigned the left. Gen. Hancock, on account of 
failing health, had been assigned to duty in Washington, 
his old Gettysburg wound incapacitating him from per- 
forming field service. 

The Sixth and Ninth Corps held their position in front 
of the city, while a portion of the Twenty-fourth and 
Twenty-fifth Army Corps occupied the line made vacant 
by the Second and Fifth. While our regiment was specu- 
lating upon our good fortune in occupying this apparently 
quiet position, a somewhat chilling order struck us on the 
flank, and by the general outlook we were not destined ta 
sleep under northern skies without slinging more gore. 

The 152nd N.JV. and the old Tammany, the 42nd X. 
Y., were to proceed to Dabney's Mills, on a reconnaissance. 
Slinging knapsacks, we advanced across the open field until 
we arrived at a piece of woodland, where we viewed the 
enemy's works mounted with bristling cannon. There 
was no enemy in sight, but everything seemed by general 
appearance to be an ambush. Not wishing to draw the 
Are of the enemy prematurely, the men were ordered in 
the woods under cover, while the officers conferred to- 
gether upon the plan how to capture the fort. Lieut. Col. 
Curtiss volunteered to charge the fort, with his regiment 
directly in front, while the 42nd and 19th Maine, who had 
arrived on the ground, stole around under cover of the 
woods and attacked both flanks and rear. 



While the conference was continued, Roselle Woodhull, 
of Company E, a veteran who had served under Gen. 
McClellan, proceeded without orders, his gun at right 
shoulder shift, and walked leisurely toward the fort. He 
mounted the parapets, and found it deserted. We ad- 
vanced, and upon examination found a pile of saw dust 
the color of Virginia soil. Mounted upon wagon wheels 
was placed burnt logs, which resembled cannon. We had 
passed the same place on the night of the 27th of October. 
Leaving Dabney's Mills in peaceable possession of the 
Quaker guns, we advanced and found our Division, which 
had made a forward movement. At 9 a. m., the Fifth 
Corps had connected with our corps. At 3:30 p. m., Bush- 
rod Johnson's Division attacked the skirmishers of Sickle's 
Brigade of Griffin's Division, and burst with great fury 
upon the whole Division, but was checked by Crawford 
and Myers coming to their assistance. 

On the morning of the 30th, the right of our Corps 
rested on Hatchers Run, and in the front the enemy was 
in force. Sheridan had formed on the left of the Fifth 
Corps. The enemy baffled all our attempts to turn his 
right by cavalry, as his works were well manned by infant- 
ry. The left of our Division extended to the Boydton 
plank road, near the Burgess farm, our old fighting ground 
of October 27th. The Fifth Corps moved out due west 
about one mile, facing northward, and picketing in front 
of the enemy's breastworks along the White Oak road. 

On Friday, the 31st, began a movement, the objective 
point to gain was the final dissolution of the rebel army. 
The Fifth Corps, moving by the left flank, commenced 
the attack by driving in the enemy's skirmishers, thus 
drawing Ayres' Division below the White Oak road. 
The enemy fell upon him, charging with his old time 
vigor. Ayres' troops resisted stubbornly, but nothing 


could resist the impetuous and ferocious onset that swept 
the field. Following up their advantage they pressed on, 
forcing Ayres back on Crawford's Division, breaking 
through their ranks and carrying that Division back to 
Griffin's, which followed the same fate. 

Leaving a part of his force to hold the Fifth Corps on 
the Boydton road, Lee turned his attention to the cav- 
alry, and about 5 p. m. had succeeded in driving them back 
to the Boydton road, but they quickly reformed to meet 
the reinforced Divisions of Pickett and Bushrod Johnson- 
The Fifth Corps reforming, met the desperate assaults with 
the help of the first Division of the Second Corps, who at- 
tacked the flank of the enemy, forcing them from the field. 
Our Division and the Third immediately moved by the left, 
covering the ground vacated by the first Division, and at 
once deployed and advanced on the enemy on our front. 
The timber between our brigade and the enemy had been 
slashed, preventing us from crossing over to the enemy's 
works. We kept up a heavy fire, nevertheless, holding 
them to their position, and preventing any force from 
leaving to reinforce their line at the points attacked. 

On the afternoon of the 31st, Grant placed Sheridan in 
command of both infantry and cavalry, a force of 30,000 
men. Grant, in thus deposing Warren, did not rob him 
of the honor, glory and renown he had already won on 
many hard fought battle fields. There was no time for 
deliberation. From the Atlantic to the Pacific, every eye 
was turned, every heart and pulse throbbed with suspense. 
The whole people were watching the events at the front. 
All knew that Lee was about to cast his last die. Unfor- 
tunately Warren could not witness the death struggle of 
the Confederacy. 

Saturday, April 1st, Sheridan dismounted his cavalry. 
Gregg and Mackenzie's Brigades were kept in the saddle 


to operate on the flanks. His purpose was to envelope 
the enemy's flank at Five Forks, wrap him up in his mass.- 
ive folds, and force him back on Petersburg. Sheridan 
kept his men up, the cavalrymen using the breech-loading 
carbine. The enemy fell slowly back, delivering a terrific 
fire upon our men, who fell in great numbers. The Fifth 
Corps advanced on the right, the enemy falling back some 
distance, and then made a decisive stand. They raked 
the advancing columns of the* men, with infantry and ar- 
tillery, and poured in their ranks a blinding sheet of fire. 
It was too much for the men, and they staggered back 
appalled. Encouraged by Sheridan, who was in all parts 
of the field, where the fight was the thickest, cheering and 
exhorting, with the dead and wounded falling around him 
they rushed on until the enemy was surrounded and ex- 
hausted. Another fierce struggle and the blood-stained 
works were ours. 

The struggle was fierce and strong, the troops rushing 
in at 1:30 p. m. Sheridan gathered in 10,000 prisoners. 
Our loss was 3,500. 

Gen. Grant had cut the string, and the beloved Confed- 
eracy was dropping down into the seething caldron. The 
fate of Petersburg was sealed. A continual fire of artil- 
lery was kept up the whole night. So rapid was the firing 
that it equaled the constant roar of thunder, the noise 
drowning the musketry. There was no cessation. No 
eye drooped that long night. The day of jubilee was ap- 

Lee at once prepared to withdraw his army. Grant in 
order to hasten his departure, formed the several Corps to 
break through the rebel lines at 4 o'clock Sunday morning. 
The enemy hurled shot and shell upon the approaching 
columns of the Sixth and Ninth Corps. However, they suc- 
ceeded in carrying the forts in their front, while the Twenty- 



fourth Corps pressed forward and reached the South- 
side railroad, and began tearing up the track. Our division 
and the Third crossed over the slashed timber and cap- 
tured 1,000 prisoners. One stalwart refused to lay down 
the stars and bars, preferring rather to die in the last 

The whole line was now swung in and prepared for a 
grand and final charge. Gen. A. P. Hill was killed in the 
conflict. The Sixth and Ninth Corps were equally 
honored in the capture of Fort Mahone. The forts and 
works taken were elaborate, and so strong, had they not 
been weakened by reducing their force to resist Sheridan, 
they could not have been captured. 

We passed the Burgess farm and found the house had 
been burned during the night, Andrew viewing the re- 
mains of his old home. We pressed on a few miles and 
halted in view of the city where we had striven to gain 
admission for the past two hundred and ninety-two days. 
Our brigade was ordered on a reconnoissance on the road 
leading away from the city. Our regiment deploying as 
skirmishers. We advanced about ten miles through inter- 
minable swamps and forests. We came to a clearing 
about sundown, and met a line of Fifth Corps troops advanc- 
ing towards us. They resembled North Carolina Blues, and 
our line officers ordered us to close up in expectancy of a 
fight. A slight disturbance occurred through the dis- 
obedience of orders, between a private and Captain, re- 
sulting in a court martial after the campaign. The private 
received an excursion ticket to Fort Delaware, in lieu of 
all pay and bounty due him. In the morning we joined 
the division and proceeded with the Corps, passing our 
camp of the previous night at 1 1 a. m. At night we 
were detailed for picket. On the 4th we marched rapidly, 
arriving at Jettersville at 5 p. m. 


Sheridan had headed off Lee at this point, turning his 
course away from Gen. Joe Johnson. We built breast- 
works during the night in anticipaton of a brush in the 

On the 5th a general advance was ordered, driving the 
rebel rear guard. We passed a molasses factory and ar- 
rived at a large mansion, inhabited by an old gentleman. 
W r e halted, stacked arms and immediately charged a row 
of bee-hives, securing the honey and utterly demoralizing 
the bees. W r e marched until 10 o'clock p. m, when we fell in 
for the usual picket duty, following a German Colonel who 
had us in charge. We obtained a crossing two miles be- 
low, and crossing the stream, walked up the opposite 
bank a mile above the starting point. The Colonel was 
late in the night striving to establish a picket line, but by 
some unaccountable reason he fell short of men and had 
to discontinue the work. We tried . to gain an hour's 
sleep, but were called in, and the whole regiment suddenly 
appeared, from some unknown source. At daybreak we 
joined the division and marched all day, camping in an 
open field near High Bridge, an immense trestle work 
which spans the Appomattox river, and one-half a mile in 
length. On the morning of the 7th, we were delayed one 
hour and lost the advantage we had gained by an early 
start. The distance to the bridge was about ten minutes 
walk. Upon our arrival the Johnnies had started a blaze 
on the opposite end, and it was soon wrapped in flames. 
We immediately charged across the valley beneath the 
bridge and drove the enemy up the heights beyond. Col. 
Smythe, at the head of the Third Brigade, was killed in the 

Before night the Third Brigade succeeded in overhaul- 
ing a wagon train. We passed near Farmville, and re- 
ceived a severe shelling. We filed to the right and waited 



for orders to charge through a dense undergrowth of 
woods, but finally passed around and ascended the heights, 
marching until nearly dark, when we came to a halt, and 
viewed the closing: scenes of a stubborn fight between the 
First Division and the enemy. Gen. Frank C. Barlow, 
now in command of our Division, offered Gen. Meade 
his services. Owing to the darkness of the night, the 
offer was not accepted. The 2nd N. Y. H. A. lost a 
large number in killed and wounded, in charging across 
the ravine. The 152nd N. Y. was called for picket. We 
established the line near the farm hoase. Here occurred 
the Slaughter of the Innocents. The barn contained 
forty head of sheep and lambs, reposing in innocent slum- 
ber. We celebrated the event by holding" a grand barbe- 

On the 8th, we started before daylight, following close 
upon the heels of the enemy, the Sixth Corps following. 
The route of our division, thus far, had lain through the 
woods, fields and ravines ; we were now in the road and 
could see the remnants of the Confederacy in the shape 
of spiked cannon, camp kettles, broken down wagons, 
hoecake bake-kettles. We halted at a plantation where a 
large body of slaves was assembled. We received their 
blessing for making them free and naturalized citizens 
upon the soil they were born. One of " Linkum's " sol- 
diers, to make the scene more impressive, reached over 
and caught a small pig confined in a pen, being the per- 
sonal property of Dinah. Taking his jacknife he sacri- 
ficed the infant hog upon the altar of liberty, covering the 
meat in his haversack. 

The rebs had drawn their last ration ; signs of destitu- 
tion followed their trail. Sheridan captured the wagon 
trains and thousands of the enemy fell in our hands com- 
pletely exhausted through hunger. Tobacco in its raw 




state was strewn along the road in large quantities. The artil- 
lery of the enemy would stop and send us their parting 
compliments, even shelling our ambulance train, contain- 
ing the sick and wounded. 

About 3 p. m. we passed a village called New Store ; it 
contained one house and was surrounded by several acres 
of land. The house contained a large quantity of flour, 
which was gradually transferred to the haversacks of the 
men. The route was mountainous, and with limbs swollen 
and feet sore, we halted on a hillock and drew hard tack. Be- 
fore the coffee was boiled, heavy cannonading was heard 
at the front. We fell in line ; our regiment detailed as 
flankers, on the left side of the road. Evidently, Sheri- 
dan and the 5th A. C. had crossed Lee's route. We 
halted about midnight and lay down to rest. Sunday, the 
9th of April, 1865, opened fair and pleasant. At sunrise 
we wended our way up the long and winding hills. We 
met Gen. Meade coming from the -opposite direction, rid- 
ing in an open carriage. Signs of the end was plain. 
The head of the column began to file off in an open field, 
massing in columns. Two miles more we arrived on the 
ground, stacked arms and awaited the next scene in the 
programme. All eyes were strained when we heard the 
clattering of hoofs. Gen. Meade, accompanied by offi- 
cers in blue and grey, rode by bowing and smiling and 
waving a token of peace. At last the day of jubilee had 
arrived. No pen can describe the joy and feeling of the 
forty thousand men assembled. The air resounded with 
cheers and shouts. Caps were thrown in the air, blank 
cartridges were fired by the artillery and all was rejoicing. 
Yet amid all this happiness there were some who mourned. 
The 121st N. Y. was across the road and brought the 
news of casualties. Some were relatives of members of 
our regiment. They had fought the battle until near the 




end, when a shell or bullet cut them off from the enjoy- 
ment of the glory and honor which they had won. James 
Hendricks, of the 121st, who had fought and served faith- 
fully since the formation of the regiment, fell on the 
morning of the 2nd. His brother, a member of the i52d 
N. Y., returned alone, to that good and grand mother 
who had given her son a sacrifice to his country. 

Since we entered the Wilderness to combat with the 
foe, our army had lost in killed, 10,280; wounded, 52,475 ; 
prisoners, 25,713; making a total of 90,, 


Grant's Victory. Four Years of War. Fraternally United. Homeward Bound. 
Bridge of Floating Logs. Burkesville. The Assassination. General Orders. 
Official Correspondence. Homeward Tramp of the Johnnies. Drilling. 
Pack up. On to Richmond. Greenbacks vs. Confederate Scrip. Review. 
Libby Prison. Fredericksburg. On the Road. The Home Stretch. Mun- 
son's Hill. The Last Grand Pic-nic. Hardtack and Salt Hog. Corps Re- 
view Farewell of Gen. Meade. Grand Review. New Commissions. 
Visiting for Rations. Special Orders. Camp Scenes. 

TTPRIL 9th, 1865, was Palm Sunday, which com- 
*J JL memorates our Saviour's triumphal march into 
the city of Jerusalem. Grant's victory made it a 
patriotic anniversary as well as a pious one. The Ameri- 
can citizen should keep in fond remembrance the peace 
established on that day. After four years of blood-shed 
we are united. The graves are many, but they sleep on 
our own soil. From the Atlantic to the Pacific one flag 
waves over all. The hatred of the soldiers of both armies 
has long since expired. North and South they rejoice 
in Fraternity and Charity. In fond remembrance of the 
heroic dead of those who wore the blue and grey, let the 
countersign be loyalty. The next two days our late oppo- 
nents became law abiding citizens, Gen. Grant conferring 
upon them all the rights of American citizenship. 

We faced homeward on the nth, passing through 
Farmville on the 12th. The rainfall of the 9th and 10th 
had so swollen the valley of the Appomattox, that the 
engineers constructed a bridge of floating logs, upon 
which we passed over. We halted for rations, which were 
curtailed, our Southern friends receiving a share. 

On the 14th we camped at Burkesville. Battalion and 
company drills were ordered for the benefit of the soldiers' 

i 5 6 


health. On the 1 8th the assassination of President Lin- 
coln was officially announced. The Johnnies passed the 
camps single and in squads, with many weary miles to 
travel, hungry, footsore and alone. They regretted the 
assassination of the President, and expressed their feelings 
in sorrow. 

General Orders No. 10, dated March 7, 1865, head- 
quarters Army of the Potomac. In accordance with ex- 
isting laws, and by the authority of Lieut.-Gen. Grant, it 
was ordered that there should be inscribed upon the colors 
or guidons of the regiments and batteries serving in the 
Army of the Potomac, on that date, the names of the bat- 
tles in which they had borne a meritorious part. The 
official list had been prepared by boards convened for that 
purpose, and each organization was officially notified. 
There were 193 infantry, 9 heavy artillery, 16 cavalry, 46 
batteries, total 264. Many had been consolidated, and 
others whose term of service had expired were not so cred- 
ited „on this list. On the 22nd day of April, 1865, Maj. J. 
E. Curtiss forwarded through the proper channels to 
army headquarters, a request that the 152nd N. Y. Vols, 
have inscribed upon their colors : Suffolk, Blackwater. 
Mine Run, stating his reasons thereof ; that the 1 55th, 1 70th, 
164th, 69th, N. Y. Vols., and the 26th Michigan, who served 
in the same division, at the same time and place with the 
1 5 2d N. Y. V., was so accredited. The 19th Maine being 
credited with Mine Run, were brigaded and in line with 
the 152nd N. Y. Vols, embracing that period. 

Gen. Meade returned the request to Major Curtiss with 
the statement, that before the authority herein requested 
can be granted, it must be shown that the names of the 
battles herein mentioned, and the services of the troops 
thereat, were not presented to the board or considered by 
it, and satisfactory reasons should be given for such cir- 


cumstances. The matter can not be considered at the 
present moment. 

Before the muster out the matter was properly adjusted 
through the management of Col. J. E. Curtiss. The Na- 
tional Tribune, dated Sept. 8, 1887, published a copy of 
the original list, furnished by J. C. Harris, of the 83d Pa. 
Vols., Venango, Pa. According to this list, there were 
many omissions and mistakes made by the boards who 
were so convened. Other regiments were sacrificed 
through their incompetency. From the 153d N. Y. they 
deliberately left out Suffolk, Blackwater, Mine Run, Tol- 
opotomoy Creek, Hatchers Run, Feb. 5, 1865, giving other 
regiments credit who were in line and performed the same 
duty and movements. 

Gen. Grant, to bring the army to the highest perfection 
in both drill and discipline, ordered battalion drills. It 
had the desired effect to retain the high moral standard 
of the men. Unlike foreign nations, the American sol- 
dier became a true citizen in every respect. 

We had saved the nation. It was ours by right of con- 
quest. The treasure and riches, both North, South, East 
and West, was at our mercy. The sword was not 
sheathed, the ammunition was not exhausted. The nation's 
throat was within our grasp. A victorious and ambitious 
leader could have declared himself Emperor of all the 
land. Loyalty, the crowning principle of virtue, stood 
as a barrier. America was free. The volunteer soldier 
presented to the general Government a deed of the whole 
country, while they disbanded and vanished away. What 
have they received in return ? 

May 2nd, we left the drill ground and hurriedly drew 
two day's rations, when, slinging knapsacks, at 2 p. m. we 
faced due north and marched nine miles, halting at Jetters- 
ville for the night. On the 3d and 4th we were on the 


road leading to Richmond. We had been anxiously look- 
ing for the city several years, and as the distance lessened 
the anxiety increased. The planters viewed the proces- 
sion from the roadside and answered numberless questions, 
and laughed at the boys who traded their regula- 
tion caps with the scare crows in the corn field for the 
broad-brimed sombrero. One farmer, to expedite the 
answer to so many questions, kindly chalked upon a board, 
12 miles to Richmond. Ten miles farther on the road 
the guide board gave the correct distance, which was 16 
miles. The average Virginian measured distances accord- 
ing to their ability to perform the journey, either on foot 
or horseback, each individual having a different scale. 

On the 5th, at 11 a. m., we stacked arms at Manches- 
ter. The peddlers had not learnedthe difference between 
the value of a greenback and a Confederate note. We 
were compelled to pay $2 for a bunch of onions or a slice 
of gingerbread. Here we met our old friend, Junius 
Brutus Clem. The war had renovated his general appear- 
ance. He was chief servant at Twenty-fourth Army 
Corps headquarters and was dressed like a prince, having 
greenbacks enough to make an overcoat. At 10 o'clock 
a. m. we crossed the pontoon bridge and entered the city. 
We viewed Libby prison and Castle Thunder. 

The afternoon was exceedingly hot and many fell pros- 
trated with the heat. We marched through the principal 
streets by company front, passing in review before the 
Generals and the men who had commanded the Grey. 
We camped five miles outside the city, and crossed the 
Pamunkey on the 7th. On the Sth we were on the old 
telegraph road. The 9th our regiment led the advance 
camping on the banks of the Ny river. The mules 
could not endure the long march equal to man, the 
consequence was, two days' rations lasted three days, On 


the 10th we passed through Fredricksburg ; the city pre- 
sented a deplorable appearance. The ladies of the city re- 
ceived us with smiles, offering to sell pie and hoe cake at" 
one dollar apiece. The afternoon of the iith, rain de- 
scended continuously, flooding the narrow road with mud 
and water, greatly impeding travel. We camped at 10 
p. m. and hugged the fires of smoky green pine. 

On the 1 2th the Fifth Army Corps led the advance, 
and fenced the road, which sent us ten miles out of the 
way. We made the time by a forced march. On the 
13th we made the home stretch, covering 28 miles, camp- 
ing near Munson's Hill, Va., seven miles from Washing- 
ton. We laid out a camp, and by orders from Lieut. Col. 
J . E. Curtiss, we raised the sleeping bunks two feet from the 
ground. We had made the total distance, two hundred 
and twenty miles, in twelve days, resting one and a half 
days. The next sixty days we held our last grand picnic 
party. The Government issued hard tack and salt hog. 
Delicacies were obtained for cash from peddlers. They 
finally ceased their visits, when money became scarce. 
Milk went up to 20 cents per quart. The weather was 
hot and sweltering. Camp stories were invented and cir- 
culated, much to our enjoyment. Peddlers were relieved 
of their surplus stock. Men from neighboring camps 
would tip p over a wagon loaded with bread, which would 
walk off accompanied by the men. 

May 28th we marched to Washington to take our place 
in the grand review. The waving sea of bayonets, 75,000 
in number, was a magnificent sight as we passed the grand 
stand. The next day Gen. Sherman's army was reviewed, 
the bummers having a conspicuous place in line. May 
30th, Gen. Meade reviewed the Second Army Corps and 
bid us farewell, as our existence as an Army Corps was 
draw-iris to an end. 


June ist, the Sixth Corps passed our camp and 
located in the neighborhood. They had been stationed at 
Danville, N. C, since the surrender. When off duty we 
fought camp flies, picked berries and cherries, and visited 
friends, and looked with longing and wistful eyes upon the 
immense peach orchards laden with green fruit, 

June 12, 1865, the Governor of New York forwarded a 
Colonel's commission to Lieut. Col. Curtiss, Lieut. Col. 
to Maj. Gilbert, and Major to Capt. C. H. Dygert, also 
Brevet Major to Capt. Alfred R. QuaifTe, for meritorious 
conduct and special services rendered during the summer 
while acting Assistant Adjutant General and Aid-de-Camp 
on Brigade and Division Staff. Commissions were granted 
to Lieutenants and Sergeants for well-tried and faithful 
conduct Col. Curtiss receiving a commission as Brevet 
Brig. Gen., dated April 9, 1865. 

Special order No. 149 detailed Col. James E. Curtiss, 
with four others, to meet at Second Army Corps head- 
quarters to examine into the capacity, qualifications, pro- 
priety of conduct and efficiency of such officers of volun- 
teers as mav be ordered before it. 

New York, Dec. 11, 1865. 
To Hon. Sec. of War, Washington, D. C. : 

Sir: I desire strongly to recommend Col. James E. 
Curtiss, late of the 15 2d N. Y. Vols., for a commission in 
the regular army. This officer, by his zeal and ability, 
made his regiment one of the best in my Division, Second 
Division, Second Army Corps. He was one of the three 
officers selected by me as a board of examination for the 
officers for my Division. ' I chose him on account of his 
intelligence, character and reputation. He is one of the 
most promising officers who have served under me, and a 
man who would be reliable to the regular service. 




Special Orders No. 141. 

June 22, 1865. 

Col. James E. Curtiss, of 1520I N. Y. V., is hereby de- 
tailed for duty as Act. Asst. Inspector Gen. of the Corps, 
and will report with the least possible delay. 

By command, Mat. Gen. HUMPHREYS. 

(Signed) Chas. A. Whittier, Asst. Adjt. Gen. 

Headquarters Second Division, [ 
Second A. C. j 
(Signed) A. R. Ouaiffe, A. A. A. Gen. 

B. D. Gallaher, A. Adjutant 15 2d N. Y. 
June 22, 1865. 


Our Old Army Musket. Special Orders. Speech of Col. Curtiss. Three Hun- 
dred and Forty days Campaign. From the Wilderness to the Appomattox. 
Dress Parades. Fourth of July Ce'ebration. Sack Race. Sparring. Greasy 
Pole Climbing. Race for the Greased Pig. Grand Dinner. Grand Display 
of Fireworks. Return of the Disabled and Prisoners. Under the Old Flag 
Once More. Lincoln's Forgiving Proclamation. Mustered Out. Journey- 
to Albany. Grand Dinner. Citizenship. Reunions. The Grand Army 

y^HE muster out of the troops began, with the one 
^^ year's men, curtailing those who had not served a full 
year, one-third of the bounty. Then came the old 
vets who had re-enlisted on the field. Next in order came 
the regiments who had mustered in the U. S. service prior 
to Oct. 15, 1862, leaving the 152nd N. Y. one day too 
late. Trains were loaded daily, and by the last of June 
there were about 16,000 men left on the south side of the 
river. The Government committed a most generous act 
by the presentation of our old army muskets, for the small 
sum of six dollars. Our regiment had preserved and 
used them and helped to settle the great difficulty from the 
wilderness to the Appomattox, a period of 540 days. 
We had encountered the missils of death hurled at us from 
the enemy, more than 200 days, and marched many weary 
miles and performed a large amount of hard labor. One 
thousand days we had the old army musket by our side. 
Now it was ours. To the veteran volunteer the value 
will be greater than the highest work of art America ever 

Company and battalion drill was partially abandone 



Dress parades were kept up and became very impressive, 
under the command of Col. Curtiss. On dress parade the 



Colonel made the following remarks on the evening of 
June 18, 1865 : 

Officers and men of the 153d N. Y. : 

We are about to sever our connection with the Army of 
the Potomac, in which we have served since October, 1863. 
We have shared its hardships, trials, privations, victories and 
defeats. Though always elated with success of our arms, 
temporary reverses did not cause despondency, but seemed 
to stimulate and increase our energies in the great and 
glorious cause of humanity and justice, until your efforts 
have been announced with success, and the nations of the 
earth look with wonder and astonishment upon the com- 
pletion of a task which was considered by them utterly 
impossible to accomplish. But you have proved to the 
world that defeat did not conquer, nor time cool your 
ardor in battling for freedom and right. 

We have been ordered to new fields, not to seek future 
glory and renown in battle, for we have passed through 
the fiery ordeal, but to the more peaceful pursuits of camp 
life. May your acts, words and deeds prove to all that 
soldiers are gentlemen. Remember that you will be 
looked upon as the 152nd N. Y. V. Its fame is yours. 
You have its reputation at stake ; any negligence or un- 
worldly conduct on your part, will forever tarnish its 
enviable name. Knowing this, strive to do vour whole 
duty as good and efficient soldiers, and upon your return 
to your homes, a grateful people will forever bless the de- 
fenders of this great Republic. 

One year had passed since Capt. Wm. S. Burt had given 
the honor and title of " Color Guards" to the whole regi- 
ment. Preparations were made to celebrate the day. 
Money was contributed to defray expenses. New officers 
were selected pro torn, from the ranks. Each Company 
was fully represented with both line and non-commissioned 
officers. Shoulder-straps were made from paste-board and 
tinsel. The regiment was given in their charge, after 
" Guard Mounting." The brigade mules were mounted 



by the Staff officers, Col. Mix, Maj. Haskell, Surgeon T. 
R. Petrie, and others. They visited Army, Corps and 
Division headquarters, and both the mules and officers 
were received with all due hospitality, the mules partaking 
of a mess of corn, the men a potion of corn extract, sur- 
named Kentucky bourbon. 

The old officers were posted on camp guard, but owing 
to their incompetency to serve as such, they were at once 
relieved and detailed for other duty. During the day sev- 
eral were punished for disobedience of orders, Maj. 
Gilbert being sentenced to stand upon a barrel, and guard- 
ed by Corporal Mackessey, until the joke became tiresome. 
The grand dinner was partaken with a relish, the old offi- 
cers being invited. During the afternoon a grand sparring 
match with soft gloves occurred, the principal contestants 
being, Babcock vs. McMahon. Peter W. Tallman suc- 
ceeded in climbing the greasy pole. Sack racing became 
general. The race for the greased pig was postponed, the 
pig being absent without leave. 

Many comical scenes were indulged in by the colored 
children, they trying to find a silver dollar with their teeth, 
it being placed in the bottom of a pan filled with flour. The 
first boy captured the prize and walked away, leaving the 
rest to chew snuff and hunt in vain. 

The day was closed by a grand torchlight dress parade. 
Col. Mix and staff in command. They acted with great 
credit to themselves and to their instructors. The day's 
proceedings closed by a grand display of fireworks and 
torch-light procession. On the 5th of July, orders were 
received to make out muster-out rolls. Many of the boys 
had returned to the regiment. They had been absent 
sick, and suffering from wounds, and a few fortunate ones 
had arrived from the prison pen. They came back to march 
home under the old flagf. 




Under the forgiving proclamation of Abraham Lincoln, 
a small number returned from Banker's paradise, where 
they had sojourned in fear and misery, protected by the 
petticoats of the Queen. Their punishment had been 
severe ; they came back to share the honor and glory of 
war, and were received by their comrades. But every 
man in his own order. 

The rolls being completed, we mustered out of the ser- 
vice of the United States, on the 13th of July, 1865. On 
the 14th, we marched to Washington, and waited trans- 
portation until 6 p. m. One more grand entertainment at 
Philadelphia, and we are on the road to Amboy, connect- 
ing with the steamer for New York, where we arrived at 
midnight. On the 16th we awoke on the Hudson river, 
arriving at Albanv 1 1 a. m. At the Mansion House we 
had dinner, consisting of lamb and green peas. We 
marched out on the Troy road three miles from the city, 
and to cap the climax of a soldier's life, were drowned out 
of the tents before morning by a terrific shower of rain. 
Thursday, July 20, we received our final discharge papers. 
Disbanding, we were transformed beings. Born a^ain to 
the ranks of citizenship, and mingling with the general pop- 
ulation. We have been scattered by the winds of civili- 


We were first called together at Cooperstown, October, 
1S78. From Otsego's southern clime to the far off north- 
ern wilds of Herkimer county, we are annually called to- 
gether. We grasp each other by the hand, and look upon 
the well remembered faces and forms which have ^rown 
gray, as we descend down the path of life's journey to the 
reassembling of the Grand Army above. 

Twenty-two years have elapsed since the close of the 
events herein narrated. The ties of respect and affection have 


been strengthened. The preservation of the memory of those 
days of trial and danger on the field, in camp or prison pen, 
has developed a love and fraternal unity. In military life 
we were subject to the same labor and deprivations, willing 
to share the last crust with each other. God grant that 
this bond of charity will remain, until the final muster-out. 
Comrades, many of us have not met since our separation ; 
many have answered to the last roll call. God grant in 
his infinite goodness and love for all his children, that our 
discharge from final service here below, may be as that 
from the military service — that we may join the silent ma- 
jority in the last re-union. 

One incident of Andersonville as related by a comrade 
who survived the living death in that prison pen, Sergt. 
John McNeil, of Co. D., had been by the slow and sure 
process of starvation, brought to the end of misery. The 
day of his death he had obtained a small bundle of dried 
grass. He placed it under his head at night for a pillow, 
when husT^in^ close to his comrades, who allowed John to 
sleep in the middle, to obtain all the warmth possible; he 
bade his comrades good night, saying, " boys, this is my 
.death bed." At daybreak, when the comrades awoke, 
John was a corpse. 

The foregoing pages have shown the reader how grand- 
ly the volunteers met their death in front of the serried 
columns of treason. The nation can never realize the hor- 
rible sufferings of those who died in the prison pen, or 
who lived a total wreck during their short existence on 
earth. Unquestionably they were the victims of a policy 
formulated by the emergency and condition of affairs. 
Their long and continued confinement gave to our gov- 
ernment the power to hold an equal number of the enemy, 
thus weakening the rebel army. The offer to take the so- 
called oath to the so-called Confederacy and fight in their 




ranks, was received and rejected with scorn and derision. 
Had they done so, many lives would have been saved the 
loathsome death by escaping to our lines. Their loyalty 
was proved by preferring a martyr's death rather than 
dishonor. Years have rolled by and the survivors are still 
asking recognition and special legislation, but without 
avail. Future generations will never know what it cost 
the North and South in blood and suffering to engage in 
a fratricidal war. The remembrance of the past should 
prevent treason and all its ravages from being again the 
scourge of the land. 


The present time and years hence the constant reader 
-can obtain a thorough knowledge of warfare, and the 
scenes and incidents enacted at the " front." The country 
abounds in wariiterature, which apparently emanates from 
the minds of the gifted author, though invariably, if traced 
to the true source, it will be found that the raw T material 
is furnished by the Grand Army of private soldiers. The 
anonymous writers of to-day are quite numerous. They 
invent war stories founded upon facts but greatly exagger- 
ated. Their stories never lose by circulation, but often 
pass through a transmigratory state, reappearing in an 
elaborated form, often unrecognizable by the original 
author of their being. Kuney Boney, an author of merit, 
gave to the press, free gratis, a comical war story. Later, 
it fell in the hands of an unknown genius, who enlarged 
the ground work forty-fold, and was about to have it copy- 
righted and dramatized for the benefit of the Grand 
Army boys at their regular camp fires, but it was deferred 
by the untimely cut-off which the author experienced 
during a journey from Middleville, N. Y.. to the Soldiers' 
Home, via the H., N. & P. RR. The coroner found 

1 68 


the manuscript mingled with the wardrobe of the gifted 
author, who, if he had lived, would doubtless have ranked 
as a star of the first magnitude, and a shining light among 
the galaxy of learned authors, providing he could have 
prefixed to his name the title of Colonel, Major or Cap- 
tain and Asst. Adjutant General. 

The scene opens in a barber shop. Place, Utica, N. V. 
Time, 1885. Encampment of the G. A. R. in session. 
The barber is engaged in shaving a commercial drummer 
who has attached to his vest a G. A. R. badge. The door 
opens, as the barber calls " next," and a grizzly, gray-haired 
veteranized individual enters, clad in an old army overcoat 
and light colored pants. The barber raises his eyes and 
looks aghast at the new comer. His teeth chatters, lips 
are paralyzed, his hands tremble, and the razor falls on the 
floor. He advances a step, his eye balls protruding from 
their sockets. " 

The first paroxysm of surprise being over, his tongue 
became loosened, and he exclaimed in tones of horror, 
"Great Scott, sir! You resemble my old pard, Dodymus 
Duckworth Dickens, of the 2nd N. Y. death dealing de- 
mons, who had both legs shot off above the knees, 
during our 83d engagement in front of Petersburg, Va., 
30th July, 1864." 

" I am he," came in joyous tones ; "and to prove my 
identity, witness, old pard, this birth-mark upon my right 
arm, placed there by the infernal captain of Company Q. 
Look ! See ! Eight D's burnt deep in the flesh. You 
know what it means. Dodymus, Duckworth, Dickens, 
deserted." The barber proceeded to finish his customer, 
while Dodymus proceded with his horrified tale. Said he: 
"When that 32 lb. shot. struck me, it cutoff both legs. I 
have a distinct recollection of seeing you grabbing my legs 
and running from the field. I divined your purpose. 



knowing you had a mortgage upon that razor I always 
carried in my boots. The carnage of battle being over, I 
was carried to the rebel hospital. In the morning it was 
discovered that I was legless, when two darkies threw me 
upon a pile of amputated legs and arms which remained 
in the centre of the yard. I remained there four days, 
when a surgeon who had lately arrived began an experi- 
ment, making me whole and sound as before enlistment. 

" Four months after I was able to walk without crutches. 
The Confederate surgeon asked me to enlist and follow 
the banner of the 'Lost Cause.' Of course, I refused." 

Bystander — "That was right ; you would have forfeited 
a pension if you had taken the so-called oath to the so- 
called Confederacy." 

Dody — " But I don't draw a pension." 

Bystander — "Why, how so ? You ought to have the 
highest paid, at least $2.00 per month." 

Dody — "Well, boys, I will tell you how I was done for. 
You see, this same Confederate surgeon that grafted me, 
became reconstructed, and received an appointment from 
the Government as Chief Medical Examiner in the town 
where I reside. My application for pension was consid- 
ered, and I was ordered to report for medical examination 
before this surgeon. He recognized me and proceeded 
with the examination. He reported the facts of the case, 
and after eleven years of due deliberation, the case was 
dismissed and rejected." 

Question — " Upon what grounds, and what were the 
facts to which you refer?" 

Dody — " Well, you see, this young surgeon, when he 
began to experiment in the science of grafting, selected 
from the pile of legs, one from an officer of a Texas regi- 
ment, the other, the left leg, had been sawed off from the 
body of a negro teamster who was employed by the Con- 



federacy. The Commissioner held that I was supported 
by foreign subjects, from parties who had not been paroled, 
who had not taken the oath of allegiance to the United 
States government." 

Bystander — " In the event of the late Confederates be- 
ing placed upon the pension rolls, should such a law ever 
pass, you will probably have a decision rendered in your 

' "Thunderation ! No! Never! You see, the legs are 
undoubtedly orphans; their fathers having been killed in 
the war, but they are over age, and debarred on that ac- 
count, and furthermore, I being only a step-father to the 
legs, would under the present statutes be denied the right 
to support them. I am also debarred by the fact that 
one person cannot draw three pensions, nor three persons 
draw one pension. So the commissioner ruled, and reject- 
ed the case." 

Question — "Are both legs alike in all respects as regards 
feeling, &c. ?" 

"No; I always have three different feelings. The 
Texas leg has a numbness or peculiar sensation, as though 
a bowie knife is impressed against it. It also has a distant 
feeling for its compulsory partner." 

Question — " How about the negro leg? What are its 
symptoms ?" 

u Both legs agreed, by a little coercion on my part, until 
1870, when the XVth amendment became a law. Then 
disturbances naturally arose between the orphans, and I 
having no legal right, they were beyond my control. 
Election day came, and I was completely carried to the 
polls, the negro leg seemingly in a great hurry. Whether 
the Texas leg urged my subsequent actions or not, I can 
not say ; however, a voting propensity grew up with me, 
and I acquired the habit of voting early and often, at 




every election held where I happened to reside. I was 
finally arrested for repeating, and presented with a free 
ticket to a concert hall on the Hudson river, at a place 
called Sing Sing. I remained there satisfied with my fate, 
with the consoling thought that it was not all me who 
was so confined in durance vile, my step-legs sympathiz- 
ing with me in my deep affliction." 

Question — "When did your time expire?" 

"They gave me my discharge the same year the Civil 
Rights law was passed." 

Questioji — " How did the law affect you ?" 

" Why, you see ; I accepted a situation upon the repor- 
torial staff of a Grand Army journal, at an immense 

Question — " Did you succeed?" 

" Yes, very well." 

Qitestion — "What is your vocation at present?" 

" Inventing and writing up war reminiscences." 

Question — " Did the teamster leg always retain its nat- 
ural color ?" 

" No, as time rolled on it began to fade, and is at present 
settled upon a solid basis with its Texan brother." 

Bystander — " I say, old man, if you could get Ira here, 
and Ike, to swear they carried off your legs, you might 
get your claim for pension established." 

" No go. I had two straight-haired men to swear that 
same thing, and a third man to swear he saw them do it." 

At this juncture a messenger arrived requesting Dody- 
mus to report himself at once to the ante-room of Depart- 
ment Headquarters, G. A. R. 


152d N. Y. VOLS. 

Colonel — Leonard Boyer, Little Falls, N. Y. 

Lieutenant Colonel — Alonzo Ferguson, Cobbleskill, N. Y. 

Major — George Spalding. 

Surgeon — Silas A. Ingham. Died February, 1886. 

Assistant Surgeon — Eli Small, Excelsior, Minn. 

Assistant Surgeon — Hiram Blood. 

Assistant Surgeon — Adam Miller, Jordanville, N. Y. 

Assistant Surgeon — James Ward, Canada. 

Assistant Surgeon — Lyon E. Corbin, Washington, D. C. 

Adjutant — Cleaveland Campbell. Died Cherry Valley, N, 

Quartermaster — George W. Earnst. 

Hospital Steward — Sanford E. Hagar, Middleville, N. Y. 

Drum Major — Ira Barney. Died 1887. 

Chaplain— H. V. Talbot. 


Thomas, Peleg G., Captain, 
Dygert, Chas. H., Maj, Elgin, 111. 
Gray, Fred A , Lieut., Herkimer, N.Y 
Bellenger, Henry H., " " 

Christman, Horace, •* " 

Christman, J. G., »« " 

Dryer, Doras, " " 

Doling, James H., " " 

Harter, George M., 

Harter, George F., (i " 

Harter, Charles N., 
Harter, J. EL, " " 

Hartman, John, " " 

Kill, Darius, " 

Lepper, Peter. " 

Seeber, Jacob, Clear Lake, Iowa. 
Syllahach, Jacob, Herkimer, N. 

Weirs, Perry G. " 

Weeber, Fritz. " 


Wilson, W. W., Herkimer, X. Y. 

Gorman, Michael, Sergtr., Little Falls, 
N. Y. 
' Atherton, James, Little Falls, X. Y. 

• Burns, James P., Corp., Little Falls, 
N. Y. 

• Casler, Peter, Little Falls, N. Y. 
' Crowley, Timothy, " 
' Casler, Chauncey, " 
' Casler, John, 
' Watts, Richard, 

' Casler, Wei ford E., Sergfc., Minden, N. Y. 
« Casler, Wm. P., Ree Heights, D. T. 
' Caty, Hiram, Stratford, N. Y. 
' Robbins, David, Mohawk, N. Y. 

Hilts, G. H. 
Y. Whitehead, Jeremiah, St. ^oe. Missouri, 
" Wiidey, Harvey B., Auburn, N. Y. 


Monk, James, May 10. 
MeClone, Thos., Sergt., May 12. 

Harter, John F., Auz. 14. 


Watson, Chias 
Cornell, Win. 
June 22. 

, Oct. 27. 
First Sergeant, missing. 


Craske, Harry, Rushville, 111., May 6. Watts, Wm, Little Falls, N\ Y. June 22- 
Harter, Judd, Herkimer, N. Y. May G. Holmes, A. C. " " " " 

Deller,Wm., West Albany, X. Y. May lO.Dorsey, John, " " Aug 14, 

Murray, Wna., Memphis, Tenn., May lO.Morton, James, " " " 

Mackessey, Patrick, Little Falls, N. Y., Flemings, Edward, Green Island, N. Y., 

May 12. Aug. 25. 

Barry, Patrick, St. Paul, Minn., May 13. 
Mix, James, Sergt., Mohawk, N. Y., 

May 13. 

Ellis, Thos., Sergt. 
Vedder, N. 


Swart, John. 


Vanalstine, Harvey, Sept. 14, 1884. Holler, M. Aug. 20. 


O'Brien, Timothy, Lieutenant Colonel, Harter, Fred. 

Jan. 31, 1883. 
Harter, John A. 
Holden, Moses, Corporal, 
Lepper, Simon, 

Roof, Moses C. 

McCarty, J. 

Welsh, John, wound, May 12th. 

Johnson, Bronson, wound, May 6th. 



Burt. Wm. S.. Capt., Gray, X. Y. 

Belcher, Jeremiah. " " 

Manning. Edward, <; " 

Max, John, " " 

Dubois, James, " '•' 
Mcintosh, John, 

Wendover, Benj., " " 
Huntly, S. F., Templeton, D. T. 
Fluyck, J., Wilmurt, X. Y. 

Smith, J. H., Cold Brook, X. 
Youngs, Ben., Poland, X. Y. 
Johnson, Darwin, Little Falls, 
Johnson, James, Herkimer, X 
Simmons, David, " 

Xestle, Geo., 0! 


X. Y. 

Wheeler, Luzerne, Rich fie 

X. Y. 
Welsh, Delos, Fultonville, X. 

, N. 


. Y 




Bennett, Francis. 
Christman, Benj. 
Delong, Herman, 


Paul, Geo. 
Stevens, Geo. W 



Beebe, Silas, Capt. 

Smith, H. D , Lieut., 1S73. 

Coffin, Frank, 


Tompkins, C. R. 
Vancourt, J. R. 

Jedets, John, May 6, 1864. 

Norton, Hulburt, May 12. 

Onderdonk. J. H. " " 

Welsh, Alfred, mortally wounded. 

Maj 12. 
Clough. Francis, May 12. 
Paul, John, mortally wounded, May 31. 
Quackenbush, A. E., wounded, missing, 

May 31. 


Huntley, D. T., Sergt., May 6. 
Harding, Wm., Corp., Gloversville, X. 

Y., May 6. 
Abbott. 13. T., May 6. 
Davis, James, Gray, X. Y., May 6. 
Laraway. Geo., Poland, X. Y. May 6. 
Youngs, X., Poland, X. Y., May 6. 
Barnes, Horace A., May 11. 
Lower, Joseph. Fraukfort, N. Y., 

May 11. 
Speari, Win. A., Boonville, X. Y., 

May 11. 
Coffin, Win. B., June 16. 
Porter, L. D.. May 12. 
Stevens, James. Wilmurt, X. Y., May 12, 
Benson, Aaron, Mav 12. 


Smith, .Elisha K.. Cold Harbor. Jane 8. 
Underwood, Elisha B., June 17. Died 

from wound, 1873. 
Wilcox, David II., Captured Aug. 14 

Paroled, Died in Hospital. 
Mcintosh, Douglass B., missing. 
Huntley, Lester C, Aug. 25. 


Bullard, John, May 12. 

Green. Geo. II., May 24. 

Flansburg, Jeremiah, Wilmurt, X Y. 

May 24. 
Griffin, Alex. T, Wilmurt, X. Y., 

May 24. 
Blair, John. June 3. 
Xorton, Reuben, Poland, N. Y., June 3. 
Shutes. Robert, Cooperstown, X. Y., 

June 3. 
Haskell, Wm. R., Wilmurt. X. Y., 

June 16. 
Court, E. C, Wilmurt. X. Y., June 22. 
Hall, Albert, May 23, Herkimer, N.Y.. 

Aug. 14. 
Smith, Nelson, Gray. X T . Y.. Aug. 14. 



Leonard, F. E., Lieut., Hudson, X. Y. Southern, James. Morris, X. Y. 

Bunnell, Sam., Morris, X. Y. 

Colborn. Elijah, " " 

Dostater, Frank, Mohawk, X. Y. 
Doxtater, Peter, Herkimer, X. Y. 
Hecox. W. C, Regimental Bugler, 

Xew York City. 
Monroe, Hiram, Morri». X. Y. 
Steele, Daniel, Commissary Sergt., 

Ilion, X. Y. 

Steele, John E., Syracuse, X. Y. 
Scudder, Ed; L., Morris. X. Y. 
Thrall, Joim. Mohawk, X". Y. 
Yanalstine, E,, Middleville. X. Y. 
guimby, Thos,, Morris, X. Y. 
Gilford, Edward, Oneida, X. Y. 
Babcock, Sanford. San Franc^co, Cai 
Kel-ev, James. Exeter. X. Y. 




Kidder, Goo, Sergt., May 6, 1864. Lewis, David H., Jane 3. 

Cassens, Nicholas, " " Kelsey, Chauucey, Oct. ^7. 

Miller, Daniel, May 31. 


Freeman, Jacob C, Lieut., May 6, 

Kelley, Chas., May 6. 

Robinson, James. New Berlin, N 

May 6. 
Snell, Solomon, May 6. 
Ross, John, May 11. 
Cook, Joseph, Mohawk. X. Y., May 12 
Crist, Oscar, May 12. 
Maury, Augustus, Sergt., Redfield, D 

T., May 12. 


McClean. Murdock, May 12. 
Walsh, John. May 12. 
Southern, Wm.. .Morris, X. Y., 
Lindsley, Lewis, May 24. 
Manchester, Geo. \Y., Sergt., 

ter, N. Y., June 22. 
Curtiss, James E., Capt., A. 

Gen., Buffalo. N. Y., Aug. 
Thurston, Elijah, Cooperstown, 

Fall of tree. April 8., 1865. 

May 12_ 

A. A. 

N. Y. 

Belienger, Chris. 

Flagg. Delos, 

House, Matthew, 1880. 

Crawford, Geo. 
Gardner, Amos, 
Kinnie, A. E. 


McMahon, Alf., 188.5. 
Gaylord, Wm. 


Pandle, S. G. 
Zeller, James H. 

Bishop, C. H. 

Card, Abel, Sergt.. Nov. 24. 

Miller, James A. 

Ripley, F. A., Sergt., Oct. 19. 


Reeve, G., Aug. 15. 
Radley, John, 
Seargeant. S G. 
Stevens, E D. 


Atwell, Amos, Harris, Wm. 

Brown, Andrew. Morris, N. Y. Judd, J. 

Daniels, J. N, " " Lewis, James. 

Harris, E. Pa rail, L. G. 

Hammond. Edward, Quackenbush, J. 

Died 1SG7. 

Hargrave, Edward, 

Shoemaker, Dewitt, Mohawk, N Y. 



Butler, F. D, Capt., Uuadilla, N. Y. 

Allen, Abram. Richfield Springs, N. Y. 

Allen. Thus., Oswego; N. Y. 

Bronner, John A., Sergt., CassapoJis, 

Burst, Ben., Van Hornsville, N. Y. 

Beach, Chas. D.. Milfcrd. N. Y. 
Bauman, C. T., Van Hornsville 
Fay. Parker D.. Richfield Spring: 
Fish, Marcenus. Clyde, N. Y. 
Hardy, Alonzo. Dowager, Mich. 
Herring, Abel C. 

N. Y. 
N ? .V. 




Mereness, George, Griton, D. T. Tunnicliff, Sam., Van Hornsville, X. Y. 

Morse, H. A., Mohawk, X. Y. Vibbard, James W., Springfield Centre, 
Smith, John D., West Albany, X. Y. X. Y. 

Skinnen, John, Cherry Valley, X. Y. Wood, Win. H., Hartwick Sem., X. Y. 

Smith, Chas. W., Beaver Meadow, N". Y. Winslow, Ed., Hallsville, X. Y. 
Siver, Robert, Van Hornsville, N. Y. 


Borst, Uriah, Van Hornsville, X T . Y., Taft, John, Springfield Centre, X. Y., 

Aug. 14, 1S64. Aug. 14, 1804. 

Parks, Ben., Aug. 14, 1SG4. Tucker, James, Aug. 14, 1864. 
Thayer, Anscn, Springfield Centre, X". 

Y., June 22, 1864. 


Bronner. Horatio, missing, May 6. Wilds, John W., May 12. 

Doxtater, John. May 6. Hinds, Moses C, May 24. 

Heath, Albert C. May 6. Peck, Luther, May 24th, at Cold Har- 

Bronner, Felix, May 12. bor. 

Shaul, Alfred, May 12. White, J. W., mortally wounded at 

Vanhorne, John, May 12. Petersburg. 


Moran, John W., Starkville, X". Y., Smith, James B., May 12. 

May 6. Vedder, Abram, May 12. 

Maxwell, E., May 6. Stewart, Cook, June 22. 

Wilds, Theo., Herkimer, X r . Y., May 6. Skiunon, Michael, East Springfield. 
Shaul, Loadwick, Van Hornsville, X. Aug. 14. 

Y., May 12. 


Wall, Wm. R., Capt. Maynard, Myers 0. 

Young, Elias. Capt. Mereness, John W. 

Land, John. Lieut. Sharkey, P. 

Dinghara, David, Shields, Michael, 

Jewell, John H. Edick, Henry, March. 1S8S. 

Kellev, Thos., wounded Mine Run. « 



Adams, Geo. T. Gilmore, Lorenzo C. 

Druse, Isaac, Hollenbeck, Solomon, Aug. 14. 

Eldridge, Lorenzo, Aug. 14. McNeil, John. 


Jennings, James C. Yosbuig, Daniel H. 
Small, Wra. 





McGown, James, Capt., Litchfield, 
N. Y. 

Nichols, Horatio, Lieut., West Win- 
field, N. Y. 

Stafford, D., Lieut,, Little Falls, N. Y. 

Ackerraan. Nicholas, Little Falls, N. Y. 

Deltry, S. fit., Ilion, N. Y. 

Ibell, George, " " 

McLean, D. H., Little Falls, N. Y. 

Smith, Larkin D., West W infield, N. Y. 

Nell, Jacob, Norway, la. 
Brainard, John C, Lone Rock, Wis. 
Donlon, Michael, Waverly, la. 
Hendricks, Lewis, Sterling, N. Y. 
Jennings, John M., Bridgewater, N. 
Miller, Alonzo P., Cedarville, N. Y. 
Nichols, Dutton, Tracy, Minn. 
Nichols, Chas. W., Fairfield, N. Y. 
Van Allen Daniel, Sterling, N. Y. 
Tall man, Peter W., Herkimer, N. Y 


Hulser, W. W., 

wounded. May 5. 
Eckler, Norman, May 6. 
Fris, James, May 6. 
Lackey, Wm. J., Sergt , May 6. 
Roback, Swift, Mav 11. 


Capt., mortally Stack, Frank, May 12. 

Paddock, Edgar, July 30, 1863. 

Jones, F. B., May 6. 

Matteson, H. R., Sergt., May 11. Re- 
turned for duty ; died since war. 

McLaughlin, Isaac, Corp., Litchfield. 
N. Y., May 11. 

Allen. John, May 12. 

Barnes, James L.. Sergt,, Norwich 
Corners, N. Y., May 12. 

Fort, Nelson. Ilion, N. Y., May 11. 
Returned for duty. 

O'Brien, Nicholas, June 3. 
Sweet, A., Aug. 25, 
Musson, Willard A., Capt., Oct. 27. 
Curtin, Patrick, picket line, Nov. 


Kimm, Jacob, Watkins, la., May 31. 
Maxfield, James W., Herkimer, N. Y.. 

May 31. 
Bradbury, Wm., June 3. 
Welter, John W., WestWinfield, N. Y.[ 

June 3. Returned for duty. 
Ball, Wm. Z., Saranac, Mich., June 17. 
Roback, Henry, Little Falls, N. Y., 

June 18. Returned. 


Wright, A. W., Feb., 1863. 
Manchester, A. L., Sergt., April 10, 

Porter, Wm., July, IS 63. 
Sander, Chas. W., Aug., 1863. 

Fox, Thos., Oct. 30, 1863. 
Evans, Wm. J., Nov, 1863. 
Hentz, John. 1S64. 
Wheeler. Geo. W., 1864. 
Sessions, Henrv, 1864. 


Cole, Willard, injured, May 6. Notgrass, Joseph. 

Barber, Hiram, wounded, Oct. 27. Peck, Edwin, March, 1866. 


Brown, Chas., Sergt. Platts, Montraville, 

Eldred, Addison, West, Wm., July 15, Andersonville. 

Fox, Delos, Oct. 19, l«64, Andersonville. 





Esyaman, J. B., Lieut., Gloversville, Nemyre, Chas., Little Falls, N. Y. 

X. Y. Petrie, Thos. R , Middleville, N. Y. 

Quinbv. John \V., Capt., East Bridge- Owens. Win. J., West Exeter, N. Y. 

water, Mass. Rice, Justus, Little Falls, N. V. 

Lewis, Win. H., Lieut. Snell, Lyman, Little Falls. X. Y. 

McCann. Matthew, Capt., Fort Plain. Snyder, A., Stark ville, N. Y. 

N. Y. Townsend, Ed., Capt.. Rochester, N. Y 
Hewitt, Delevan, Lieut., Johnstown, Transferred U. S C. T. 

N. Y. Wood. Henry M. ; Frankfort, N. Y. 

Cronkhite, 0. M., Little Falls. X. Y. Wolbridge, Warren, la. 

Gallaher. Ben. D., X'ew York City. Staurring, Beu., Ingham's Mills. X. Y. 

Lewis, Henry R., Faulktown, D. T. Spring. Judson, Little York, X. Y. 


Smith, Seymour, Hale, Wm., May 10. 

Marsh, S., May 6. Root, W. J., May 12. 

Lanz, Andrew, Mav 6. Eveans, Thos. C, June 3. 


Ecker, H., Ingham's Mills, X. Y., May 6. Victory, Barney, Exeter, Neb., May 12. 

Hill, David. Capt., Xorthampton, Mass.. Starring, John, May 24. Died 1887. 

May 12. Xau, J. J., June 3, died. 

Weigand. Henry, Little Falls, X. Y., Aull, Robert, June 3. 

May 12. Lee, A., June 3. 

Whiting, C. S., May 12. Keaton, Edward B., June 3. 


Reinke. John, Sanders, H. T. 


West, Dan., Capt. Wiswell, James D. 

Allen. John W.. Sergt. McGuire, Thos. 

Ashmuu, Ben. Lake, Loran. 
Howard. Amos, 


Alfreds. Henry C, Oct. 20, 1SG4. Morey, Wm. D. 

Gros^, Addison. 


Quaiffe, Alfred R. Brevet Major, Lambert. Chas., Dolgeville, N. Y. 

Washington, D. C. Wilson, James. 

Decker. Chas. L., Little Falls, X. Y. 





Stebbins., Wm. E.. Lieut.. Scranton, 

Allen, Frank, Otego, X. Y. 
Alger, James, Oneonta, N. Y. 
Baldwin. Leonard, Oaksville, N. Y.- 
Beardsley, Wm., New Berlin, X. Y. 
Bowmaker, James, ' ; " 

Black, Edward, Cooperstown, X. Y. 
Carpenter, Ira, West Oneonta, X. Y. 
Clinton, Isaac, Gilbertsville, N. Y. 
Church, Wm., Burlington, N. Y. 
Davis, JudsonK., Morns, X. Y. 
Goodrich, Solomon X., Otego, X. Y. 

Gregory, Henry, Gilbertsville, N. Y. 
House, Herman, Ridge Mills, N. Y. 
Heslop, Joseph, Dawn, Mo. 
Lamphere, Levi, Unadilla, N. Y. 
Lyndsley, David G., Cooperstown, N. 
Johnson, Geo., Oaksville, N. Y. 
Leonard, Sam., Unadilla Forks, N. 
Rogers, Wm'. M., Doland. D. T. 
Murray, Francis C, Toddsville, N. 
Perkins, Geo., Edmeston, X. Y. 
Silver, John A., Gilbertsville, X Y. 
Whiting, W. X"., Otego, X. Y. 



Burgess, Elisha, missing. May 6. Davis, Geo. L., June 3. 

Stebbins. Chas. A., mortally wounded, Bryant, Albert, mortally wounded, 
May 12. June 3. 


Alger, Chauncey, Masonville, X. Y., Simpson, Justus L., June 12. 

May 6. Morey, Chas. W., South Edmeston, N. 
Thompson. Chas. S., Xorton, Kansas, Y., June 31. 

May 0. Fenton, Chas. K., June 17. 

Mallory, Gilbert, May 6. Fenton, Wm. L., Aug. 14. 

Wallace, J. H. , Gilbertsville, X. Y., Doubleday, Theo., Sergt , Fly Creek. 

. May 6. X. Y , Aug. 14. 

Brown, Thos.. Xorton, Kan , June 12. Sisson, Frank, Gilbertsville. X. Y , 
Silvey, Sam., Gilbertsville, X. Y., Aug. 25. 

June 12. 


Hinds, Josiah, Lieut 
Alger, Elias, 
Coats, Parker L. 
Greene, Sol. A., '03. 

Patterson, James L. March 17, '63. 
Rockwell, John H. 
Truman, S. 

Banker, J. T., Sept. 20, 1864. 


Rooney, John, Sept. 2S., '64. 


Gilbert, Edmund, Capt., St. Louis, Mo. Bunnell, Wm, D. 
Foster, Geo., Gilbertsville, X". Y. 





Kendall, U. 13., Capfc., Fiy Creek, ST. Y. 

Kellogg, Wra. J., Capt., " 

Hopkins, Wra. L., Lieut., Laurens, 

N. Y. 
Briggs, Lewis C, Mt. Vision, X. Y. 
Bunn, Chas. E.. Oneonta, N. Y. 
Strait. J., '• " 

Coggershall, C. S., Morris, X. Y. 
Marr, Henry, " " 

Gifford, Darius ST., West Burlington, 

X. Y. 
House, Levi, Charlevoix, Mich. 
Jenks, Thos., Hartwick, X. Y. 
Joslin, Gilbert, " 

Radley, Wm. J., Morris, X. Y. 
Coombs, Wra., Hartwick Setn., N. } 
Ferris, Aaron, Garrattsville, X. Y. 
Harrington, M. J., . " " 

Stevens, Joshua, Xew Berlin, X. Y. 
Wellman, Alonzo, Mt. Vision.. X. Y. 
Waters, Henry A., Oxford, X. Y. 
Stevens, Roselle, Milford, X. Y. 
Salisbury, Henry, " * ; 

Kellogg, Henry J., Mareellus, Mich. 
Rider, Silas, Maryland. 
Stevenson, Chas. W., Fremont, Xeb. 
Walley, John, Edgar, Xeb. 
Taller, D. W. Rev. 

Kellogg. Melville, May 6. 
Pashley, John. May 6. 
Stere, Augustus, sunstroke, May 6. 
Richards, Philander, May 11. 
Steadman, Richard, May 11. 
Vandusen, Smith, died June 6. 
Brown, James, May IS. 

Radley, Stephen, June 3. 
Fenton, Nathaniel, Aug. 14. 
Barnes, Melville, Aug. 25. 
Hubbard, James, Xov. 16, Fort Stead- 
Avery, Oscar, Xov. 20. 


Holden. Stephen, (.'apt., Sherburne, X. 

Y., May G. 
Smith, John, May G. 
Fitch , D. B., Gapt., Xorwich. X. Y. 

May 12. 
Beemau, Wm., Oneonta. X. Y., May 12. 
Bloodgood, 0., May 12. 
Davis, Earl EL, Oneonta, N. Y., 

wounded twice June 23, May 12. 
Hill, Horace. May 12. 
Barnes, Addison, Oneonta, X. Y., 

May 24. 

Cole, George, Sherman, Pa., June 3. 
Stockley, Moses. 

Weaver, Joshua, Morris, X. ¥., June 3. 
Whitmarsh, Hiram, Laurens, X. Y., 

June 3. 
Parish, Jeremiah, Cooperstown, X. Y.. 

Aug. 23. 
Garnet, Albert, Knoxville, Pa., Aug. 25. 
Sherman, Delevan, Aug. 25. 
Weeks, John, Hartwick Sem.. X. Y.. 

Oct. 27. Captured rebel flag. May 

12, 186*4, and Auz. 25, 1S64. 


Adams, Lucius, 
Bruce, S. 

Galup, W. 
Jenks. Milton. 

Cole, R. S., July2S. 


Lull, Galen. 



Brown, Ezra, Biartinsburg, X. Y 

Hall, Ed., Sergfc. 
Keith, Araos, 


. Keith, Elijah. 



Lee, Adrian, Lieut., Utica, N. Y. 
Butler, E. W„ First Lieut , South Val- 
ley, X. Y. 
Armstrong, James, South Valley, N. Y. 
Albert William, East Worcester, N. Y. 
Benjamin. Rudolph C, Exeter, N. Y. 
Coppernoll, George, Cooperstown, X. Y. 
Greenwald, Harris, Cobbleskill, X. Y. 
Hamlin, J. J., Seward, N. Y. 
Jarvis, Fred TV, Hartwick Sem. 
Jacobs, Alfred, Franklin. X. Y. 
Lasher, John, Cooperstown, N. Y. 
Maybie, David, South Valley, N. Y. 

Mandeville, Luke. Cooperstown, N. Y. 
Mereness, Hiram, Worcester, X. Y. 
McCormack, Frank. Decatur, X. Y. 
Putnam, Cornelius, South Valley, X. Y^ 
Quail, Wra. L.. Worcester, X. Y. 
Sullivan. David E., East Worcester, 

X. Y. 
Stevens, Lucius M., Sparta, Wis. 
Skinnon, Michael, East Springfield, 

X. Y. 
Voorhees, E. C, East Worcester, X. Y. 
Stevens, Chas., Paw Paw, Mich. 

Hill Chas , by cars, 186 \ 
Hadsell, William H., June 3. 
Troats, Joseph £L, June 3. 
Bush, Geo. F., picker, line, Xov. 


Hill, Henry, August 25. 
Greenwald Marcus, August 14. Cap- 
tured and died in Richmond. 
Keach, Chas., died in Andersonville. 

Agan,- Michael, May G, died. 

Villoz. Louis. .May 24. 

Wilbur, Robert G., Galesburg, 111. 

May 24. 
Crounse, Amos., Washington, D. C. 

June 3. 


Winans, Robert, June 22. 

Putnam, Aaron, Altoona, III., June 22. 

Brown, 0. A., August 25. 

Butler, John L . South Valley, X. Y., 

August 25. 
Ryan. James, August 14, died. 

Post. John. June 3, died at Mt. Vision. 

Bingham, Alonzo, Capt. 
Butler, Hiram T., 1885. 

Bishop, Robert M. 
Crocker, Smith, 
Deianey, John, 
Love joy, Henry, 


Sullivan, W., 1S83. 
Town, Wm. H. 


Lovejoy, Jonathan, 
Miller, James, 
Miller, Chas. 
MeKinley, Jas. H. 





Bellenger, Jacob G, Lieut , Herkimer, Pearl, Ebenezer, Herkimer, X. Y. 

N. Y. Pauth, Chas., Little Falls, X. Y. 

Bridenbecker, Andrew, Lieut., wounded Smaller, D., Vanhornsville, X. Y. 

May 12, Frankfort, X. Y. Sterling, George, Frankfort. X. Y. 

Schall, Win. H., Lieut., Rhinebeck, Waidrof, Asa M., South Valley, X. Y. 

X. Y. Sayles, Simon, CJtica, X. Y. 

Casey, Eugene, Little Falls. Dieffenbacher, E , Frankfort, X. Y. 

Gifford, Lester, Stratford, X. Y. Haver, Edward, Lieut., East Schuyler' 
Gifford, James H., Columbus, Ohio. X. Y. 

Phillips, A. D., East 'Worcester, N. Y. Genner, Harvey E , Auburn, X". Y. 


Conklin, J. WV, Lieut.. May 6. Masfield, James, missing, Aug. 14. 

Hyer, Jchn C, May 10. Vanalstine, Alouzo, plaster mill, Little 
Carr, Stephen, May 24. Falls, 1882. 

Inman, Asa, mortally wounded, June, 
'64. Buried, Frankfort Hill. 


Conlon, Michael, Utiea, X. Y. May 10. Weish, Owen D., May 6. 

Holdridge, Seth B., Sergt., X~ew Berlin, White, Geo., injured, cars, "62. 
May 12. 

fiensler, Lambert, Capt. 
Dyckman, Peter B., Lieut. 
Conklin, John. 


Casler. Lucius. 

Pross, John, wounded June 3. 


Corselman, G., March 13, 1865. Dickenson, Madison, Sept. 22, 1864. 


Hardendorf, Corn. Tabor, John. 


Survivors. -P. 0. Address Unknown. 


Smith, John M., Lieut. 
Vincent, Alonzo 
Mack, W. J. 
Mierhoof, Ulric 
Katz, Geo. 
Weidenrich, Geo. 
Burke, James 
Cavanna, Win. 

Pheips, Truman, Lieut. 
Breslin, Chas. 
Bennett, George 
Dickenson, S. L. 
Dygert. N. L. 
Eth ridge, Thos. 
Evans, Amasa 
Hydorn, Henry A. 
Hales, T. 
Hall, W. 

Cole, Jeremiah 
Casler, J. C. 
Youchey, H. 
Loose, Chas. 
Murphy, Ed. 
Reynolds, Lewis 
Shoemaker, A. N. 
Vanderveer, John 


Lawton, Theo. 
Matteson, Wm. M., Sergt. 
Palmer, Granville 
Root, I. 
Spall, Chas. 
Smith, J. H. 
Williams, H. 
Wendover, Benj. 
Whiting, Jonas G. 


Swift, Lansing, Lieut. 

Shaw, S. " 

Anderson. J. 

Coe, H. 

Christman, EzraG., Hospital Steward. 

Case, Frank 

Dennison, C. 

Edwards, Geo. 

Giles, Geo. W. 

Goodrich, Geo. N. 

Hall, Geo. W. 

Hitchcock, Chas. H. 

Hall, Geo. 

Hargrave, Wm. 

Joys, J. 

Keller, M. 
Kinnie, 0. P. 
Kirkland, W. 
Kirkland, John 
Lull, Narhan 
Marvin, E. D. 
Nuring, J. A. 
Passen. E. F. 
Platts, R. D. 
Shaw, C. G., Lieut. 
Sheridan, James 
Shute, Francis 
Stevenson, Ed. 
Tallraan, M. D. 
Wilson. Gerritt 

1 84 



Ayers, Wm. W. 
Cole, Cortland J. 
Coburn, Delos 
Cosgrove, Daniel 
Cook, Geo. W. 
Dewitt, O. 
Druse, Geo. W. 
Doras, James 
Elliot, H. 
Gilchrist, Peter 
Herron, A. C. 
Howe, George W. 
Eewes, Henry, Lieut. 
Keyser, John A. 
Louden, James 

Louden, John 
McChesney, John W, 
Miller, Henry 
Monroe, Henry- 
Myers, Wm. M. 
Mereness, Jacob C. 
Nestle, Wm. H. 
Root, Wm. B. 
Rynders, George 
Swan. Robert 
Shaul, Chauncey 
Steele, James 
Sandford, Joseph 
Smith, E. 
Wilsey, Henry D. 


Coe, Simeon L., Capt. 
Babcock. W. S. 
Bradbury, James 
Broderick, D. 
Carrier, John 
Fox, Chas. 
Fox, James 
Hallara, John 

Palmer, Jas. L. 
Tooley, Benj. 
Sawyer, Thos. 
Woodhull, Roselle 
Burgess, Andrew W 
Burke, Thos. 
Friz, Chas. 
Genn, Wm. 


Bogner, Wm. 
Bently, J. 
Bartlett, Chas. 
Cuyler, J. 
Coakiey, M. D. 
Ecles, Thos. 
Earne, John 
Hill, Robert 
Hayes, Geo. 
Hale, Hamilton 

Harvey, Wm. H. 
Kelley, J. W. 
Keaton, Thos. W. 
Logan, Thos. 
McCormac, Dan. 
Rees, H. P. 
Reno, Elijah 
Smith, R. S. 
Wilson, Thos. 
Rogers, Harvev L. 


Treadwell, Richard X., Lieut. 

Alger, Wm. 

Baldwin, Ed. 

Baker, Wm. 

Beach, Amos 

Cass. Fred. 

Hotaling, Elias 
Love, Joseph 
Miller, G. 
Moulton, Sara. 
Peters, Wm. A. 
Leonard, Richard 



Cleveland, Richard 

Greene, Nathan 

Hastings, Wm. 

Hastings, John F., Sergt. Major 

Rockwell. Willard 
Rogers, John W. 
Slade, Joshua 
Thayer, James H. 

Weston, Lester, Lieut. 
Patrick, W. R., '« 
Alger, Alvin 
Bishop, Menzo 
Foley, Wm. 
Foley, Wm. Jr. 
George, J. 
Harrington, Wm. 
Inglebie, S. 
Luce, H. P. 
Lull, D. 
Lynch, H. W. 
Merrill, L. 

Hamilton, Chas., Capt. 
Andrews. C. O. 
Avery, G. 
Crouch, Aaron 
Cai-r, Abram 
Drew. C. 
Eggleston, John 
Ellsworth, James 
Tilling, Ed. 
Fitzgerald, John 
Gleason, John 
Hoyt, A. 

Campbell, Lewis, Lieut. 
Ackler. G. H. 
Case, Sol. 
Casselman, Uriah 
Casselman. Geo. 
Cannin, M. 
Crego, Wm. 
Dempster. James 
Eldred, H. A. 
Foreman, W. S. 
Finehout, Aaron 
Foster, Smith 
Gray, Lewis 
Gray, Wm. 
Gallagher, Thos. A. 
Gross, John H. 
Hi Hard, James 
Kinney, James 
Larry, P. 


Mickle, Wm. 
Morrissen, Hiram 
McLiesh, Joseph 
McLiesh, John 
Prince, Dewitt 
Pickens, E. D. 
Sherman, A. 
Sherman, E. 
Thayer, 0. 
Trelliam, H. 
Vanwormer, Wm. 
Walling, S. 
Walker, S. S. 


Jewell, John A. 
Mickle, Jared 
McGuire, Chas. 
Mallory, Dan. 
Putnam, J. L. 
Peirce, Chas. 
Quackenbush, James H. 
Root, Tanner 
Starkey, Pat. 
Tillinghast. Ed. 
Vanetten, Wm. 


Lowell, Chas. 
Miller, Wm. 
Miner, S. 
Moss, Joseph 
Nesbeit. C. 
Nichols, L. 
Pittman, Ed. 
Persons, E. W. 
Rolions. J. 
Small. D. 
Stevens, James H. 
SLockbridge. J. H. 
Stroup, A. 
Sullivan, James 
Tiffany, Hiram 
Wayman, Nelson 
Vissher. Garrett 
Schoonrall, G. 

Surviving Members of the 121st N. Y. Vol., 1886. 

Kidder, John S. Col., Laurens 

Cronkhite J. W., Lieut. Col., New 
York City. 

Campbell Douglass, Major, New York 

Jackson, D. D, Capt., Wylliesburg, Va 

Bolles, F. G., Lieut.. Unadilla 

VanHorne, H., Lieut., Springfield Cen- 

Alspaugh, A. C, Pittsfield, Mich. 

Applegate, W. I., Princeton, Minn. 

Austin. Fred., Little Falls 

Armstrong, N., Warren 

Austin, P. L, West Burlington 

Ackerraan, Geo. M., " 

Allum, J. R., Mohawk 

Burgess, J. H. Richfield Spa 

Bailey, D. W„ Roseboom 

Boorne, George W., Cobbleskill 

Bates, Reuben EL, Cooperstown 

Baldwin, F. A., Pleasant Brook 

Borst, George H., Starkviile 

Bassett, E. S., Cold Brook 

Beckwith, Clinton, Herkimer 

Best, Isaac 0., Clinton 

Burch, Joseph P., Amsterdam 

Burnham, H. S. Woonsocket, R. I. 

Berry, Andrew, Utica 

Bartlett, Lewis. Lieut., Bingkamton 

Baker, L. A., Albany 

Bennett. Willard 

Bentley, Thos. H., Irving, D. T. 

Boothwick. R. Middlefield Centre 

Briggs, T. H., Otego 

Bowen, Z., Morris 

Bell, C, Norfolk 

Butts, Elijah. Fly Creek 

Brice, Fred, [lion 

Beals, H. C, Fulton 

Bemis, C. L.. Trov 

Brown, H. C, Little Falls 

Casler, AIL, 

Carryi, M. H., New York Mills 

Campbell, Jas. M., Cherry Valley 

Chapman, W. H., Utica 

Congdon, B. W., Prospect 

Cook, A. V. Mohawk 

Crocker, P. T., Cobleskill 

Coe, L. E., Middleville 

Clark, J. T., Amsterdam 

Carpenter, EL, Salisbury Centre 

Croden, P. P., Hyndsville 

Cad well, EL W., Springfield 

Cushman, C. P., Edmiston 

Dasey, Timothy, Little Falls 

Dennison, T. 

Dewey. Dennis A. 

Delong, H. M. 

Deal, Harvey 

Downing, Charles L, West Davenport 

Davidson, Andrew, Cooperstown 

Dyer, E. H., Oneonta 

Easton, Henry, Schuyler's Lake 

Eysaman, Andrew, Ijittle Falls 

Ely, Darwin, Cherry Valley 

Edson, Joseph, Portlandville 

E^ssex, A. B., Decatur 

Elwood, Moses D., Warren 

Eldred, J. J., Johnstown 

Edwards, William, Morris 

Foote, Sedate, w 

Finch, D. A., South Valley 

Finch, J. J., Pleasant Brook 

Fahey, G. W., Russia 

French. Samuel G., Marshall, Ohio 

Fitzjames, M., Amsterdam 

E'osmire, W. H., North Adams, Mass. 

Grigg, John, Frankfort 

Goodrich, H. J., Worcester 

Grey, G. EL, Herkimer 



Greenman. L. EL, Salisbury 

Gillespie, A. A., Duke Centre, Pa. 
Good speed, V. S., Yorkshire 
Griffith, Daniel, Utica 
Goodman, Philip, Columbia 
Gridley. J. B., II ion 
Greene. D. W., Little Falls 
Heath, Joseph, " 

Hammond, Charles, " 
Ilarrod, George, " 

Hotaling, Ben., 
Heath, Horace, " 

Hartford, M. D., 
Helmer, Levi, Dolgeville 
Heligas, T. W., Eaton 
Hallister, Leroy, Miiford 
Hadsell. A., Oakville 
Hunt, E. M., Cherry Valley. 
Herdman, N. W., " 
Hoover, Joseph, Oneida 
House, H. H., Stark ville 
Haines, C. J., Sing Sing 
Harrington, A., Sacketts Harbor 
Hills, E. D., Cooperstown 
Hudson, P., Syracuse 
Hart well, J. G.. Springfield, Mass. 
Hilts. Andrew, Herkimer 
Hartley, J. W., Cassville 
Herring, J. W.. North Walton 
Harris. D. R., Unadilla 
Hadsell, H., South Valley 
Hawthorn, H. S., Hoosic Falls 
Ilawley, E. H., Sherburne 
lioff, J. M., Griswold. Mich. 
Hoarnshaw, Geo. H.^Cleveland, O. 
Hyde. J. R., Middlefield Centre 
Hubbell, F., 
Irons, E. H., Fly Creek 
In graham, J. J., Canastota 
Jones, Wm. H., Newville 
J-nnings, A. M., Dolge ville 
Johnston, J. W., Utica 
Johnson, \V. A., West Exeter 
Jaycox, A. E., Worcester 
Johnson, H. S. t Capt., Utica 
Ju id. W. D., Amsterdam 
• ! irvis, F. G., Fly Creek 
Johnson, Ed., Little Falls 

Jaycox, J. 0., Worcester 

Jones. Benj., Watertown 

Keller, Geo., Frankfort 

Kuck, J., 

Kavanaugh, T., Newport 

Kenion, D. M., llion 

Kimball, J. S , Asst. Surg., West Point 

Lampheir, Chas. EL, 

Lowe, Frank, New York City 

Lunn, Wm., Garrattsville 

Lobdell, W. G., Unadilla 

Lovejoy, J. M., South Valley 

Love joy, Allen, " 

Langton, Frank, Graysville 

Luther, Chas., Salisbury 

Leonardson, A., Oneida 

Lowell, D. R., Albany chaplin 

Lout, J. F., Edmeston 

Letz, J. E., Frankfort 

Lewis, Horace, " 

Marshall, D. T., Toddsville 

Markell, C. M.. 

Merrihew, D., Guilford 

Maybie, E., Johnstown 

Merrihew, Thos., Richfield Spa. 

McLean, Geo., Utica 

McCann, Geo., " 

Maurer, Geo., " 

May, Geo. A., 

Morehouse, C. A., Cold Brook 

Merry, M. D , Frankfort 

Montague, P., Ilion 

Moody, Joe, Little Falls 

Maltbie. M. H., Kansas 

Mather, C. H., Garrats ville 

Mather, E. C, 

Matteson, B. F., Unadilla Forks 

Murdoch, L. W., E. Worcester 

Mclutire, P. W., Morris 

Myers, Wm., Cherry Valley 

Miller, Win., Salisbury 

.Marriott, Thos. W., Litchfield 

Matteson, Jessie, Fairfield 

Mansfield, G. W., Rochester 

Merriman, D. L., Prospect 

Miller, J. H., Chittenango 

.Nye, W. H., West Exeter 

Ostrander, M. C, Ilion 


Oaks, Eli, Cherry Valley 

Olin, E. 0., Sparta, Wis. 

Oyer, Edwin, E. Schuyler 

Orvis, A. T., Poland 

Olive, Win,, Cooperstown 

Piper, P., Syracuse 

Pierce. D. A., Jordauville 

Post, Nathaniel. Ilion 

Picker:, J. 0., Salisbury Centre 

Palmer, W. G., Lisle 

Perry, L. H., Cooperstown 

Palmer, Henry, Elk Creek 

Price, C. E., YanHornesvilie 

Pearl, Myron, Graysville 

Parshall, H. C, Hartwick 

Pierce, Irving, Mohawk 

Putnam, D. A., Herkimer 

Palmer. A. W., •' 

Pitcher, M. A., Salt Springfield 

Palmer, H., Poland 

Peck, Morgan D., St. Johnsville 

Rice, W. W., Friendship 

Robinson, R. L., New York City 

Reynolds, William, Little Falls 

Russ, Michael. '• 

Reddy, James, " 

Rafferty, John, 

Robinson, R. S., Frankfort 

Rice, Burrell, Salisbury Centre 

Rounds, J. B.. Winfield 

Reed, A. S., Edmeston 

Rider, Anson, California 

Starring, C. H., Mohawk 

Smith, James M., Little Falls 

Snell, John H., 

Sherman, Andrew, " 

Story, Albert, Capt., (i 

Snell, Milton, Livingston Manor 

Smith, I, P. 

Smith, Thomas 

Swartout, Leander, Prospect 

Sayles, A. C, Norfolk 

Swart, William, Deposit 

Storrer, George W., Plainfield, N. J. 

Sitts, E., Springfield, Conn. 

Stinson, G. C, Herkimer 

Smith, Sheldon, Otego 

Shepard, Tr«*man. Cooperstown 

Slocum, Jo., Surgeon, Camilius 

Snyder, E. E., Unadilla 

Stone, X., Portlandville 

Sweet, Caleb, New Berlin 

Smith, Lorenzo, Kearney. Neb. 

Sutphen, O. H., Sutphen Mills, Ks. 

Turner, Richard, Utica 

Tiliinghast, Edward, Utica 

Tarball, Charles, Richfield Spa 

Teal, George, Mil ford 

Teft, John, Johnstown 

Thomson, E. B., Pleasant Brook 

Tyler, J. K., Westford 

Van Home. J. N., Los Angeles, Cal. 

VanNort, Adam, Cooperstown 

Woodcock, Delos, Maryland 

W T right, Ira, Oakesville 

Wallace, G. W., Gilbertsviile 

Winton, Araasa, Morris 

Waterman, P. P., De.atur 

W T eaver, E. E., Washington. D, C. 

Weston, D. C, Norway 

Wescott. C. I., Guilford 

Williams, Thomas. Gray 

Wells, D., Newport 

Wright, William, Cooperstown 

Wood, J. T., 

Wood, William, '*. 

Woodcock, James, Mil ford 

Weber John. Utica 

Widrick, David. Frankfort 

Wright, Fernando W , Little Fails 

Welsh. Edward, 

Whitehead, W. H.. Herkimer 

Woodward, P. B.. Brookfield 

Walradt, J. H., Fort Plain 

West, Charles B., Burlington Flats 

Wilsey, Charles, Birmingham, Conn. 

Youngs, Wallace. Cedarville 

Youmans, Thomas, 

Youker, Warren. Dogsville 

Yager, Myron, Red Bluff, Cal. 

Arnold, E. D., Clayville 
Abbott, J. P., Frankfort 


Browne, George E.. Portland, Me. 
Barnes, Dewitt. Hartwick 


189 * 

Chase, D., South Valley 
Carnwright, J. L , Dolgeville 

Edwards. C. S.. Colonel, Portland, Me. 
Franklin. Benjamin, Newark, N. J. 
Goodrich, W. H., Richfield. Spa 
Gofl, William C. Colonel 5th Mass, 

Little Falls 
Hall. H. Clay, Little Falls 
Hitnerington, J. E., Cherry Valley 
Hunt, Theo. E , 10 Mo., Little Falls 
Jacques, T. L, Richfield Spa 

Mills. Albert M„ Capt., Little Falls 

Post, S. J., Unadilla 

Platts, A. J., Cooperstown 

Reraick. C. E., Oneida 

Ten-ill, Horace, Oakesville 

Wents. E. J., 9th Ohio caw Little Fails 

VanCouit, D. P., Fly Creek 

Wilcox, Gen 0. B., Sackett's Harbor 

Walker, Ripley, 1812 veteran 

Davis, Lyinau, " 


'Eaura, Lester, May 6, '64 
Huartson, George, May 3, 63 

Stan ring-. Fred, " 

Hendricks, James, April 2, '65 

Eckler, Norman. May 6, '64 
O'Brien, Nicholas, June 3, '64 
Roback, Swift, May 11, '64 
Fox, Delos, Died Andersonville 
Fox, Thomas, died Washington 
Delong, Herman, died Washington 
Peck, Edwin V., died at home 


Huartson, Robert, died disease 
Covel, Benjamin, died Florence. S. C, 

KILLED 152D N. Y. 

Light-heart, James, 57th N. Y., died in 

Stauring, Alonzo, 57 N. Y., died An- 

Jones, Calvin, 57th N. Y. 

Ackerman, Clinton, 97 N. Y. 

34th N. V. Volunteers— Colonel Suiters Boys. 

Suiter, James A., Herkimer 
Allen, Russell, Herkimer 
Austin, Fred, Norway 
Ailen, William, Mohawk 
Ackler, Matthew, Columbia 
Bennett, B. J., Gray 
Bailey, Isaac, Berkshire 
Bowen, John, Rouse Point 
Bryant, J. W., North Bay 
Bah, Martin, Prospect 
Baldwin, Harry, Addison 
Brundage, A. C. Hammonds port 
Brown, L. D., Ilion 
Buck, Hiram, Crown Point 
Beach, 0. W., Rochester 
Bacthelder, J. R., South Haven 
Burton, Charles B.. Watson 
Benson, Thomas, Newport 
Ballard, W. H,, Canastota 
Brenner, John, Amsterdam 
Bedler, William, Buffalo 
Burt, Wm. S.,Gray, Lieut. 
Chapin, Louis N., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Cochrane, Martin, Prospect 
Crego, Albert, Herkimer 
Clark, Irving D., Chicago, 111. 
Campain, John, Coeymans 
Chappell. James, Russia 
Crewell, Philip, Columbia 
Comstock, E. P., Gray 
Casler, Jacob, Little Falls 
Casler, William, Salisbury 
Durrin, David, 
Dudley, John, Crown I'oint 
Davis, J. M., Sehenevus 
Deal, Charles. Champlain 
DeForrest, William, Johnstown 
Darling. Luther, Dolgeville 
Doxtater, Ezra, Mohawk 
Daley, James, Little Falls 

Eagan, Charles, Mohawk 
Eldridge, Cyrus, Ilion 
Folts, William H., Herkimer 
Folts, Adam J., 
Faville, James, Pine Lake 
Flinn, Charles, Gloversville 
Franks. William. Mohawk 
Fort, Jesse R., Little Falls 
Flansburg, Philip, " 
Farrell, Thomas. " 
Goodbread, Jerome '* 
Graves, Nathan, Mohawk 
Guile, Cornelius, Lottville 
Guile, Cornelius, Oppenheim 
Green, Jacob, Gloversville 
Green, James N., Fairfield 
Gayer, Jacob, Paines Hollow 
Gage, Abram, Millers Mills 
Gory, William, New York Mills 
Gorman, John, Little Falls 
Hammond. A., Richfield Spa 
Helmer, W. H., Columbia 
Howe, J. G., Bradford, Pa. 
Plenties. John, Crown Point 
Haight, Louis, New Berlin 
Hayden, 0. E., Syracuse 
Hurley, James P., Little Falls 
House, Squire, " 

Johnson, John, Rochester 
Kirk. John. New York 
Kirk, William, Albany 
Kast, Benjamin, Fort Plain 
Kirk, Edmund, Herkimer 
Knight, James U., Burg Hill. Ohio 
Lewis, Francis, Mohawk 
Lewis, W. H., Jordanville 
Lawton, Lewis, Gray 
Lamphere, W.. Salisbury Centre 
Larrowe, E. B., Hammondsport 
Lepper, Andrew, Rochester 


I 9 I 


Loucks, Benjamin, Wiona, Minn. 

Miller, Charles C, Little Falls 

McGovern, Michael, " 

Mclntyre, John, West Troy 

McLane, W. J., Ltica 

Metcalf, Thomas, Bay City, Mich. 

Maxwell, James, Middleville 

McCormac, J., Sing Sing 

McDonald, Wra. T., Granville 

Manning, Win., Frankfort 

Mclntyre, Simon, Crown Point 

Manning, Owen, Jordanville 

May, John B., Bowling Green 0. 

Northrop, E. S., Kansas City, Mo. 

Oppel, John, Wis. 

O'Brien, M. S., Auburn 

Page. Warren, Newport 

Perry, Jacob C, Mohawk 

Peirce, W. B., Herkimer 

Peirce, Chas., " 

Peters, J. W., 

Powers, C. L., Gray 

Perry, Adelbert, Washington Mills 

Pickert, Solon, Waterville 

Powers. Francis, Poland 

Ferry, W r m. H., Little Falls 

Piper, Frank, Fairbault, Rice Co. Minn. 

Petrie, Chauncey, St. Johnsville 

Rathbone. Charles. Norway 

Roof, Roraeyn. Little Falls 

Stauring. Marvin. 1., Little Falls. 

Smith, Horace H.. " 

Smith, Wm., " 

Sponable, Wells, Maj . New York City 


Mills, Albert M., 8th N. Y. Cavalry, Lit- 
tle Falls 

Lintner, W. H. H., Maj., 177th N. Y, 
V., Little Falls 

Snyder, Edwin, Gray 

Shaver, G. F., Fairfield 

Sherman, J. EL, Mohawk 

Stauring, Geo. H., Devils Lake. D. T. 

Smith, Emmet, Crown Point 

Statia, P. W., Frey 

Scott, J. 0., Peoria, 111. 

Traver, J. A.. Llerkimer 

Tyler, Charles, 

Tunnicliff. Wm B., Little Falls 

Townsend, W. H., 

Townsend, James,, " 

Tucker, Sam, " 

Todd, James, Kansas City, Mo. 

Taylor, C. B., Mohawk 

Thompson, J. K., Devereaux 

VanValkenburg, Wra. S., Capt., Paines 

V T anValkenberg. L. H., Jordanville 
Vanetten, John I., Little Falls 
Vancourt, D. P., Mohawk 
Vandorn, Chas., Albany 
VanPetten, J. P., Claverack 
Weeber, Wm., Herkimer 
Woodruff. Daniel J., West Albany 
White, John, Mohawk 
White, Elerson, Ilion 
Worden, Chas., Oneida Valley 
Willoughby, Chas., Wis. 
Warner, Andrew, Jordanville 
Wright, J. P., Port Henry 
Woods, Thos., Little Fails 
Woolever, Amos, " 


Story, Albert. Maj., Little Falls 
Steele, J. A , Herkimer 

Reunion of the 81st X. V. Volunteers, September 20th, 1SS5. 

AbelL E. A., Gravesville Baker, E. E.. Canastota 

Butler, J. J., Sucketts Harbor Bennett, J., Frankfort 

Brewster, D., Taberg Bennett, Win., Gray 

Berry, J. H., Mohawk Comstock, E.. 

Ballard, Benj . Taberg Conkling, M. G., Grant 

Byatn, Chas., Rome Cook, C. I., Vienna 



Coville, C. C, Vienna. 

Cook, Jas. R., Utica 

Coy, H. W., Camden 

DeForest, J. J., Col., Duanesburg 

Folmsbee, W., Gray 

Fallen, E.. Forestport 

Foster, A., Pratts Hollow 

Garlock, H., Grant 

Haminersly, T., Newport 

Hamilton, G., Randailsville 

Harter, T., llion 

Humphrey, Ed.. Little Falls 

Hane, James, Ohio 

Laraway, W. J., Middleviile 

Moore, G. T., Salisbury 

Crowley, John, Little Falls 
Comstock, Charles 

Morriss, B. B., Middlevilie 

Palmer, H. J., Sauquoit 

Perry, J. H., Herkimer 

Rhodes, P.. West Winfield 

Rathbone, T., Norway 

Rylands, W., Amsterdam 

Smith, Geo. C, Jamestown 

Smith, A. B., Gravesville 

Sherman, James, Camden 

Tenny, C. B., Xew York Mills 

Towne, C, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Timmerman, R. C, Branchport 

Zimmerman, S., Ilion 

Maliett, Adjutant, Washington. D. C. 


Paul, Richard F., Wilmurt 

Veteran Soldiers and Sailors who reside in Little Falls and 
Vicinity. U. S. Navy. 

Bross, Jacob 
Johnson, Thomas 
Orendorf. John 

97th n. y. 
Collins, Chas. D., Little Falls 
Connelley, Michaeh " " 
Doxtater, Horace, Salisbury 
Fenton, Chas. D.. Capt., Little Falls 
Faville, Frank, Capt., Dolgeville 
Ferguson, Rev J. V. 
Freeman, Edmund 
Gorman, Thomas. Bath 
Isham, X., Surgeon, Little Falls 
Johnson, Adelbert, Little Falls 
Keller, Ephraim, " " 

Loomis, Russell, 

Hasting, Thomas 

May, Jonah, U. S. Navy. 


Leahman, Joseph, Little Falls. 
Manga, Augustus, " 
Metz, Henry, 4< " 

Murphy, Henry, '' ; ' 

Murray, Win. H., Syracuse 
Owens, John, Little Falls 
Pauley, John C, Little Falls 
Roof. Romeyn, Capt., Little Falls 
Smith, John B., Littie Falls 
Snell, John H., 
Short, Joseph 
Crowley, Timothy 


Barry, Andrew, Little Fall; 
Dunn, John, " " 

Hughes. Wm., 
Kennedy, Michael. " ■ " 

10th x. v 

Buyer, Geo., Littlt 
Fort, Jesse R. " 


Leahey, John C, Little Falls. 
Smith, Horace II., " " 
Gorman, Patrick, " " 
Wheeler, Wm. A., " 


James, Thos,, Little Falls. 
Sutherland, Clark E. 



57th NEW YORK. 

Bass, Win. L. Magill, Taos. N. 

Herbert, Chas. 

44tb NEW YORL. 

Starkins, John, Fairfield 

2nd N. Y. Artillery. 

Loucks, James \Y\, Little Falls. 
Alusson, T. A., Giibertsville 
Mixter, Chauncey. Newville 
Newman, Chauncey, Little Falls 
Richmond, Isaac, B, Lieut., Little 

Roback, Emmett H., Fort Plain 
Reardon, Edward, Herkimer 
" Shipman, Warren, Little Falls 

Walrath, Barney, Little Falls 
Uhle, Amenzo, Paines Hollow 
115th N. Y. 
, Little Falls Sitts, William, Little Fails 

Stratford Williams, Stephen A., Little Falls 

108th X. Y. 
Davis, George R., Mohawk Durand, Edward, Stratford 


Anderson, John, Little Falls 

Barnes, I. G., " 

Burke, Delos. 

Cassidy, James, 

Cassidy, Owen, " 

Casler, Nicholas, 

Fox, Oscar, 

Fletcher, Richard. " 

Howell, E. P., 

Kilts, Norman, " 

Kirch, Nicholas, 

Miller, William J. 
Scrosbv, William, 

Brownrigg, William, Jordanville 
Cassidy, Abram, Danube 
Mowers, Harvey, Newville 
Hyde, Charles E., Jordanville 
Smith. Henrv, Paines Hollow 

Shaut. Winsiow, Bath 
Zuper, Wallace, Little Falls 
Boyer, Horace M., " 
Smith. William E. 
Crowley, John, Capt. 

11th n. y. cavalry. 

Briggs, E. Thomas, Little Falls 
Riley, James, " 


Smith, David E., Little Falls 

Adams, Victor, 215th Pa., Little Falls 
Baker, John R., 94th N. Y., Little Falls 
Buchanan, Horace, Capt., 7th Wis., Lit- 
tle Falls 
Byron, Moses M., 1st Cal., Cav., Little 

Brunner, Horace, 12th, N. Y. Cav., Lit- 
tle Falls 
Byron, W. S. 10th 111. Cav. Little Falls 
Booth, Ben.. 46th N. Y. Vol., Little 

Brownell, Frank II 

Little Falls 
Hall, Henry Clay, 1st N. 
Little Falls 

4th N. Y. H. Art, 
Y. M. R., 

Cogoman, M., 1st N. Y. M. R., Little 

Case, Elijah, 3d Mich. Cav., Beaufort, 

S. C. 
Denn, George, 6th N. Y. H. Art. 
Gardner, William, 47th N. Y. Vol. 
Grant, Albert T. . 
Uhle, James, lSGth N. Y. Vol., Paines 

Green, H. H., 8th X. Y. Cav. 
Goetchius, George, Gth Pa. Cav. 
Graham, John, 91st N, Y. 
Hall. Horace A. 
Isham. Charles, Chicago Zouaves 






Ingham, Win., veteran of 1812 

Holmes, Sylranus, 37th N. Y. 

Kennedy, Robert, 9th Conn. 

Lee, John EL, 49th Slass. 

Lawn, Silas. 6th N. Y. H. A. 

Lynch, Wm., 41st Ohio 

Keough, Murty, 2nd X. Y. Cavalry 

Kellogg, John'H., 3d X. Y. Cavalry 

Marco, Eugene, 2d L r . S. V. V. Cavalry 

Prince, Josephus, 5th Mass. Col. Cav- 

Southworth, M. A., Surgeon Gen., U. 
S. A. 

Stowell, Henry C, 146th X. Y. V. 

Roback, Chas. V., 146th N. Y. V., Jor- 


Searles, H. C, 13th Conn., Herkimer. 

Perkins, H. D., 3d Oneida Cavalry. 

Munk, Andrew, 10th X. Y. H. Artil- 
lery, Newville 

Porter, Clark, 110th X. Y., Danube. 
X. Y. 

Sullivan, Mich., 89th X. Y.. Little Falls 

Snell, O'Reilly, 10th New York H. A. 
Little Falls 

Threehouse, Paul, 110th X. Y. Little 

Tracy, Barnard, 15th Conn. 

Finehout, John H. 14 X. Y. H. A. 

Miller, Dan D. 20 X. Y. Cav. 

The Honored Dead whose Graves are Decorated the 30th day 

of May, by the Comrades ot Galpiu Post. No. 19, 

Department N. Y., G. A. R. 


Canty, James, 94th X. Y., Feb. 2, 1885 

Cogomon, William, 6th X. Y. Cav. 

Corcoran, Patrick, 97th, 1866 

Donohue, Patrick, 34th X. Y., 1867 

Kennedy, Matt., 34th X. Y. May 31/62 

O'Brien, John, 34th X. Y. 

Ward, John, 15,d X. V. Mar. '63 

Savage, Michael, 34th X. Y. 1S70 

White, Edward, 34th X. Y. 

Fox, William, 121st X. Y. Vol., March 

31, 1S85. 
Gage, James. 121st X.Y.Vol. Feb.20/78 
McGowan, Thomas, 121st X. Y. Vol., 

June 4, 1803 
Quigiey, Patrick, Sen., 121st X. Y. Vol. 

Quigiey, Patrick, 16 X. Y. H. A., Jan. 

5, 1S65. 
Gye, Andrew, 16th X. Y. H. A. 

Kenna, William, 16th X T . Y. H. A. 
Fox, Edward, Lieut , 2nd X. Y. H. Art. 
Keefe, John, 2d X.Y. H. Art. Mar. 4 ,67 
Kelley, Thomas, 152nd X. Y. - 
O'Brien, Timothy, 152nd X". Y., Jan. 

31, '83 
O'Rourke, M., 131st X. Y., October, '79 
McCauliffe, Patrick, 2nd X. Y. Cav. '09 
Flemings, James 2nd U. S. Art. '83 
Flynn, Gregory, 2nd X. Y. M. R., Oct. 

19, '64. 
Youran, Hiram, 14th X. Y. II. Art.. 

March 7. '86 
Welsh, John, 152nd X. Y., Sept. 26/85 
Farrell, John 
Howard, H. Patrick, Co. £, 153d X. 

Y., Oct. 7. 1865 
Howard, Andrew, Co. K, 142nd X. V. 

Vol. Died Nov. 14, '64. 




Ackernian, Seward, 18th N. Y. I. and Pickard, Isaac, 6th N. Y. H. Art., Feb* 

14th N. Y. H. A., Dec. 9, '79 3, 18S8 

McLaughlin, John, 8th Pa. Gay., May Walrath, John H., 2nd N. Y. H. A., 

13, 18S5 March 23, 1888 

Goodbread, Solomon, 2nd X. Y. M. R., Yeagans, P3ter, 7th N. Y. H. A., Feb* 

July 25, '87 3, 1885 

Village Cemetery. 


Herkimer Nicholas, Gen. .hero of Oriskany Petrie, David, Col., 1859 
Arnold, Edward, died 1842 Petrie, Jost, Gen., 1833 

Casler, Peter B., 1870 Petrie, John J., died 1795 


Allen, James Gage, Agustus 

Cameron, Angus, Lieut., Nov. 10, '62 Mathews, Win. 

Davis, Geo. W., Lieut., Oct. 20, '62 

Flood. Patrick 

Ford, Edwin, Oct. 8, '64 

Rahm, Fred, Jan. 29, 1S71. 
Redway, Sheldon, Capt.. July 2, '72 
Snell, Geo. H., Lieut., April, '85 

152d n. y. 
Ingham, Silas A., Surg., Feb. 5, '86 Vosburg. D. H., '64 

Johnson, Brrnson, Sept.. 24, '80 
Peck, Edwin V., Mar. 13, '66 
Sanders, flenrv T., Dec. '64 

Vanalstyne, A., Jan. 10, 1882 
Wiswell, James D., March, 23, '70 
Wiswell, Chas., 2d N. Y. H. A. June 
11, '70 

Baker, Jacob, Nov. 1, 1877 
Nash, Daniel 
Reese, Edward 

34th n. y. 

Stewart, John 

Sherwood, Joshua 

Strossman, Earnest, Feb. 18, '71 

44th n. y. v. 
Hardenburg, John J., Jan. 26, '88 Shaffer, Peter, Feb. 14, '79 

97th n. y. 

Murray, Thos., Nov. 1, '82 

Parker, Alvarado 

Zoller, Robert, July 4, '66 

Armstrong, Wm. 
Kenna, James, Oct. 10, '80 
Leah man, Andrew 
Met calf, Philander 

L*e, Geo., Jan. 4, '82 
Morse, Eli, Capt., Apr. 1, '65 
Mills, Ephraim, June 28, *67 
Petrie, Edward 

2D N. Y. M. RIFLES. 

Rankins, O. M., July, '71 

Rankins, Silas, 56th N. Y. V. Feb. 4,'78 

Walrath, Isaac 



16th n. y. h. artillery. 

Chase, Geo., Oct. 31, '80 
Flint, Norman 

Perry, Joseph B. May 24, 'G4 
Reals, Wallace, Capt. 


Pygert, Horace, March 11, '70 

u. s. 
Beilby, Porteus, Asst. Surgeon, Aug. 1, 

Dix, Harlow L., June 1, 1883 
Greffing, Geo. A. 
Ostrander, Wm., Oct. 15, '33 
Tuttle, Duane 
Aiken, Wm., 10th Mass. 
Byron, H. R., Mar. 7, 1865 
Carlisle, Geo , 3d Ohio Cavalry, June 1, 

Coppernoll, Robert, 193d N. Y. 
Moyer, Chas., Feb. 26, '79 
Delong, Ellis, June 24, '66 


Ellis, Wm., 1st N. Y. L. A. July 27/71 
Jackson, Geo., 14th R. I. H. Artillery 
Keller, Wallace, Lieut., 16th N. Y- 

Cavalry, Jan. 5, '88 
Nelson, James H. 3 N.Y. A., Feb. 3. "74 
Robinson, A. L., 1st Mass. Cavalry 

June 17, '63 
Stewart, Geo., Capt., May 20, '66 
Warner, Jas., June 3, '68 
Yatter, John, 61st N. Y., Aug. 1, 18S0 
Zellner, M. 
Vanallen, A. K., 2d U. S. Y. Y., June 

17, '86 


Gray, Wm., 97th N.Y. 
Todd, Lieut., 121 N. Y. 

Babcock, Washington 
Wraught, Homer, 34th N. Y 


Page 98, line 18, reads 11 a. m. ; should read 11 p. m. 
Page 99, line 4, reads 2,000 men; should read 20,000 men. 
Page 104, line 24, reads Co. H.; should read Co., A. 

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